How to format your references using the Engineering Geology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Engineering Geology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schaffer, S., 2011. The laird of physics. Nature 471, 289–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ge, X., He, S., 2014. Experimental realization of an open cavity. Sci. Rep. 4, 5965.
A journal article with 3 authors
Vogelstein, B., Alberts, B., Shine, K., 2002. Genetics. Please don’t call it cloning! Science 295, 1237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang, H., Keum, J.K., Hiltner, A., Baer, E., Freeman, B., Rozanski, A., Galeski, A., 2009. Confined crystallization of polyethylene oxide in nanolayer assemblies. Science 323, 757–760.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minenna, M., 2016. The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Preedy, V.R. (Ed.), 2012. Handbook of hair in health and disease, Human Health Handbooks no. 1. Wageningen Academic Publishers, Wageningen.
A chapter in an edited book
Bukovac Puvača, M., Mihelčić, G., Tuhtan Grgić, I., 2016. Can Financial Crisis Lead to the Application of the Institute of Changed Circumstances Under Croatian Law?, in: Başoğlu, B. (Ed.), The Effects of Financial Crises on the Binding Force of Contracts - Renegotiation, Rescission or Revision, Ius Comparatum - Global Studies in Comparative Law. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 83–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Engineering Geology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How Dangerous Is The Sodium Cyanide Found At The Chinese Explosion Site? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2005. Special Education: Children With Autism (No. GAO-05-220). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khatib, E., 2010. A phenomenological study on the potential impact of implementing information systems in midsize corporations (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wines, M., Fernandez, M., 2016. Stricter Rules Over Voter IDs Reshape Races. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schaffer, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ge and He, 2014; Schaffer, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ge and He, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Wang et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEngineering Geology
AbbreviationEng. Geol.
ISSN (print)0013-7952
Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology

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