How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ernst, M. O. (2010). Behavior. Decisions made better. Science (New York, N.Y.), 329(5995), 1022–1023.
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoon, S.-J., & Lee, Y.-W. (2002). An aligned stream of low-metallicity clusters in the halo of the Milky Way. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5581), 578–581.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meeusen, S., McCaffery, J. M., & Nunnari, J. (2004). Mitochondrial fusion intermediates revealed in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5691), 1747–1752.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Wang, B., Matsuoka, S., Carpenter, P. B., & Elledge, S. J. (2002). 53BP1, a mediator of the DNA damage checkpoint. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1435–1438.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Reiss, E., Shadomy, H. J., & Lyon, G. M., III. (2011). Fundamental Medical Mycology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hockenbery, D. M. (Ed.). (2016). Mitochondria and Cell Death. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Escolar, M. L., & Aldenhoven, M. (2013). Leukodystrophies and Lysosomal Storage Disorders. In J. J. Boelens & R. Wynn (Eds.), Stem Cell Therapy in Lysosomal Storage Diseases (pp. 63–125). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, May 13). Scientists Induce Lucid Dreaming With Electrical Stimulation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). TSA Acquisitions: Further Actions Needed to Improve Efficiency of Screening Technology Test and Evaluation (GAO-16-117). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Santos, E. (2019). Altruism in Psychotherapy: Altruistic Acts as an Adjunct to Psychotherapy [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Troy, T. (2017, July 8). How Conservatives Can Find Their Way. New York Times, SR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ernst, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Ernst, 2010; Yoon & Lee, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Yoon & Lee, 2002)
  • Three authors: (Meeusen et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Wang et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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