How to format your references using the Annals of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Norell, M.A., 2011. Paleontology. Fossilized feathers. Science 333, 1590–1591.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hulleman, C.S., Harackiewicz, J.M., 2009. Promoting interest and performance in high school science classes. Science 326, 1410–1412.
A journal article with 3 authors
Parens, E., Johnston, J., Moses, J., 2008. Ethics. Do we need “synthetic bioethics”? Science 321, 1449.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Brasier, M.D., Green, O.R., Jephcoat, A.P., Kleppe, A.K., Van Kranendonk, M.J., Lindsay, J.F., Steele, A., Grassineau, N.V., 2002. Questioning the evidence for Earth’s oldest fossils. Nature 416, 76–81.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, G., 2001. Bulletproofing TCP/IP-based Windows NT/2000 Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kolobov, A.V., 2016. Two-Dimensional Transition-Metal Dichalcogenides, Springer Series in Materials Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bauer, A., Baumgartner, P., Diller, M., Norrish, M., 2013. Tableaux for Verification of Data-Centric Processes, in: Galmiche, D., Larchey-Wendling, D. (Eds.), Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods: 22nd International Conference, TABLEAUX 2013, Nancy, France, September 16-19, 2013, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 28–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2016. Ancient Egyptian Human Fetus Discovered [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2008. Office of Personnel Management: Improvements Needed to Ensure Successful Retirement Systems Modernization (No. GAO-08-345). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grigoryan, A., 2015. Feedback 2.0 in online writing instruction: Combining audio-visual and text-based commentary to enhance student revision and writing competency (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LISA W. FODERARO; Reporting for this article was contributed by Ford Fessenden, as well as by Kathleen McGrory in Westchester, Akhtar, F., Sophia Chang on, Koblin, J., Nate Schweber in, Lazo, A., Connecticut, A.S. in, 2006. That Sound You Hear? The Market Coming Down to Earth. New York Times 14NJ6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Norell, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Hulleman and Harackiewicz, 2009; Norell, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hulleman and Harackiewicz, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Brasier et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agricultural Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1783

Other styles