How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Physics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Physics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Forget F. 2004. Planetary science. Alien weather at the poles of Mars. Science. 306(5700): 1298.
A journal article with 2 authors
Giljohann DA, Mirkin CA. 2009. Drivers of biodiagnostic development. Nature. 462(7272): 461.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schuck C, Pernice WHP, Tang HX. 2013. Waveguide integrated low noise NbTiN nanowire single-photon detectors with milli-Hz dark count rate. Sci. Rep. 3: 1893.
A journal article with 10 or more authors
Tang C-B, Wu B, Wang J-B, Li X. 2014. Evolutionary origin of asymptotically stable consensus. Sci. Rep. 4: 4590.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kuehni RG. Color. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ. 2012.
An edited book
Middleton BA. Global Change and the Function and Distribution of Wetlands. vol 1 Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Flacks R, Thomas SL. ‘Outsiders’, Student Subcultures, and the Massification of Higher Education Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research. Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research J C Smart, ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht. pp 181–218.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Physics.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Researchers Are Developing GM Pigs For Animal-To-Human Organ Transplant. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: The Effect of Competition From Satellite Providers on Cable Rates. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn LK. Hiring manager’s consideration process for ex-offender job applicants: A grounded theory study. Doctoral dissertation Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2004. A Rock Telethon in Russia, Echoing the Mood of 9/11. New York Times. A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Physics
AbbreviationCan. J. Phys.
ISSN (print)0008-4204
ISSN (online)1208-6045
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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