How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Niu, Y. (2008). Geochemistry. The origin of alkaline lavas. Science 320, 883–884.
A journal article with 2 authors
Malakoff, D., and Cho, A. (2000). MILITARY RESEARCH: Researchers Target Flaws in Ballistic Missile Defense Plan. Science 288, 1940–1941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jacobs, S. S., Giulivi, C. F., and Mele, P. A. (2002). Freshening of the Ross Sea during the late 20th century. Science 297, 386–389.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Loomis, J., Fan, X., Khosravi, F., Xu, P., Fletcher, M., Cohn, R. W., et al. (2013). Graphene/elastomer composite-based photo-thermal nanopositioners. Sci. Rep. 3, 1900.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Goodhew, S. (2016). Sustainable Construction Processes. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Banerjee, S., Erçetin, Ş. Ş., and Tekin, A. eds. (2014). Chaos Theory in Politics. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao, D., McNamee, P., and Dredze, M. (2013). “Entity Linking: Finding Extracted Entities in a Knowledge Base,” in Multi-source, Multilingual Information Extraction and Summarization Theory and Applications of Natural Language Processing., eds. T. Poibeau, H. Saggion, J. Piskorski, and R. Yangarber (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 93–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Parasitic wasps must lay their eggs in the right fly, or else. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006). Space Acquisitions: DOD Needs Additional Knowledge as it Embarks on a New Approach for Transformational Satellite Communications System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramos, J. (2017). Surviving Childhood Bullying: Impact on Psychosocial Well-Being in Adulthood.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002). How AT&T Picks Plays: Tracking “Bright Ideas.” New York Times, F13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Niu, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Malakoff and Cho, 2000; Niu, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Malakoff and Cho, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Loomis et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oxidant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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