How to format your references using the California Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for California Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reichhardt T. 2001. Airborne telescope delayed as plane is made ready. Nature, 411:729.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lukas J & Lukas C. 2013. Molecular biology. Shielding broken DNA for a quick fix. Science, 339:652–653.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishii H, Sakurai Y & Maruyama T. 2014. Effect of soccer shoe upper on ball behaviour in curve kicks. Sci Rep, 4:6067.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Melchinger AE, Schipprack W, Würschum T et al. 2013. Rapid and accurate identification of in vivo-induced haploid seeds based on oil content in maize. Sci Rep, 3:2129.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laykin E. 2013. Investigative Computer Forensics, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. p.
An edited book
Scheffers AM. 2016. Lakes of the World with Google Earth: Understanding our Environment Kelletat DH, (ed.)., Cham: Springer International Publishing. XIII, 293 p. 404 illus., 270 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Umbreit E, Shimko M & Gettman M. 2012. Prostate Anatomy and Prostate Cancer Screening, Diagnosis, Staging, and Prevention. In: Ponsky LE, Fuller DB, Meier RM, et al., (eds.). Robotic Radiosurgery. Treating Prostate Cancer and Related Genitourinary Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, p. 29–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for California Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Controversial Stem Cell Paper Set To Be Withdrawn From Nature. IFLScience. [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1997. National Airspace System: Issues in Allocating Costs for Air Traffic Services to DOD and Other Users, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowe C. 2009. A correlational study of the relationship between Learner Autonomy and academic performance. Doctoral dissertation. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. 2002. Russian Troops Seal Off Town In Search for Chechen Rebels. New York Times:13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Reichhardt 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Reichhardt 2001; Lukas & Lukas 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lukas & Lukas 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Melchinger et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCalifornia Agriculture
AbbreviationCalif. Agric. (Berkeley)
ISSN (print)0008-0845
ISSN (online)2160-8091

Other styles