How to format your references using the Boundary Value Problems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Boundary Value Problems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P.: A global view. Nature. 435, 997 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Koentges, G., Matsuoka, T.: Evolution. Jaws of the fates. Science. 298, 371–373 (2002)
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, Y., Zhang, X., Cao, D.: The role of shape complementarity in the protein-protein interactions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3271 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rowsell, J.L.C., Spencer, E.C., Eckert, J., Howard, J.A.K., Yaghi, O.M.: Gas adsorption sites in a large-pore metal-organic framework. Science. 309, 1350–1354 (2005)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davis, T.G.: Java® and Mac OS® X. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA (2010)
An edited book
Bramer, M., Petridis, M., Coenen, F. eds: Research and Development in Intelligent Systems XXV: Proceedings of AI-2008, the Twenty-eighth SGAI International Conference on Innovative Techniques and Applications of Artificial Intelligence. Springer, London (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Perez-Ruiz, F., Herrero-Beites, A.M.: Prevention and Treatment of Inflammation in Gout. In: Herrero-Beites, A.M. (ed.) Managing Gout in Primary Care. pp. 53–66. Springer Healthcare Ltd., Tarporley (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Boundary Value Problems.

Blog post
Fang, J.: New Species of Giant Tortoise Found In The Galapagos,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Surface Transportation: Federal and State Efforts to Support Declining Intercity Bus Service. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murray, R.W.: The Florida Migrant Education Program: An analysis of programmatic and expenditure practices, (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F.: Where Stars Are Born and Flops Revealed, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBoundary Value Problems
AbbreviationBound. Value Probl.
ISSN (online)1687-2770
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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