How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairchild, A. L. (2006). Public health. Diabetes and disease surveillance. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5784), 175–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Clusella-Trullas, S., & Chown, S. L. (2011). Comment on “Erosion of lizard diversity by climate change and altered thermal niches.” Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6029), 537; author reply 537.
A journal article with 3 authors
Xiao, Y., Jiang, J., & Huang, H. (2014). Chemical dechlorination of hexachlorobenzene with polyethylene glycol and hydroxide: dominant effect of temperature and ionic potential. Scientific Reports, 4, 6305.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lu, C., Hu, X., Yang, H., & Gong, Q. (2014). Chip-integrated ultrawide-band all-optical logic comparator in plasmonic circuits. Scientific Reports, 4, 3869.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Levy, G., & Levin, B. (2014). The Biostatistics of Aging. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Kolymbas, D., & Viggiani, G. (Eds.). (2009). Mechanics of Natural Solids. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tiňo, P. (2011). One-Shot Learning of Poisson Distributions in Serial Analysis of Gene Expression. In D. Liu, H. Zhang, M. Polycarpou, C. Alippi, & H. He (Eds.), Advances in Neural Networks – ISNN 2011: 8th International Symposium on Neural Networks, ISNN 2011, Guilin, China, May 29–June 1, 2011, Proceedings, Part II (pp. 37–46). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 9). Northern Lights Shine Above Moosehead Lake, Maine, In Five-Hour Time-Lapse. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Hurricanes Katrina and Rita: Provision of Charitable Assistance (GAO-06-297T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vespa, M. C. (2013). System Identification and Compensation Using a Surface-Bristle Deflection Model [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell, M. (2017, June 5). Warriors Unleash Tornado of Talent, Turning the Finals Into a Breeze. New York Times, B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fairchild, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Clusella-Trullas & Chown, 2011; Fairchild, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Clusella-Trullas & Chown, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Xiao et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Lu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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