How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Animal Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blank, D.A. 2008. Chemistry. A sideways glance at chemical reactivity. Science 322: 1056–1057.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sfeir, A., and de Lange, T. 2012. Removal of shelterin reveals the telomere end-protection problem. Science 336: 593–597.
A journal article with 3 authors
Prins, M.W., Welters, W.J., and Weekamp, J.W. 2001. Fluid control in multichannel structures by electrocapillary pressure. Science 291: 277–280.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Peruzzo, A., Lobino, M., Matthews, J.C.F., Matsuda, N., Politi, A., Poulios, K., Zhou, X.-Q., Lahini, Y., Ismail, N., Wörhoff, K., Bromberg, Y., Silberberg, Y., Thompson, M.G., and OBrien, J.L. 2010. Quantum walks of correlated photons. Science 329: 1500–1503.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Werner, M. 2015. Global Displacements. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Fumagalli, E. 2007. Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail. Edited ByL.L. Schiavo and F. Delestre. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Gouma, D.J. 2014. Diagnosis and Treatment of Major Abdominal Complications Is Multidisciplinary Work. Pages 19–25 in M.A. Cuesta and H.J. Bonjer, eds. Treatment of Postoperative Complications After Digestive Surgery. Springer, London.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.June 19. Baboons Don’t Play Follow The Leader – They’re Democratic Travellers. IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1985. Use of the Public Law 94-142 Set-Aside Shows Both the Flexibility Intended by the Law and the Need for Improved Reporting. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salam, S. 2017. Interplay between Fines Content and Strength Characteristics of CA 6 and CA 2 Crushed Limestone Aggregate. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. 2014.October 24. Friday File. New York Times: C31.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blank 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blank 2008; Sfeir and de Lange 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sfeir and de Lange 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Peruzzo et al. 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Animal Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-3984
ISSN (online)1918-1825
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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