How to format your references using the Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barrett, T.A., 2012. Developmental biology. Intestinal wound healing requires a Wnt balancing act. Science 338, 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jox, R., Gewin, V., 2003. Engineering your own path. Nature 425, 327.
A journal article with 3 authors
Killian, N.J., Jutras, M.J., Buffalo, E.A., 2012. A map of visual space in the primate entorhinal cortex. Nature 491, 761–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mah, T.-F., Pitts, B., Pellock, B., Walker, G.C., Stewart, P.S., O’Toole, G.A., 2003. A genetic basis for Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm antibiotic resistance. Nature 426, 306–310.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Woolf, V., 2012. The Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Poleshchuk, O., 2011. Expert Fuzzy Information Processing, Studies in Fuzziness and Soft Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Solé, M., Carmona, J., 2012. An SMT-Based Discovery Algorithm for C-Nets, in: Haddad, S., Pomello, L. (Eds.), Application and Theory of Petri Nets: 33rd International Conference, PETRI NETS 2012, Hamburg, Germany, June 25-29, 2012. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 51–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016. Could The Big Bang Actually Be A Big Bounce? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest (No. GAO-04-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valencia, G.M., 2015. A Phenomenological Study of Adults Earning a Graduate Degree after Age 60 (Doctoral dissertation). University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2012. Fierce Debt Puts Pensions at Risk In Puerto Rico. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barrett, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Barrett, 2012, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jox and Gewin, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Mah et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry
ISSN (print)1611-5864

Other styles