How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flannery, T. (2001). Geology. North American devastation or global cataclysm? Science (New York, N.Y.), 294(5547), 1668–1669.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aizer, A., & Currie, J. (2014). The intergenerational transmission of inequality: maternal disadvantage and health at birth. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6186), 856–861.
A journal article with 3 authors
Smith, S. J., Wigley, T. M., & Edmonds, J. (2000). CLIMATE: A New Route Toward Limiting Climate Change? Science (New York, N.Y.), 290(5494), 1109–1110.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Colantuoni, C., Lipska, B. K., Ye, T., Hyde, T. M., Tao, R., Leek, J. T., … Kleinman, J. E. (2011). Temporal dynamics and genetic control of transcription in the human prefrontal cortex. Nature, 478(7370), 519–523.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ketring, K. L., & Glaze, M. B. (2012). Atlas of Feline Ophthalmology. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Schättler, H. (2015). Optimal Control for Mathematical Models of Cancer Therapies: An Application of Geometric Methods (1st ed. 2015; U. Ledzewicz, Ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Benzaouia, A., Hmamed, A., & Tadeo, F. (2016). Robust Stabilization of Two-Dimensional Uncertain Systems. In A. Hmamed & F. Tadeo (Eds.), Two-Dimensional Systems: From Introduction to State of the Art (pp. 111–144). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, August 30). How A Nasty, Brain-Eating Parasite Could Help Us Fight Cancer. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from IFLScience website:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). FAA Systems: Serious Challenges Remain in Resolving Year 2000 and Computer Security Problems (No. T-AIMD-98-251). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Meeks, J. D. (2009). From the belly of the HUAC: The HUAC investigations of Hollywood, 1947–1952 (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J. R. (2017, May 25). The Light-Sensing Technology Carmakers Are Clamoring For. New York Times, p. B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Flannery, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Aizer & Currie, 2014; Flannery, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aizer & Currie, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Smith, Wigley, & Edmonds, 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Colantuoni et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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