How to format your references using the Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fisk LA. Journey into the unknown beyond. Science 2005;309:2016–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russell EV, Israeloff NE. Direct observation of molecular cooperativity near the glass transition. Nature 2000;408:695–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gonçalves B, Balcan D, Vespignani A. Human mobility and the worldwide impact of intentional localized highly pathogenic virus release. Sci Rep 2013;3:810.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Jonietz F, Mühlbauer S, Pfleiderer C, Neubauer A, Münzer W, Bauer A, et al. Spin transfer torques in MnSi at ultralow current densities. Science 2010;330:1648–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pagliaro M. Nano-Age. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
Singh C, editor. Public Debt Management: Separation of Debt from Monetary Management in India. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Shirali S, Vasudeva HL. Inverse and Implicit Function Theorems. In: Vasudeva HL, editor. Multivariable Analysis, London: Springer; 2011, p. 117–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
Andrew D. 17 Signs You’re Intelligent — Even If It Doesn’t Feel Like It. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Inadequate Monitoring of U.S. Merchant Tanker Fleet Hampers Mobilization Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eggers M von. Searching for a Post-Jungian Psychophysical Reality in Recovery from Addiction. Doctoral dissertation. Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wogan J. Beds and a Banana. New York Times 2016:M236.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Genetics
AbbreviationCancer Genet.
ISSN (print)2210-7762
ScopeCancer Research
Molecular Biology

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