How to format your references using the Annals of Agricultural Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Annals of Agricultural Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2009. State of energy. Nature 458, 1208–1209.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rabosky, D.L., Sorhannus, U., 2009. Diversity dynamics of marine planktonic diatoms across the Cenozoic. Nature 457, 183–186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kent, A., Massar, S., Silman, J., 2014. Secure and robust transmission and verification of unknown quantum states in Minkowski space. Sci. Rep. 4, 3901.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peng, G., Guo, Z., Kiniwa, Y., Voo, K.S., Peng, W., Fu, T., Wang, D.Y., Li, Y., Wang, H.Y., Wang, R.-F., 2005. Toll-like receptor 8-mediated reversal of CD4+ regulatory T cell function. Science 309, 1380–1384.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fernandes, R., 2014. Local and Regional Flaps in Head & Neck Reconstruction. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Klinger, B., 2013. Enterprising Psychometrics and Poverty Reduction, SpringerBriefs in Psychology. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
den Dunnen, W.F.A., Suurmeijer, A.J.H., Proença, R.V., Herzog, C., Groen, J.M., Greuter, M.J.W., Oudkerk, M., Schmermund, A., Möhlenkamp, S., Erbel, R., Witteman, J.C.M., Stillman, A.E., Halliburton, S.S., Kalender, W.A., McCollough, C.H., Shaw, L.J., Stanford, W., Taylor, A.J., van Ooijen, P.M.A., Wexler, L., Raggi, P., 2009. Non-Invasive Measurement of Coronary Atherosclerosis, in: Oudkerk, M., Reiser, M.F. (Eds.), Coronary Radiology, Medical Radiology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 205–295.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Annals of Agricultural Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Brown Bears Are Seriously Active Hunters And Feast On Caribou Calves [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Internet Management: Structured Evaluation Could Help Assess Proposed Transition of Key Domain Name and Other Technical Functions (No. GAO-15-642). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wicks, C.F., 2017. The Self-Concept of Students in Remediation in a Rural Community College in Mississippi (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cline, E.H., 2014. Climate Change Doomed the Ancients. New York Times A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rabosky and Sorhannus, 2009; Smaglik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rabosky and Sorhannus, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Peng et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleAnnals of Agricultural Sciences
AbbreviationAnn. Agric. Sci.
ISSN (print)0570-1783

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