How to format your references using the Boundary Value Problems citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Boundary Value Problems. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bevan, M.: Genomics: endless variation most beautiful. Nature. 477, 415–416 (2011)
A journal article with 2 authors
Reches, M., Gazit, E.: Casting metal nanowires within discrete self-assembled peptide nanotubes. Science. 300, 625–627 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Takahashi, J.S., Shimomura, K., Kumar, V.: Searching for genes underlying behavior: lessons from circadian rhythms. Science. 322, 909–912 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Berns, D.M., Rudner, M.S., Valenzuela, S.O., Berggren, K.K., Oliver, W.D., Levitov, L.S., Orlando, T.P.: Amplitude spectroscopy of a solid-state artificial atom. Nature. 455, 51–57 (2008)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garg, V.K.: Concurrent and Distributed Computing in Java. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Kacprzyk, J., Magnani, L., Li, P. eds: Model-Based Reasoning in Science, Technology, and Medicine. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Reinhart, G., Egbers, J.: Integrating Ability Limitations into Assembly System Design. In: ElMaraghy, H.A. (ed.) Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2011), Montreal, Canada, 2-5 October 2011. pp. 35–40. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Boundary Value Problems.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Dance of the Hundred Thousand Asteroids,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Meal Programs: Changes to Federal Agencies’ Procedures Could Reduce Risk of School Children Consuming Recalled Food. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2009)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laird, E.C.: Training social workers to use solution-focused interviewing with Child Protective Services clients: A grant proposal, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: Developing the Next Messi, (2010)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBoundary Value Problems
AbbreviationBound. Value Probl.
ISSN (online)1687-2770
ScopeAlgebra and Number Theory

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