How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Petley, D. N. (2013). Geophysics. Characterizing giant landslides. Science (New York, N.Y.), 339(6126), 1395–1396.
A journal article with 2 authors
Phipps, R. J., & Gaunt, M. J. (2009). A meta-selective copper-catalyzed C-H bond arylation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5921), 1593–1597.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lustig, R. H., Schmidt, L. A., & Brindis, C. D. (2012). Public health: The toxic truth about sugar. Nature, 482(7383), 27–29.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zaidi, M. R., Davis, S., Noonan, F. P., Graff-Cherry, C., Hawley, T. S., Walker, R. L., et al. (2011). Interferon-γ links ultraviolet radiation to melanomagenesis in mice. Nature, 469(7331), 548–553.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lu, M. (2005). Arithmetic and Logic in Computer Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Przytycka, T. M. (Ed.). (2015). Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings (Vol. 9029). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kibler, B., Fatome, J., Finot, C., & Millot, G. (2016). Experiments on Breathers in Nonlinear Fibre Optics. In M. Onorato, S. Resitori, & F. Baronio (Eds.), Rogue and Shock Waves in Nonlinear Dispersive Media (pp. 89–115). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, March 26). DNA Tests Uncover Evidence Of Infidelity In Royal Family Tree. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service: Pseudorabies in Swine and Payment of Indemnity (No. OGC-99-31). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sutton, D. L. (2010). Preparing instrumental teachers: A resource for volunteer, lay music teachers in Salvation Army churches (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. (2011, March 6). Underdog’s Feat Is Inspiration for Cricket’s Dreamers. New York Times, p. SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Petley, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Petley, 2013; Phipps & Gaunt, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Phipps & Gaunt, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zaidi et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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