How to format your references using the COPD Research and Practice citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for COPD Research and Practice. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Smaglik P. Back on track? Nature. 2004;430:381.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Li X, Yang Y. A novel perspective on seed yield of broad bean (Vicia faba L.): differences resulting from pod characteristics. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6859.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Roopnarine PD, Angielczyk KD, Hertog R. Comment on “Statistical independence of escalatory ecological trends in Phanerozoic marine invertebrates.” Science. 2006;314:925; author reply 925.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Sambrano GR, Weiss EJ, Zheng YW, Huang W, Coughlin SR. Role of thrombin signalling in platelets in haemostasis and thrombosis. Nature. 2001;413:74–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Chen ZN, Chia MYW. Broadband Planar Antennas. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2006.
An edited book
1. Senn H-J, Kapp U, Otto F, editors. Cancer Prevention II. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Haberdar H, Albayrak S. A Two-Stage Visual Turkish Sign Language Recognition System Based on Global and Local Features. In: Esposito F, Raś ZW, Malerba D, Semeraro G, editors. Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 16th International Symposium, ISMIS 2006, Bari, Italy, September 27-29, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 29–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for COPD Research and Practice.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Could One Million Smart Pool Pumps ‘Store’ Renewable Energy Better Than Giant Batteries? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/could-one-million-smart-pool-pumps-store-renewable-energy-better-giant-batteries/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: States Need Guidance on Sales or Leases of Real Property Purchased with Federal Funds. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 Dec. Report No.: GAO-03-207.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Penix-Tadsen P. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production [Doctoral dissertation]. [New York, NY]: Columbia University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times. 2017 Apr 6;C24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCOPD Research and Practice
ISSN (online)2054-9040
Scope

Other styles