How to format your references using the California Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for California Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Guthrie RD. 2004. Radiocarbon evidence of mid-Holocene mammoths stranded on an Alaskan Bering Sea island. Nature, 429:746–749.
A journal article with 2 authors
Virgin HW & Walker BD. 2010. Immunology and the elusive AIDS vaccine. Nature, 464:224–231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dai X, Chen A & Bai Z. 2014. Integrative investigation on breast cancer in ER, PR and HER2-defined subgroups using mRNA and miRNA expression profiling. Sci Rep, 4:6566.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sun T, Zhang Z, Xiao J et al. 2013. Facile and green synthesis of palladium nanoparticles-graphene-carbon nanotube material with high catalytic activity. Sci Rep, 3:2527.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Buchenau J. 2011. The Last Caudillo, Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. p.
An edited book
Popper AN & Fay RR eds. 2014. Perspectives on Auditory Research, New York, NY: Springer. XIII, 667 p. 122 illus., 78 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Schillat M. 2016. Adventure Tourism Poses New Challenges for the International Association of Antarctica Tour Operators (IAATO). In: Jensen M, Vereda M, Sánchez RA, et al., (eds.). Tourism in Antarctica: A Multidisciplinary View of New Activities Carried Out on the White Continent. SpringerBriefs in Geography. Cham: Springer International Publishing, p. 65–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for California Agriculture.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. Small Black Hole Has Huge Appetite That Defies Theory. IFLScience. [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. Medical ADP Systems: Composite Health Care System Operational Tests Extended, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simmons-Johnson N. 2012. The path to graduation: A model interactive Web site design supporting doctoral students. Doctoral dissertation. Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. 2015. Prepared Foods With Panache. New York Times:LI9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Guthrie 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Guthrie 2004; Virgin & Walker 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Virgin & Walker 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Sun et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleCalifornia Agriculture
AbbreviationCalif. Agric. (Berkeley)
ISSN (print)0008-0845
ISSN (online)2160-8091

Other styles