How to format your references using the Geochemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Geochemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubbia, C., 2011. Simon van der Meer (1925-2011). Nature 472, 170.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thompson, A., Kanamarlapudi, V., 2014. The regions within the N-terminus critical for human glucagon like peptide-1 receptor (hGLP-1R) cell surface expression. Sci. Rep. 4, 7410.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sakurai, H., Daiko, T., Hirao, T., 2003. A synthesis of sumanene, a fullerene fragment. Science 301, 1878.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosmi, M.S., Yusop, M.Z., Kalita, G., Yaakob, Y., Takahashi, C., Tanemura, M., 2014. Visualizing copper assisted graphene growth in nanoscale. Sci. Rep. 4, 7563.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Edwards, D.W., 2014. Risk Management in Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bonnet, R.-M., 2008. Surviving 1,000 Centuries: Can we do it?, Springer Praxis Books. Praxis, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gnacadja, L., Wiese, L., 2016. Land Degradation Neutrality: Will Africa Achieve It? Institutional Solutions to Land Degradation and Restoration in Africa, in: Lal, R., Kraybill, D., Hansen, D.O., Singh, B.R., Mosogoya, T., Eik, L.O. (Eds.), Climate Change and Multi-Dimensional Sustainability in African Agriculture: Climate Change and Sustainability in Agriculture. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 61–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Geochemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Astronomers Capture A Rare Wolf-Rayet Star Just Hours After It Dramatically Explodes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Public Transportation: FTA’s Triennial Review Program Has Improved, But Assessments of Grantees’ Performance Could Be Enhanced (No. GAO-09-603). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez Abadia, J.M., 2014. French for Spanish speakers: A contrastive study of English monolingual, bilingual, and plurilingual adult learners of French (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines, G.G., 2011. Restarting Comics’ Clock Is Issue No. 1. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rubbia, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Rubbia, 2011; Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thompson and Kanamarlapudi, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rosmi et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleGeochemistry
ISSN (print)1611-5864

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