How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heilbron, J. L. (2002). Coming to terms. Nature 415, 585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff, E. W., and British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK. (2003). Ocean science. Whither Antarctic sea ice? Science 302, 1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huang, S., Lee, C.-T. A., and Yin, Q.-Z. (2014). Missing lead and high 3He/4He in ancient sulfides associated with continental crust formation. Sci. Rep. 4, 5314.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Miller, C., Thomsen, L. E., Gaggero, C., Mosseri, R., Ingmer, H., and Cohen, S. N. (2004). SOS response induction by beta-lactams and bacterial defense against antibiotic lethality. Science 305, 1629–1631.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Davino, C., Furno, M., and Vistocco, D. (2014). Quantile Regression: Theory and Applications. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Helms, L. L. ed. (2009). Potential Theory. London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Seki, S., and Matano, T. (2013). “Development of Vaccines Using SeV Vectors Against AIDS and Other Infectious Diseases,” in Sendai Virus Vector: Advantages and Applications, ed. Y. Nagai (Tokyo: Springer Japan), 127–149.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017). How Authentic Are Photographic Memories? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997). Air Traffic Control: Status of FAA’s Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System Project. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Policarpio, A. M. (2014). Interventions for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder, typically developing siblings, and parents: A systematic review of the literature.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chira, S. (2016). Can She Keep You Safe? New York Times, SR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heilbron, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Heilbron, 2002; Wolff and British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK., 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolff and British Antarctic Survey, High Cross, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0ET, UK., 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oxidant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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