How to format your references using the Annals of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Frenkel, D., 2002. Colloidal systems. Playing tricks with designer “atoms.” Science 296, 65–66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aitken, R.J., Marshall Graves, J.A., 2002. The future of sex. Nature 415, 963.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vander Heiden, M.G., Cantley, L.C., Thompson, C.B., 2009. Understanding the Warburg effect: the metabolic requirements of cell proliferation. Science 324, 1029–1033.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jin, F., Zeng, X., Liu, J., Jin, Y., Wang, L., Zhong, H., Yao, G., Huo, Z., 2014. Highly efficient and autocatalytic H2₂ dissociation for CO₂ reduction into formic acid with zinc. Sci. Rep. 4, 4503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barrett-Lennard, G.T., 2014. The Relationship Inventory. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Dronamraju, K.R., 2006. Malaria: Genetic and Evolutionary Aspects, Emerging Infectious Diseases of the 21st Century. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Poizat, P., Royer, J.-C., Salaün, G., 2006. Bounded Analysis and Decomposition for Behavioural Descriptions of Components, in: Gorrieri, R., Wehrheim, H. (Eds.), Formal Methods for Open Object-Based Distributed Systems: 8th IFIP WG 6.1 International Conference, FMOODS 2006, Bologna, Italy, June 14-16, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 33–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2015. ENORMOUS Tiger Shark Caught Off Australian Coast [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Alternative Jet Fuels: Federal Activities Support Development and Usage, but Long-term Commercial Viability Hinges on Market Factors (No. GAO-14-407). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gelbart, O., 2008. Integrated hardware/software approaches to software security for embedded systems (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. For $37.5 Million, the Piano Man’s Estate. New York Times LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Frenkel, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Aitken and Marshall Graves, 2002; Frenkel, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aitken and Marshall Graves, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jin et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agricultural Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1783

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