How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Venema, L. (2005). Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 3. Nature, 433(7025), 463.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cobey, S., & Lipsitch, M. (2012). Niche and neutral effects of acquired immunity permit coexistence of pneumococcal serotypes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6074), 1376–1380.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, B., Yu, Z.-H., & Fei, S.-M. (2013). Geometry of quantum computation with qutrits. Scientific Reports, 3, 2594.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Vatanen, T., Franzosa, E. A., Schwager, R., Tripathi, S., Arthur, T. D., Vehik, K., … Xavier, R. J. (2018). The human gut microbiome in early-onset type 1 diabetes from the TEDDY study. Nature, 562(7728), 589–594.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Römer, H. (2004). Theoretical Optics. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz, M., Rybinski, H., Skowron, A., & Raś, Z. W. (Eds.). (2011). Foundations of Intelligent Systems: 19th International Symposium, ISMIS 2011, Warsaw, Poland, June 28-30, 2011. Proceedings (Vol. 6804). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Pye, K., & Tsoar, H. (2009). Mechanics of Aeolian Sand Transport. In H. Tsoar (Ed.), Aeolian Sand and Sand Dunes (pp. 99–139). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2015, January 21). Mysterious Primordial Shark Caught In Waters Off Australia. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/frilled-shark-thrills-trawlers/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1984). U.S. and Soviet Bloc Training of Latin American and Caribbean Students: Considerations in Developing Future U.S. Programs (No. NSIAD-84-109). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stevens, J. W. (2008). Perception of counselor ethical behavior: A quantitative look at dual relationships in Maine (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, September 7). She Beat Her Stresses. Now Can She Beat Venus? New York Times, p. B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Triendl, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bartlett, 2014; Tanabe, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cobey & Lipsitch, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Li, Yu, & Fei, 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bond et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

Other styles