How to format your references using the Calcified Tissue International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Calcified Tissue International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lewis SL (2010) How to beat the media in the climate street fight. Nature 468:7
A journal article with 2 authors
Birks HJB, Birks HH (2004) Paleoecology. The rise and fall of forests. Science 305:484–485
A journal article with 3 authors
Koskinen MT, Haugen TO, Primmer CR (2002) Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature 419:826–830
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Paler A, Devitt SJ, Nemoto K, Polian I (2014) Mapping of topological quantum circuits to physical hardware. Sci Rep 4:4657

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin W (2016) Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pleyer U, Alió JL, Barisani-Asenbauer T, et al (2014) Immune Modulation and Anti-Inflammatory Therapy in Ocular Disorders: IOIS Guidelines. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Fernández-Jalvo Y, Andrews P (2016) Discoloration and Staining. In: Andrews P (ed) Atlas of Taphonomic Identifications: 1001+ Images of Fossil and Recent Mammal Bone Modification. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 155–166

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Calcified Tissue International.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dawn Eases Into Orbit Around The Dwarf Planet Ceres. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Embedded Computer Systems: Significant Software Problems on C-17 Must Be Addressed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boyer TH (2008) Removal of natural organic matter by anion exchange: Multiscale experimentation and mathematical modeling. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2016) Walmart Sues Puerto Rico, Claiming an Unfair and Onerous Tax Burden. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCalcified Tissue International
AbbreviationCalcif. Tissue Int.
ISSN (print)0171-967X
ISSN (online)1432-0827
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles