How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondoh M. 2003. Foraging adaptation and the relationship between food-web complexity and stability. Science. 299(5611): 1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer PI, Smith MJ. 2014. Earth systems: Model human adaptation to climate change. Nature. 512(7515): 365.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dillin A, Crawford DK, Kenyon C. 2002. Timing requirements for insulin/IGF-1 signaling in C. elegans. Science. 298(5594): 830.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Hamm CE, Merkel R, Springer O, Jurkojc P, Maier C, Prechtel K, Smetacek V. 2003. Architecture and material properties of diatom shells provide effective mechanical protection. Nature. 421(6925): 841.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lipiansky E. Electrical, Electronics, and Digital Hardware Essentials for Scientists and Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. 2012.
An edited book
Dybkjær L, Minker W. Recent Trends in Discourse and Dialogue. vol 39 Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Alpay D, Colombo F, Sabadini I. Inner Product Spaces and Krein Spaces in the Quaternionic Setting Recent Advances in Inverse Scattering, Schur Analysis and Stochastic Processes: A Collection of Papers Dedicated to Lev Sakhnovich. Operator Theory: Advances and Applications D Alpay and B Kirstein, ed. Springer International Publishing, Cham. pp 33–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Read My Lips: Truly Empathic Robots Will Be A Long Time Coming. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Recommendation for Improving Testing of EF-111A Tactical Jamming System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley MK. A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district. Doctoral dissertation Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. 2016. Picking a Portfolio With Pokéballs. New York Times. BU19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physics
AbbreviationCan. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0008-4204
ISSN (online)1208-6045
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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