How to format your references using the Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Agnew B. RESEARCH ETHICS: Studies Trace Patchwork of Conflict Policies. Science 2000;290:1873a.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hébert SS, De Strooper B. Molecular biology. miRNAs in neurodegeneration. Science 2007;317:1179–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Villar G, Graham AD, Bayley H. A tissue-like printed material. Science 2013;340:48–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Haugan T, Barnes PN, Wheeler R, Meisenkothen F, Sumption M. Addition of nanoparticle dispersions to enhance flux pinning of the YBa2Cu3O7-x superconductor. Nature 2004;430:867–70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Petrucelli JR, Peters JR. Preventing Fraud and Mismanagement in Government. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Chee YM, Guo Z, Ling S, Shao F, Tang Y, Wang H, et al., editors. Coding and Cryptology: Third International Workshop, IWCC 2011, Qingdao, China, May 30-June 3, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 6639. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Korporal A, Regensburger G. Composing and Factoring Generalized Green’s Operators and Ordinary Boundary Problems. In: Barkatou M, Cluzeau T, Regensburger G, Rosenkranz M, editors. Algebraic and Algorithmic Aspects of Differential and Integral Operators: 5th International Meeting, AADIOS 2012, Held at the Applications of Computer Algebra Conference, ACA 2012, Sofia, Bulgaria, June 25-28, 2012, Selected and Invited Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014, p. 116–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Canadian Association of Radiologists Journal.

Blog post
[1]
Andrews R. AI Machine Has Same IQ As Four-Year-Old Child. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/ai-has-same-iq-four-year-old-child/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Borrower Interest Rates Cannot Be Set in Advance to Precisely and Consistently Balance Federal Revenues and Costs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Bowman K. A Close Look at the 2014 Passage of the Illinois County School Facility Sales Tax in Greene County. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Murphy MJO. Two Momentous Occasions in New York History. New York Times 2016:C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCanadian Association of Radiologists Journal
AbbreviationCan. Assoc. Radiol. J.
ISSN (print)0846-5371
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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