How to format your references using the Canadian Journal of Animal Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Journal of Animal Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard, C. 2010. Tiny steps towards an HIV vaccine. Nature 466: S8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho, M.K., and Relman, D.A. 2010. Genetic technologies. Synthetic “life,” ethics, national security, and public discourse. Science 329: 38–39.
A journal article with 3 authors
Suma, K., Sumiyoshi, Y., and Endo, Y. 2005. The rotational spectrum and structure of the HOOO radical. Science 308: 1885–1886.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Quiroga, R.Q., Reddy, L., Kreiman, G., Koch, C., and Fried, I. 2005. Invariant visual representation by single neurons in the human brain. Nature 435: 1102–1107.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS) 2011. Supplemental Proceedings. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Tatnall, A., Okamoto, T., and Visscher, A. (eds.) 2007. Knowledge Management for Educational Innovation: IFIP WG 3.7 7th Conference on Information Technology in Educational Management (ITEM), Hamamatsu, Japan, July 23–26, 2006. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Colombo, G.F., and Dragoni, M. 2016. The Legal Protection of Software in Japan—An Original Model? Pages 67–88 in G. Bellantuono and F.T. Lara, eds. Law, Development and Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Journal of Animal Science.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015.October 8. How Neutrinos, Which Barely Exist, Just Ran Off With Another Nobel Prize. IFLScience. [Online] Available: [2018 Oct. 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1990. Forest Service Not Ready to Acquire a Nationwide Geographic Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. 2010. Grant proposal: Providing effective screening, training, and supervision for an at-risk youth mentoring program. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. 2011.April 10. Gasps From the Grandstand After the Invoice Arrives. New York Times: SP9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Willyard 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cho and Relman 2010; Willyard 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cho and Relman 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Quiroga et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Journal of Animal Science
AbbreviationCan. J. Anim. Sci.
ISSN (print)0008-3984
ISSN (online)1918-1825
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Food Animals

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