How to format your references using the Calcified Tissue International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Calcified Tissue International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Brumfiel G (2009) Arms pact could boost US-Russian science. Nature 460:316
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gaensler BM, Frail DA (2000) A large age for the pulsar B1757-24 from an upper limit on its proper motion. Nature 406:158–160
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mason GJ, Cooper J, Clarebrough C (2001) Frustrations of fur-farmed mink. Nature 410:35–36
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Woo SH, Choi YY, Kim DJ, et al (2014) Tissue-informative mechanism for wearable non-invasive continuous blood pressure monitoring. Sci Rep 4:6618

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hartfuß H-J, Geist T (2013) Fusion Plasma Diagnostics with mm-Waves. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
Nielson HR (2007) Semantics with Applications: An Appetizer. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Reichenbächer M, Popp J (2012) Molecular Structure Determination by Means of Combined Application of Methods. In: Popp J (ed) Challenges in Molecular Structure Determination. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 313–437

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Calcified Tissue International.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S (2016) Evolution Once Operated 4,000 Times Faster Than Today. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/evolution-once-operated-4000-times-faster-than-today/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1983) Opportunities for Improving the Management of DOD Computer Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Yang L (2012) A comparison of unsupervised learning techniques for detection of medical abuse in automobile claims. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dinardo K (2014) Kevin Carr Will Stop Running When He Circles the World. New York Times TR3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCalcified Tissue International
AbbreviationCalcif. Tissue Int.
ISSN (print)0171-967X
ISSN (online)1432-0827
ScopeEndocrinology
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles