How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman JM. 2000. Obesity in the new millennium. Nature. 404(6778): 632.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kuper A, Marks J. 2011. Anthropologists unite! Nature. 470(7333): 166.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hadders MA, Beringer DX, Gros P. 2007. Structure of C8alpha-MACPF reveals mechanism of membrane attack in complement immune defense. Science. 317(5844): 1552.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Demarest SJ, Martinez-Yamout M, Chung J, Chen H, Xu W, Dyson HJ, Evans RM, Wright PE. 2002. Mutual synergistic folding in recruitment of CBP/p300 by p160 nuclear receptor coactivators. Nature. 415(6871): 549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Soustelle M. Ionic and Electrochemical Equilibria. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. 2016.
An edited book
Komorowski J. ICAF 2011 Structural Integrity: Influence of Efficiency and Green Imperatives: Proceedings of the 26th Symposium of the International Committee on Aeronautical Fatigue, Montreal, Canada, 1-3 June 2011. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Ooi CC, Schindelhauer C. Energy-Efficient Distributed Target Tracking Using Wireless Relay Robots Distributed Autonomous Robotic Systems 8. H Asama, H Kurokawa, J Ota and K Sekiyama, ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. pp 39–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Bolivian Golden Bat Found To Be New To Science. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Propriety of Payment of Transportation and Travel Expenses. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tripamer AJ. Teacher Perceptions of Teacher Evaluations in the Fort Zumwalt School District. Doctoral dissertation Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. 2001. Preserving the Work of the Artful Tagger. New York Times. 143.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physics
AbbreviationCan. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0008-4204
ISSN (online)1208-6045
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

Other styles