How to format your references using the Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baxter, S. (2000). From Caribbean to Clementine. Nature 403, 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Blake, C., and Wall, J. (2002). A velocity dipole in the distribution of radio galaxies. Nature 416, 150–152.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spillane, S. M., Kippenberg, T. J., and Vahala, K. J. (2002). Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity. Nature 415, 621–623.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Goldberg, A. V., Molik, S., Tsaousis, A. D., Neumann, K., Kuhnke, G., Delbac, F., et al. (2008). Localization and functionality of microsporidian iron-sulphur cluster assembly proteins. Nature 452, 624–628.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minoli, D. (2007). IP Multicast with Applications to IPTV and Mobile DVB-H. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Morales, P. J. (2013). Process Simulation and Parametric Modeling for Strategic Project Management. , ed. D. Anderson New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Sampath, P., and Wirsing, M. (2011). “Evaluation of Cost Based Best Practices in Business Processes,” in Enterprise, Business-Process and Information Systems Modeling: 12th International Conference, BPMDS 2011, and 16th International Conference, EMMSAD 2011, held at CAiSE 2011, London, UK, June 20-21, 2011. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing., eds. T. Halpin, S. Nurcan, J. Krogstie, P. Soffer, E. Proper, R. Schmidt, et al. (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 61–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Oxidant Physiology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2013). A ghostly trio of dying stars. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987). Aviation Safety: Is Re-regulation Needed To Improve Aviation Safety. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wisdom, V. (2015). Reverie: A portal to the numinous—an exploration into early childhood psychospiritual awareness.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, L., and Rodriguez, N. T. (2017). Gang Murders in the Suburbs. New York Times, MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baxter, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Baxter, 2000; Blake and Wall, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Blake and Wall, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Goldberg et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Oxidant Physiology
AbbreviationFront. Physiol.
ISSN (online)1664-042X
Physiology (medical)

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