How to format your references using the Engineering Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2010. World view: ERA of austerity. Nature 466, 314.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shang, Y., Brown, M., 2002. Molecular determinants for the tissue specificity of SERMs. Science 295, 2465–2468.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gilg, O., Hanski, I., Sittler, B., 2003. Cyclic dynamics in a simple vertebrate predator-prey community. Science 302, 866–868.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Roche, S., Bressanelli, S., Rey, F.A., Gaudin, Y., 2006. Crystal structure of the low-pH form of the vesicular stomatitis virus glycoprotein G. Science 313, 187–191.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kimball, R., Ross, M., 2015. The Kimball Group Reader. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Hayat, S., Ahmad, A. (Eds.), 2007. Salicylic Acid: A Plant Hormone. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, S.-B., 2014. On Effective Causal Learning, in: Goertzel, B., Orseau, L., Snaider, J. (Eds.), Artificial General Intelligence: 7th International Conference, AGI 2014, Quebec City, QC, Canada, August 1-4, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. From Rockets To Space Toilets: Unique Exhibition Celebrates Soviet Cosmonauts [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Aviation Safety: Preliminary Information on Aircraft Icing and Winter Operations (No. GAO-10-441T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jones, G., 2009. The impact of song on repeated reading: An examination of comprehension, fluency, and engagement with texts of Hispanic second graders in a Title I urban school (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by, 2005. Arts, Briefly; Russian Art Sets Records in London. New York Times B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain, 2010; Shang and Brown, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shang and Brown, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Roche et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology
AbbreviationEng. Geol.
ISSN (print)0013-7952
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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