How to format your references using the Sexual Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Sexual Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McNally RJ. Psychology. Psychiatric casualties of war. Science 2006; 313(5789): 923-924.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller AI, Foote M. Epicontinental seas versus open-ocean settings: the kinetics of mass extinction and origination. Science 2009; 326(5956): 1106-1109.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rasmussen LEL, Riddle HS, Krishnamurthy V. Mellifluous matures to malodorous in musth. Nature 2002; 415(6875): 975-976.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown WM, Cronk L, Grochow K, et al. Dance reveals symmetry especially in young men. Nature 2005; 438(7071): 1148-1150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stewart JM. Managing for World Class Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2001.
An edited book
Rabl T, Sachs K, Poess M, Baru C, Jacobson H-A, eds. Big Data Benchmarking: 5th International Workshop, WBDB 2014, Potsdam, Germany, August 5-6- 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Vol 8991. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Andrikovics S, Forró L, Gere G, Lakatos G, Sasvári L. Water bird guilds and their feeding connections in the Bodrogzug, Hungary. In: Hanson AR, Kerekes JJ, eds. Limnology and Aquatic Birds: Proceedings of the Fourth Conference Working Group on Aquatic Birds of Societas Internationalis Limnologiae (SIL), Sackville, New Brunswick, Canada, August 3–7, 2003. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006:31-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Sexual Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Humans Evolved Faster Metabolism To Support Our Bigger Brains. IFLScience. Available at: [verified October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Information on the Federal Role in Funding the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Authority. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dougherty MH. Identification of needs reported by grandparents of grandchildren, from birth to twenty-one years, with disabilities in the commonwealth of Kentucky. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burns A, Remnick N. Pence Breaks Ranks With Trump, Again, to Support Snubbed Republican Senators. New York Times. August 5, 2016:A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleSexual Health
AbbreviationSex. Health
ISSN (print)1448-5028
ISSN (online)1449-8987
ScopeInfectious Diseases
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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