How to format your references using the Engineering Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gisin, N., 2006. Physics. New additions to the Schrödinger cat family. Science 312, 63–64.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sugita, M., Shiba, Y., 2005. Genetic tracing shows segregation of taste neuronal circuitries for bitter and sweet. Science 309, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kossin, J.P., Emanuel, K.A., Vecchi, G.A., 2014. The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature 509, 349–352.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Bodiselitsch, B., Koeberl, C., Master, S., Reimold, W.U., 2005. Estimating duration and intensity of Neoproterozoic snowball glaciations from Ir anomalies. Science 308, 239–242.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Krause, T.R., 2005. Leading with Safety. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
de la Garza-Salazar, J.G., Meneses-Garcia, A., Arce-Salinas, C. (Eds.), 2013. Inflammatory Breast Cancer. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Ronit, K., 2014. Global Business Associations, Self-Regulation and Consumer Policy, in: Lang, A., Murphy, H. (Eds.), Business and Sustainability: Between Government Pressure and Self-Regulation, Sustainability and Innovation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Ebola Survivors Should Use Condoms Indefinitely [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. DOD Schools: Limitations in DOD-Sponsored Study on Transfer Alternatives Underscore Need for Additional Assessment (No. GAO-05-469). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson, T., 2010. Assessing the determinants of information technology adoption in Jamaica’s public sector using the technology acceptance model (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sugin, L., 2013. The Furtive Tax. New York Times SR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gisin, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Gisin, 2006; Sugita and Shiba, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sugita and Shiba, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Bodiselitsch et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology
AbbreviationEng. Geol.
ISSN (print)0013-7952
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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