How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dehant, V. (2003). Planetary science. A liquid core for Mars? Science (New York, N.Y.), 300(5617), 260–261.
A journal article with 2 authors
Eaves, A. A., & Palmer, A. R. (2003). Reproduction: widespread cloning in echinoderm larvae. Nature, 425(6954), 146.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bloss, T. A., Witze, E. S., & Rothman, J. H. (2003). Suppression of CED-3-independent apoptosis by mitochondrial betaNAC in Caenorhabditis elegans. Nature, 424(6952), 1066–1071.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
de Montjoye, Y.-A., Hidalgo, C. A., Verleysen, M., & Blondel, V. D. (2013). Unique in the Crowd: The privacy bounds of human mobility. Scientific Reports, 3, 1376.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Magnasco, V. (2010). Models for Bonding in Chemistry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fidanova, S. (Ed.). (2013). Recent Advances in Computational Optimization (Vol. 470). Heidelberg: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Valderrama, A., Brodersen, S., & Jørgensen, U. (2016). Environment and Sustainability Challenges to Engineering Education in Denmark. In U. Jørgensen & S. Brodersen (Eds.), Engineering Professionalism: Engineering Practices in Work and Education (pp. 61–83). Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, May 18). Meet the New Blue and Purple Crayfish from Indonesia. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Examination Into Certain Contract Costs for the E-2C Aircraft Program (No. B-163058). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davenport, C. S. (2017). Dynamic Modeling Framework to Predict Instantaneous Status of a Tractor-Dolly System (Doctoral dissertation). Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2012, August 1). S.E.C. Suggests Reforms Of Municipal Bond Market. New York Times, p. B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dehant, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Dehant, 2003; Eaves & Palmer, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Eaves & Palmer, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Bloss, Witze, & Rothman, 2003)
  • 6 or more authors: (de Montjoye, Hidalgo, Verleysen, & Blondel, 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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