How to format your references using the Cancer Cell International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Cell International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Lewis R. Driving back diabetes. Nature. 2004;430:1064–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Graf T, Enver T. Forcing cells to change lineages. Nature. 2009;462:587–94.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Pregibon DC, Toner M, Doyle PS. Multifunctional encoded particles for high-throughput biomolecule analysis. Science. 2007;315:1393–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang Y, Cheng H, Edwards RL, He Y, Kong X, An Z, et al. The Holocene Asian monsoon: links to solar changes and North Atlantic climate. Science. 2005;308:854–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Buchenau J. The Last Caudillo. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Bank R, Holst M, Widlund O, Xu J, editors. Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XX. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Takashima K. Efficiently Computable Distortion Maps for Supersingular Curves. In: Poorten AJ van der, Stein A, editors. Algorithmic Number Theory: 8th International Symposium, ANTS-VIII Banff, Canada, May 17-22, 2008 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. p. 88–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Cell International.

Blog post
1. Hale T. Unbelievable X-Rays Show Puppy Who Swallowed 8-Inch Kitchen Knife [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/unbelievable-xrays-show-puppy-who-swallowed-8inch-kitchen-knife/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. University Finances: Research Revenues and Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Sep. Report No.: 130998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Rajagopal S. Assessing water management impacts of climate change for a semi-arid watershed in the southwestern US [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Cooper M. Triumph and Tragedy by the Numbers. New York Times. 2017 May 5;AR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Cell International
AbbreviationCancer Cell Int.
ISSN (online)1475-2867
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics
Oncology

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