How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2003). A cold shoulder for stocks. Nature, 421(6923), 671.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zachariah, M. A., & Cyster, J. G. (2010). Neural crest-derived pericytes promote egress of mature thymocytes at the corticomedullary junction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5982), 1129–1135.
A journal article with 3 authors
Reber, M., Burrola, P., & Lemke, G. (2004). A relative signalling model for the formation of a topographic neural map. Nature, 431(7010), 847–853.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, J., Wang, G., Zhu, H., Zhang, M., Zheng, X., Di, Z., Liu, X., & Wang, X. (2014). Antibacterial activity of large-area monolayer graphene film manipulated by charge transfer. Scientific Reports, 4, 4359.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fraser, J., & Simkins, B. J. (2009). Enterprise Risk Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Abraham, A., Grosan, C., & Ramos, V. (Eds.). (2006). Swarm Intelligence in Data Mining (Vol. 34). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Barney, H. T., Aurum, A., Low, G. C., & Wang, K. (2013). Investigating Post-outsourcing Decisions: Using the Intellectual Capital View. In H. Linger, J. Fisher, A. Barnden, C. Barry, M. Lang, & C. Schneider (Eds.), Building Sustainable Information Systems: Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Systems Development (pp. 63–75). Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. (2017, May 17). Scientists Use Snail Genomics To Fight Deadly Parasitic Disease. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1983). Response to Specific Questions on the Indian Point Probabilistic Safety Study (RCED-83-158). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ravilla, S. (2013). Correlation between diabetes and periodontitis [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. (2016, August 17). As Jaded as Bill Murray Trapped in a Time Warp. New York Times, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2003; Zachariah & Cyster, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zachariah & Cyster, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Reber et al., 2004)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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