How to format your references using the Sexual Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Herzberg C. Geochemistry. Food for a volcanic diet. Science 2007; 316(5823): 378-379.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lane N, Martin W. The energetics of genome complexity. Nature 2010; 467(7318): 929-934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hejazi V, Sobolev K, Nosonovsky M. From superhydrophobicity to icephobicity: forces and interaction analysis. Sci Rep 2013; 3: 2194.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Su C-Y, Luo D-G, Terakita A, et al. Parietal-eye phototransduction components and their potential evolutionary implications. Science 2006; 311(5767): 1617-1621.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bisen PS, Raghuvanshi R. Emerging Epidemics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2013.
An edited book
Bonato A, Janssen J, eds. Algorithms and Models for the Web Graph: 9th International Workshop, WAW 2012, Halifax, NS, Canada, June 22-23, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7323. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Loosemore R, Goertzel B. Why an Intelligence Explosion is Probable. In: Eden AH, Moor JH, Søraker JH, Steinhart E, eds. Singularity Hypotheses: A Scientific and Philosophical Assessment. The Frontiers Collection. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012:83-98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Giant, “Living Fossil” Fish Has A Vestigial Lung. IFLScience. Available at: [verified October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Funding: NASA and DOD Activities for Fiscal Years 1981 Through 1989. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jenkins AK. Satisfaction and organizational commitment of civilian engineers and scientists in United States naval acquisition. 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gant K. Quotation of the Day. New York Times. February 27, 2011:A3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Health
AbbreviationSex. Health
ISSN (print)1448-5028
ISSN (online)1449-8987
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Other styles