How to format your references using the COPD Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for COPD Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Kemp M. Science in culture: peas without pictures--Gregor Mendel and the mathematical birth of modern genetics. Nature. 2002;417:490.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Dijk D-J, Skeldon AC. Biological rhythms: Human sleep before the industrial era. Nature. 2015;527:176–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Flower TP, Gribble M, Ridley AR. Deception by flexible alarm mimicry in an African bird. Science. 2014;344:513–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. de Lucas M, Davière J-M, Rodríguez-Falcón M, Pontin M, Iglesias-Pedraz JM, Lorrain S, et al. A molecular framework for light and gibberellin control of cell elongation. Nature. 2008;451:480–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Peca SP. Real Estate Development and Investment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2009.
An edited book
1. Hähnel S, editor. Inflammatory Diseases of the Brain. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Agostoni C. Le basi nutrizionali dell’obesità. In: Giovannini M, Maffeis C, Molinari E, Scaglioni S, editors. Salute & equilibrio nutrizionale. Milano: Springer; 2006. p. 39–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for COPD Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Luntz S. New Paper Suggests Tatooine-type Planets Could Be Common [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/no-obstacle-tatooine-type-planets/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Motor Carrier Safety: Improvements to Data-Driven Oversight Could Better Target High Risk Carriers. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015 Mar. Report No.: GAO-15-433T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. McGowan HC. The military experience: Perceptions from senior military officers’ wives [Doctoral dissertation]. [Minneapolis, MN]: Capella University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wogan J. Beds and a Banana. New York Times. 2016 Nov 4;M236.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCOPD Research and Practice
ISSN (online)2054-9040
Scope

Other styles