How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MacMillan, D. W. C. (2008). The advent and development of organocatalysis. Nature, 455(7211), 304–308.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kiberstis, P., & Marshall, E. (2011). Cancer crusade at 40. Celebrating an anniversary. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6024), 1539.
A journal article with 3 authors
Collins, P. G., Arnold, M. S., & Avouris, P. (2001). Engineering carbon nanotubes and nanotube circuits using electrical breakdown. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5517), 706–709.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yang, Z., Xu, Y., Xu, T., Hoy, C. W., Handwerker, D. A., Chen, G., Northoff, G., Zuo, X.-N., & Bandettini, P. A. (2014). Brain network informed subject community detection in early-onset schizophrenia. Scientific Reports, 4, 5549.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kaschke, M., Donnerhacke, K.-H., & Rill, M. S. (2014). Optical Devices in Ophthalmology and Optometry. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Zhou, H. (2015). Cooperative Vehicular Communications in the Drive-thru Internet (L. Gui, Q. Yu, & X. (sherman) Shen, Eds.). Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Woo, H. (2014). River Restoration. In L. K. Wang & C. T. Yang (Eds.), Modern Water Resources Engineering (pp. 237–277). Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, August 29). World’s Most Powerful Deep Space Rocket Set To Launch In 2018. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1991). Working Comfortably With Video Display Terminals (144505). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charpentier, D. T. (2017). Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Glanz, J., & Armendariz, A. (2017, March 8). Years of Questions, but Researcher Gets a Pass. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (MacMillan, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kiberstis & Marshall, 2011; MacMillan, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kiberstis & Marshall, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Collins et al., 2001)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Behavioural Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Behav. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-400X
ISSN (online)1879-2669
ScopeGeneral Psychology

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