How to format your references using the Calcified Tissue International citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Calcified Tissue International. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barish B (2012) Physics: Let US physics commit to collaboration. Nature 491:522
A journal article with 2 authors
Radisky DC, Bissell MJ (2004) Cancer. Respect thy neighbor! Science 303:775–777
A journal article with 3 authors
Sharam GJ, Sinclair ARE, Turkington R (2009) Serengeti birds maintain forests by inhibiting seed predators. Science 325:51
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhao Z, Zhang Y, Chen S, et al (2014) Bioelectrochemical enhancement of anaerobic methanogenesis for high organic load rate wastewater treatment in a up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor. Sci Rep 4:6658

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pickles J, Smith A, Begg R, et al (2015) Articulations of Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Zeilinger S, Martín J-F, García-Estrada C (2015) Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, Volume 2. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Tuniz C, Gillespie R, Jones C (2010) La vera età della Donna di Mungo. In: Gillespie R, Jones C (eds) I lettori di ossa. Springer, Milano, pp 31–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Calcified Tissue International.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Amelia Earhart Could Have Died As A Castaway On A Remote Pacific Island. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Information Technology: DHS Needs to Improve Its Independent Acquisition Reviews. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Laubacher TL (2016) Simplifying “Inherently Governmental” Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Arvedlund EE, SOPHIA KISHKOVSKY; C.J. Chivers contributed reporting for this article (2004) After a Spate of Bombings, Moscow’s Full of Foreboding. New York Times A6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCalcified Tissue International
AbbreviationCalcif. Tissue Int.
ISSN (print)0171-967X
ISSN (online)1432-0827
Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles