How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Animal Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Martin, J. 2011. Perspective: Don’t foul the water. Nature 474: S17.
A journal article with 2 authors
McMichael, A., and Klenerman, P. 2002. HIV/AIDS. HLA leaves its footprints on HIV. Science 296: 1410–1411.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tarduno, J.A., Cottrell, R.D., and Smirnov, A.V. 2001. High geomagnetic intensity during the mid-Cretaceous from Thellier analyses of single plagioclase crystals. Science 291: 1779–1783.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Garner, E.C., Campbell, C.S., Weibel, D.B., and Mullins, R.D. 2007. Reconstitution of DNA segregation driven by assembly of a prokaryotic actin homolog. Science 315: 1270–1274.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dodson, B., Hammett, P.C., and Klerx, R. 2014. Probabilistic Design for Optimization and Robustness for Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Alvarez, H.M. (ed.) 2010. Biology of Rhodococcus. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Remy, E., Mossé, B., and Thieffry, D. 2016. Boolean Dynamics of Compound Regulatory circuits. Pages 43–53 in A. Rogato, V. Zazzu, and M. Guarracino, eds. Dynamics of Mathematical Models in Biology: Bringing Mathematics to Life. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Fang, J. 2014.July 11. Seven Dwarf Galaxies Discovered. IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990. Tax System Modernization: IRS’ Challenge for the 21st Century. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, R.A. 2010. Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2016.July 21. The Sideline as Studio. New York Times: C17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Martin 2011).
This sentence cites two references (McMichael and Klenerman 2002; Martin 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McMichael and Klenerman 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Garner et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Animal Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-3984
ISSN (online)1918-1825
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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