How to format your references using the Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe, H., 2000. European public remains sceptical. Nature 405, 5.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Brien, T.G., Kinnaird, M.F., 2003. Conservation. Caffeine and conservation. Science 300, 587.
A journal article with 3 authors
Berg, E., Metlitski, M.A., Sachdev, S., 2012. Sign-problem-free quantum Monte Carlo of the onset of antiferromagnetism in metals. Science 338, 1606–1609.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hedges, L.M., Brownlie, J.C., O’Neill, S.L., Johnson, K.N., 2008. Wolbachia and virus protection in insects. Science 322, 702.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
van Bosse, J.G., 2002. Signaling in Telecommunication Networks. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Nasr, E.A., 2007. Computer-Based Design and Manufacturing: An Information-Based Approach. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Abel, A., 2006. Semi-continuous Sized Types and Termination, in: Ésik, Z. (Ed.), Computer Science Logic: 20th International Workshop, CSL 2006, 15th Annual Conference of the EACSL, Szeged, Hungary, September 25-29, 2006. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 72–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Edward Snowden Says Encryption May Stop Us From Finding Aliens [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. The Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (No. 113316). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Charpentier, D.T., 2017. Why Dey Talk Like Dat?: A Study of the Status of Cajun English as a Dialect or an Accent (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon, J., Cacciola, S., 2016. Player’s Protest Revives a Spirit of Activism From the Days of Ali. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McCabe, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (McCabe, 2000; O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Brien and Kinnaird, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Hedges et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry
ISSN (print)1611-5864

Other styles