How to format your references using the Cancer Genetics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Genetics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Smaglik P. Taking stock of biotech jobs. Nature 2002;417:3.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lu Q, Lemke G. Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science 2001;293:306–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Lee D, Kim M, Cho K-H. A design principle underlying the paradoxical roles of E3 ubiquitin ligases. Sci Rep 2014;4:5573.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Zhang S, Kanemitsu Y, Fujitani M, Yamashita T. The newly identified migration inhibitory protein regulates the radial migration in the developing neocortex. Sci Rep 2014;4:5984.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Sóbester A, Forrester AIJ. Aircraft Aerodynamic Design. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Vitoria Lobo N da, Kasparis T, Roli F, Kwok JT, Georgiopoulos M, Anagnostopoulos GC, et al., editors. Structural, Syntactic, and Statistical Pattern Recognition: Joint IAPR International Workshop, SSPR & SPR 2008, Orlando, USA, December 4-6, 2008. Proceedings. vol. 5342. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Dornan D, Settleman J. Predictive Biomarkers for Antibody–Drug Conjugates. In: Phillips GL, editor. Antibody-Drug Conjugates and Immunotoxins: From Pre-Clinical Development to Therapeutic Applications, New York, NY: Springer; 2013, p. 77–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Genetics.

Blog post
[1]
Fang J. New Species Of Snake Discovered In Western Australia. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-death-adder-species-discovered-western-australia/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. National Aeronautical Facilities Program: Issues Related to Its Cost and Need. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
McGaughey KM. Textural juxtaposition: Representing the natural and the human in Elements. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Novick SM. Cocktails to Take Off the Chill. New York Times 2016:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Genetics
AbbreviationCancer Genet.
ISSN (print)2210-7762
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics
Molecular Biology

Other styles