How to format your references using the Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burkard, G. (2010). Physics. Splitting spin states on a chip. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5966), 650–651.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tokuriki, N., & Tawfik, D. S. (2009). Protein dynamism and evolvability. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5924), 203–207.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shen, Y., Knoll, A. H., & Walter, M. R. (2003). Evidence for low sulphate and anoxia in a mid-Proterozoic marine basin. Nature, 423(6940), 632–635.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shan, Z., Stach, E. A., Wiezorek, J. M. K., Knapp, J. A., Follstaedt, D. M., & Mao, S. X. (2004). Grain boundary-mediated plasticity in nanocrystalline nickel. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5684), 654–657.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Basset, P., Blokhina, E., & Galayko, D. (2016). Electrostatic Kinetic Energy Harvesting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Schauer, P. R., Schirmer, B. D., & Brethauer, S. A. (Eds.). (2007). Minimally Invasive Bariatric Surgery. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
García-Alcaraz, J. L., & Maldonado-Macías, A. A. (2016). Causes of Slow Implementation of JIT. In A. A. M. Macías (Ed.), Just-in-Time Elements and Benefits (pp. 75–85). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, June 24). Comet 67P Smells Like Cat Pee, Almonds, And Rotten Eggs. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Truck Safety: Effectiveness of Motor Carriers Office Hampered by Data Problems and Slow Progress on Implementing Safety Initiatives (No. T-RCED-99-122). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort, P. S. (2013). A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, August 21). Mets Come Out Swinging Like Contenders. New York Times, p. SP2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Burkard, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Burkard, 2010; Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tokuriki & Tawfik, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Shan et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Geophysical Research: Planets
AbbreviationJ. Geophys. Res. Planets
ISSN (print)2169-9097
ISSN (online)2169-9100

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