How to format your references using the Colloid and Interface Science Communications citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Colloid and Interface Science Communications. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.S. Collins, The case for a US prospective cohort study of genes and environment, Nature. 429 (2004) 475–477.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Clausen, W. Junge, Detection of an intermediate of photosynthetic water oxidation, Nature. 430 (2004) 480–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.O.A. Sommer, G. Dantas, G.M. Church, Functional characterization of the antibiotic resistance reservoir in the human microflora, Science. 325 (2009) 1128–1131.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
K. Lin, J. Xing, L.N. Quan, F.P.G. de Arquer, X. Gong, J. Lu, L. Xie, W. Zhao, D. Zhang, C. Yan, W. Li, X. Liu, Y. Lu, J. Kirman, E.H. Sargent, Q. Xiong, Z. Wei, Perovskite light-emitting diodes with external quantum efficiency exceeding 20 per cent, Nature. 562 (2018) 245–248.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.V. Ahamed, Intelligent Internet Knowledge Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2006.
An edited book
A. Parker, Data-driven Generation of Policies, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
G. Yun, L. Zhao, Stochastic Discrete Damage Simulations of Laminate Composites, in: A.M. Beese, A.T. Zehnder, S. Xia (Eds.), Fracture, Fatigue, Failure and Damage Evolution, Volume 8: Proceedings of the 2015 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 35–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Colloid and Interface Science Communications.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Synthetic Human DNA Could Be Just 5 Years Away, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Ocean Research Fleet: NOAA Needs to Plan for Long-Term Fleet Requirements, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L. Lim, Dual-class vs. single-class firms: Information environment, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dominus, Singing Together Again, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleColloid and Interface Science Communications
AbbreviationColloids Interface Sci. Commun.
ISSN (print)2215-0382
Colloid and Surface Chemistry
Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Materials Chemistry
Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Other styles