How to format your references using the Annals of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCook, A., 2011. Education: Rethinking PhDs. Nature 472, 280–282.
A journal article with 2 authors
Miller, T.M., Cleveland, D.W., 2005. Medicine. Treating neurodegenerative diseases with antibiotics. Science 307, 361–362.
A journal article with 3 authors
McCarty, K.F., Nobel, J.A., Bartelt, N.C., 2001. Vacancies in solids and the stability of surface morphology. Nature 412, 622–625.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hale, P., Makgoba, M.W., Merson, M.H., Quinn, T.C., Richman, D.D., Vella, S., Wabwire-Mangen, F., Wain-Hobson, S., Weiss, R.A., 2001. Success hinges on support for treatment. Nature 412, 272.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, D.J., 2005. Cinnolines and Phthalazines: Supplement II, Chemistry of Heterocyclic Compounds: A Series Of Monographs. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Landry, E., Rickles, D. (Eds.), 2012. Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality, The Western Ontario Series in Philosophy of Science. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kylliäinen, J.P., Ahonen, T., Nurmi, J., 2007. General-Purpose Embedded Processor Cores – The COFFEE RISC Example, in: Nurmi, J. (Ed.), Processor Design: System-on-Chip Computing for ASICs and FPGAs. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 83–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Nepal Nearly Doubled Their Tiger Population In Just Three Years [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Improper Use of Federal Student Aid Funds for Lobbying Activities (No. HRD-82-107). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, K.M., 2008. Diversity and evolution of 185/333, an immune -related gene family from the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Injuries Gain Attention As Football Feels Pain. New York Times B15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCook, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McCook, 2011; Miller and Cleveland, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Miller and Cleveland, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Hale et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agricultural Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1783

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