How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Noffke, N. (2009). Journal club. An astrobiologist considers life’s oldest oxygen. Nature 457, 939.
A journal article with 2 authors
Affolter, M., and Basler, K. (2011). Cell biology. Cytonemes show their colors. Science 332, 312–313.
A journal article with 3 authors
Callou, C., Samzun, A., and Zivie, A. (2004). Archaeology: a lion found in the Egyptian tomb of Maïa. Nature 427, 211–212.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hou, Y., Du, X., Scheiner, S., McMeekin, D. P., Wang, Z., Li, N., et al. (2017). A generic interface to reduce the efficiency-stability-cost gap of perovskite solar cells. Science 358, 1192–1197.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Idelberger, K. (2011). The World of Footbridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Steland, A., Rafajłowicz, E., and Szajowski, K. eds. (2015). Stochastic Models, Statistics and Their Applications: Wrocław, Poland, February 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Tsumoto, S., and Abe, H. (2009). “Evaluation of a Classification Rule Mining Algorithm Based on Secondary Differences,” in Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 13th International Conference, KES 2009, Santiago, Chile, September 28-30, 2009, Proceedings, Part II Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. J. D. Velásquez, S. A. Ríos, R. J. Howlett, and L. C. Jain (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 24–31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017). Snake Quickly Regrets Attempt To Eat Porcupine. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Women in STEM Research: Federal Agencies Differ in the Data They Collect on Grant Applicants. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brookman, D. (2009). Establishing context for referents in online chatroom conversations.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J. (2016). Europe’s Parliament Votes to Suspend Talks With Turkey on Joining E.U. New York Times, A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Noffke, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Affolter and Basler, 2011; Noffke, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Affolter and Basler, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Hou et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oxidant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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