How to format your references using the Cancer Cell International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cancer Cell International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Ledford H. Turning back the clock. Nature. 2007;445:249.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Baumiller TK, Gahn FJ. Testing predator-driven evolution with Paleozoic crinoid arm regeneration. Science. 2004;305:1453–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ, Lyons TW. Long-term sedimentary recycling of rare sulphur isotope anomalies. Nature. 2013;497:100–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Mollereau B, Dominguez M, Webel R, Colley NJ, Keung B, de Celis JF, et al. Two-step process for photoreceptor formation in Drosophila. Nature. 2001;412:911–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Nagashima Y. Elementary Particle Physics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1. Wu GY, Sridhar S, editors. Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures in Gastroenterology: An Illustrated Guide. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Chang D, Yung M, Sung J, Hong S, Lee S. Preimage Attack on the Parallel FFT-Hashing Function. In: Pieprzyk J, Ghodosi H, Dawson E, editors. Information Security and Privacy: 12th Australasian Conference, ACISP 2007, Townsville, Australia, July 2-4, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 59–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cancer Cell International.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why Are Some Generic Drugs Getting So Expensive? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/why-are-some-generic-drugs-getting-so-expensive/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Higher Education: Use of New Data Could Help Improve Oversight of Distance Education. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Nov. Report No.: GAO-12-39.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Howard AG. Large margin transformation learning [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. European Debt Crisis Could Touch A.I.G. New York Times. 2010 May 22;B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCancer Cell International
AbbreviationCancer Cell Int.
ISSN (online)1475-2867
ScopeCancer Research
Genetics
Oncology

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