How to format your references using the Cell and Tissue Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell and Tissue Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Beal MF (2010) Parkinson’s disease: a model dilemma. Nature 466:S8-10
A journal article with 2 authors
Raymo ME, Mitrovica JX (2012) Collapse of polar ice sheets during the stage 11 interglacial. Nature 483:453–456
A journal article with 3 authors
Wara MW, Ravelo AC, Delaney ML (2005) Permanent El Niño-like conditions during the Pliocene warm period. Science 309:758–761
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dai B, Zhang Y, Zhan Y, et al (2014) A novel tissue model for angiogenesis: evaluation of inhibitors or promoters in tissue level. Sci Rep 4:3693

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lißner K, Rug W (2016) Der Eurocode 5 für Deutschland Eurocode 5: Bemessung und Konstruktion von Holzbauten. Wilhelm Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany
An edited book
Mandal JK, Satapathy SC, Kumar Sanyal M, et al (eds) (2015) Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications: Proceedings of Second International Conference INDIA 2015, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Green TM, Arias-Hernandez R, Fisher B (2014) Individual Differences and Translational Science in the Design of Human-Centered Visualizations. In: Huang W (ed) Handbook of Human Centric Visualization. Springer, New York, NY, pp 93–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell and Tissue Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) 10,000-Year-Old Stone Tools Unearthed In Washington State. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Human Resources Research and Development Results Can Be Better Managed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson A (2010) Scribblins. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear MD (2017) Trump Halted Chemical Attack, Officials Say. New York Times A11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Beal 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Beal 2010; Raymo and Mitrovica 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Raymo and Mitrovica 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Dai et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell and Tissue Research
AbbreviationCell Tissue Res.
ISSN (print)0302-766X
ISSN (online)1432-0878
ScopeCell Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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