How to format your references using the Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Trounson, A., 2012. Keith H. Campbell (1954-2012). Nature 491, 193.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palmer, M.R., Pearson, P.N., 2003. A 23,000-year record of surface water pH and PCO2 in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean. Science 300, 480–482.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grover, T., Sheng, D.N., Vishwanath, A., 2014. Emergent space-time supersymmetry at the boundary of a topological phase. Science 344, 280–283.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, X., Lee, R., Chen, T., Luo, J., Lu, Y., Huang, K.-W., 2013. Kinetic evidence of an apparent negative activation enthalpy in an organocatalytic process. Sci. Rep. 3, 2557.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jenkinson, J., Hyde, T., Ahmad, S., 2008. Building Blocks for Learning: Occupational Therapy Approaches. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, United Kingdom.
An edited book
Levison, S.W. (Ed.), 2006. Mammalian Subventricular Zones: Their Roles in Brain Development, Cell Replacement and Disease. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Ramalho-Santos, J., Rodrigues, A.S., 2013. From Oocytes and Pluripotent Stem Cells to Fully Differentiated Fates: (Also) a Mitochondrial Odyssey, in: St. John, J.C. (Ed.), Mitochondrial DNA, Mitochondria, Disease and Stem Cells. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. What Type Of Nuclear Weapon Did North Korea Just Detonate? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. NASA Procurement: Contract Management Oversight (No. NSIAD-97-114R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Petrovic, V., 2017. The K(n)-local E n-Adams Spectral Sequence and a Cohomological Approximation of its E2-term (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., 2016. Perseverance Pays for Ward, a New Champion and, Maybe, the Sport’s Next Big Star. New York Times D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Trounson, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Palmer and Pearson, 2003; Trounson, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Palmer and Pearson, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Han et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry
ISSN (print)1611-5864

Other styles