How to format your references using the Cell and Tissue Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cell and Tissue Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bates GP (2006) BIOMEDICINE: One Misfolded Protein Allows Others to Sneak By. Science 311:1385–1386
A journal article with 2 authors
Hanson R, Awschalom DD (2008) Coherent manipulation of single spins in semiconductors. Nature 453:1043–1049
A journal article with 3 authors
Ito T, Woloszyn M, Mazloff M (2010) Anthropogenic carbon dioxide transport in the Southern Ocean driven by Ekman flow. Nature 463:80–83
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Lee D, Kim D, Kim J, Moon J (2014) Characterizing nano-scale electrocatalysis during partial oxidation of methane. Sci Rep 4:3937

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Armajani J (2011) Modern Islamist Movements. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Sain S (2014) Customer Knowledge Management: Leveraging Soft Skills to Improve Customer Focus. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Bennett L (2016) Topical Versus Systemic Ocular Drug Delivery. In: Addo RT (ed) Ocular Drug Delivery: Advances, Challenges and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cell and Tissue Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Can You Get a Food Allergy From a Blood Transfusion? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) FAA Encountering Problems in Acquiring Major Automated Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collins K (2014) Learning to live in the layers: Traveling soul’s way through poetry. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W (2017) Navigating A City Forest: 280 Miles Of Scaffolding. New York Times A22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bates 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bates 2006; Hanson and Awschalom 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hanson and Awschalom 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCell and Tissue Research
AbbreviationCell Tissue Res.
ISSN (print)0302-766X
ISSN (online)1432-0878
ScopeCell Biology
Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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