How to format your references using the COPD Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for COPD Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Davidson EH. Retrospective. Roy J. Britten (1919-2012). Science. 2012;335:1183.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Shine KP, Sturges WT. Atmospheric science. CO2 is not the only gas. Science. 2007;315:1804–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Xu K, Cao P, Heath JR. Graphene visualizes the first water adlayers on mica at ambient conditions. Science. 2010;329:1188–91.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Schumacher MA, Rivard AF, Bächinger HP, Adelman JP. Structure of the gating domain of a Ca2+-activated K+ channel complexed with Ca2+/calmodulin. Nature. 2001;410:1120–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Matloff R, Chaillou JH. Nonprofit Investment and Development Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Larsson L-I, editor. Cell Fusions: Regulation and Control. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Kusago T. A Sustainable Well-Being Initiative: Social Divisions and the Recovery Process in Minamata, Japan. In: Sirgy MJ, Phillips R, Rahtz D, editors. Community Quality-of-Life Indicators: Best Cases V. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 97–111.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for COPD Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Two Spectacular New Peacock Spiders Discovered in Queensland [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/two-spectacular-new-peacock-spiders-discovered-queensland/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA Space Suits. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-92-197R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Frederick K. Wool and Water [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1. Powell K. He’s Got It From Here. New York Times. 2017 Apr 19;M296.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCOPD Research and Practice
ISSN (online)2054-9040
Scope

Other styles