How to format your references using the California Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for California Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hogg PJ. 2006. Composites in armor. Science, 314:1100–1101.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bada JL & Lazcano A. 2003. Perceptions of science. Prebiotic soup--revisiting the Miller experiment. Science, 300:745–746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pyenson ND, Irmis RB & Lipps JH. 2010. Comment on “Climate, critters, and cetaceans: Cenozoic drivers of the evolution of modern whales.” Science, 330:178; author reply 178.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gomendio M, Malo AF, Soler AJ et al. 2006. Male fertility and sex ratio at birth in red deer. Science, 314:1445–1447.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Williams P. 2015. Managing Measurement Risk in Building and Civil Engineering, Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. p.
An edited book
Oyasu R. 2008. Questions in Daily Urologic Practice: Updates for Urologists and Diagnostic Pathologists Yang XJ, Yoshida O, (eds.)., Tokyo: Springer Japan. X, 287 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Bolten WW. 2015. NSAIDs. In: Kampen WU, Fischer M, (eds.). Local Treatment of Inflammatory Joint Diseases: Benefits and Risks. Cham: Springer International Publishing, p. 63–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for California Agriculture.

Blog post
Fang J. 2015. How Do Bats Find The Right Carnivorous Plants For Safe Roosting? IFLScience. [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2014. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Air Force Business System Schedule and Cost Estimates, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. p.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oates PE. 2009. Leadership transactions impacting transformation. Doctoral dissertation. Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Neuman W. 2014. At Least 3 Die in Collapse of Gold Mine. New York Times:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hogg 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hogg 2006; Bada & Lazcano 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bada & Lazcano 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Gomendio et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleCalifornia Agriculture
AbbreviationCalif. Agric. (Berkeley)
ISSN (print)0008-0845
ISSN (online)2160-8091

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