How to format your references using the COPD Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for COPD Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Coping with the inevitable. Nature. 2004;430:1063.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Norio P, Schildkraut CL. Visualization of DNA replication on individual Epstein-Barr virus episomes. Science. 2001;294:2361–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Bustamante C, Bryant Z, Smith SB. Ten years of tension: single-molecule DNA mechanics. Nature. 2003;421:423–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Matheny SA, Chen C, Kortum RL, Razidlo GL, Lewis RE, White MA. Ras regulates assembly of mitogenic signalling complexes through the effector protein IMP. Nature. 2004;427:256–60.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Bauer E, Adams R, Eustace D. Beyond Redundancy. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1. Chen J, Xu ZC, Xu X-M, Zhang JH, editors. Animal Models of Acute Neurological Injuries. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Richardson HW, Pan Q, Gordon P, Park J, Moore JE. A Radiological Bomb Attack on the Downtown Los Angeles Financial District. In: Richardson HW, Pan Q, Park J, Moore JE II, editors. Regional Economic Impacts of Terrorist Attacks, Natural Disasters and Metropolitan Policies. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 65–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for COPD Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Elon Musk Hints At Sending Humans Beyond Mars With “Interplanetary Transport System” Spacecraft [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/elon-musk-hints-at-sending-humans-beyond-mars-with-interplanetary-transport-system-spacecraft/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA: Assessments of Major Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016 Mar. Report No.: GAO-16-309SP.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Woodard J. Emergent properties [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Crow K. Elegies for a Homeless Man By Friends He Left Behind. New York Times. 2001 Apr 15;147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCOPD Research and Practice
ISSN (online)2054-9040
Scope

Other styles