How to format your references using the Boundary Value Problems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Boundary Value Problems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hirth, G.: Earth science: Missing link in mantle dynamics. Nature. 507, 42–43 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Soutoglou, E., Misteli, T.: Activation of the cellular DNA damage response in the absence of DNA lesions. Science. 320, 1507–1510 (2008)
A journal article with 3 authors
Yohe, G., Andronova, N., Schlesinger, M.: Climate. To hedge or not against an uncertain climate future? Science. 306, 416–417 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Andrus, C.F.T., Crowe, D.E., Sandweiss, D.H., Reitz, E.J., Romanek, C.S.: Otolith delta 18O record of mid-Holocene sea surface temperatures in Peru. Science. 295, 1508–1511 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khouw, M.C., Guthner, M.W.: The Options Edge + Free Trial. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
Han, W.-S., Lee, M.L., Muliantara, A., Sanjaya, N.A., Thalheim, B., Zhou, S. eds: Database Systems for Advanced Applications: 19th International Conference, DASFAA 2014, International Workshops: BDMA, DaMEN, SIM3, UnCrowd; Bali, Indonesia, April 21--24, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Warrier, S.B., Kharkar, P.S.: Inverse Virtual Screening in Drug Repositioning: Detailed Investigation and Case Studies. In: Ramasami, P., Gupta Bhowon, M., Jhaumeer Laulloo, S., and Li Kam Wah, H. (eds.) Crystallizing Ideas – The Role of Chemistry. pp. 71–83. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Boundary Value Problems.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J.: Stunning New “Farewell To Pluto” Image Reminds Us How Awesome This World Is,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: [Federal Policies and Practices for Acquiring Information Technology Can Be Improved]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1984)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jackson, M.: Creating community in a dual immersion program: A grant writing project, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Steinhauer, J.: Long Critical of Trump’s Ideas, Republicans Now Applaud Them, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBoundary Value Problems
AbbreviationBound. Value Probl.
ISSN (online)1687-2770
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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