How to format your references using the Engineering Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gong, J.P., 2014. Materials science. Materials both tough and soft. Science 344, 161–162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Baumiller, T.K., Gahn, F.J., 2004. Testing predator-driven evolution with Paleozoic crinoid arm regeneration. Science 305, 1453–1455.
A journal article with 3 authors
Day, M., Langston, R., Morris, R.G.M., 2003. Glutamate-receptor-mediated encoding and retrieval of paired-associate learning. Nature 424, 205–209.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, K.-M., Lu, Y.-H., Feng, H.-Q., Jiang, Y.-Y., Zhao, J.-Z., 2008. Suppression of cotton bollworm in multiple crops in China in areas with Bt toxin-containing cotton. Science 321, 1676–1678.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ramamoorti, S., Morrison, D.E., III, Koletar, J.W., Pope, K.R., 2013. A.B.C.’s of Behavioral Forensics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Toussaint, L., Worthington, E., Williams, D.R. (Eds.), 2015. Forgiveness and Health: Scientific Evidence and Theories Relating Forgiveness to Better Health, 1st ed. 2015. ed. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Roederer, J., Zhang, H., 2014. Particle Fluxes, Distribution Functions and Violation of Invariants, in: Zhang, H. (Ed.), Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles: Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas, Astrophysics and Space Science Library. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 89–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2016. Scientists Have Discovered Why Carrots Are Orange [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Human Factors: FAA’s Guidance and Oversight of Pilot Crew Resource Management Training Can Be Improved (No. RCED-98-7). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ramey, J.D., 2013. A Case Study: Achievement Studies of Persistent, Transitional, and Transient Populations within the Blitz Program Model at a Large Midwestern Elementary School (Doctoral dissertation). Lindenwood University, St. Charles, MO.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grimes, W., 2015. Eldar Ryazanov, 88, Dies; Famed Russian Director Was a Master of Satire. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gong, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Baumiller and Gahn, 2004; Gong, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Baumiller and Gahn, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology
AbbreviationEng. Geol.
ISSN (print)0013-7952
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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