How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vohs, K. D. (2013). Psychology. The poor’s poor mental power. Science 341, 969–970.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale, J. E., and Earle, P. S. (2000). Fine-scale heterogeneity in the Earth’s inner core. Nature 404, 273–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Garcia, P., Armstrong, R., and Zaman, M. H. (2014). Models of education in medicine, public health, and engineering. Science 345, 1281–1283.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Furumoto, T., Yamaguchi, T., Ohshima-Ichie, Y., Nakamura, M., Tsuchida-Iwata, Y., Shimamura, M., et al. (2011). A plastidial sodium-dependent pyruvate transporter. Nature 476, 472–475.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saleh, S. A., and Rahman, M. A. (2010). An Introduction to Wavelet Modulated Inverters. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wane, N. N., Manyimo, E. L., and Ritskes, E. J. eds. (2011). Spirituality, Education & Society. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Kern, T. A., and Meckel, O. (2009). “Internal Structure of Haptic Systems,” in Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide for Engineers, ed. T. A. Kern (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 95–110.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). Astronomers Catch Surprise “Eclipse” Of Jupiter’s Moons. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993). Social Security: Telephone Busy Signal Rates at Local SSA Field Offices. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eisenberg, D. A. (2012). Effectiveness of an eel curriculum on student achievement for the California earth science standard on ocean currents A comparative analysis.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, K. (2007). Keep ’Em Coming. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vohs, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Vidale and Earle, 2000; Vohs, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale and Earle, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Furumoto et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oxidant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

Other styles