How to format your references using the Sexual Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ostrom E. A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science 2009; 325(5939): 419-422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brainard MS, Doupe AJ. Interruption of a basal ganglia-forebrain circuit prevents plasticity of learned vocalizations. Nature 2000; 404(6779): 762-766.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baldo MA, Thompson ME, Forrest SR. High-efficiency fluorescent organic light-emitting devices using a phosphorescent sensitizer. Nature 2000; 403(6771): 750-753.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Chidgey AP, Layton D, Trounson A, Boyd RL. Tolerance strategies for stem-cell-based therapies. Nature 2008; 453(7193): 330-337.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moritz FG. Electromechanical Motion Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Floudas G. Molecular Dynamics of Glass-Forming Systems: Effects of Pressure. Vol 1. (Paluch M, Grzybowski A, Ngai K, eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Chang JY, Lee KM, Lee SU. Stereo Matching Using Iterated Graph Cuts and Mean Shift Filtering. In: Narayanan PJ, Nayar SK, Shum H-Y, eds. Computer Vision – ACCV 2006: 7th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Hyderabad, India, January 13-16, 2006. Proceedings, Part I. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006:31-40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Health.

Blog post
Luntz S. Why Is The Sun’s Atmosphere So Much Hotter Than Its Surface? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Applying Agreed-Upon Procedures: Fiscal Year 2008 Airport and Airway Trust Fund Excise Taxes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann HM. Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M. New York City Jails Take Another Blow: Respected Official Is Stepping Down. New York Times. May 26, 2017:A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Health
AbbreviationSex. Health
ISSN (print)1448-5028
ISSN (online)1449-8987
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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