How to format your references using the Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Byatt, A.S., 2005. Fiction informed by science. Nature 434, 294–297.
A journal article with 2 authors
Onishi, K.H., Baillargeon, R., 2005. Do 15-month-old infants understand false beliefs? Science 308, 255–258.
A journal article with 3 authors
Whiteman, G., Hope, C., Wadhams, P., 2013. Vast costs of Arctic change. Nature 499, 401–403.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kobatake, S., Takami, S., Muto, H., Ishikawa, T., Irie, M., 2007. Rapid and reversible shape changes of molecular crystals on photoirradiation. Nature 446, 778–781.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schaik, C.P.V., 2015. The Primate Origins of Human Nature. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zha, H., Taniguchi, R.-I., Maybank, S. (Eds.), 2010. Computer Vision – ACCV 2009: 9th Asian Conference on Computer Vision, Xi’an, September 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers, Part II, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chou, E., Güntürk, C.S., Krahmer, F., Saab, R., Yılmaz, Ö., 2015. Noise-Shaping Quantization Methods for Frame-Based and Compressive Sampling Systems, in: Pfander, G.E. (Ed.), Sampling Theory, a Renaissance: Compressive Sensing and Other Developments, Applied and Numerical Harmonic Analysis. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 157–184.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Oral Contraceptive Pill Could Be Altering The Physical Structure Of Your Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. Comments on H.R. 6228 (No. 112145). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Graves, K.A., 2012. An Exploration of Organizational Commitment among Generation X Leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis, A., 2014. A Play Is Set in a Hospital, in Two Ways. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Byatt, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Byatt, 2005; Onishi and Baillargeon, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Onishi and Baillargeon, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kobatake et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry
ISSN (print)1611-5864

Other styles