How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Widera, Artur. 2014. Physics. The advantages of extra entanglement. Science (New York, N.Y.) 344: 160–161.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richards-Kortum, Rebecca, and Maria Oden. 2013. Engineering. Devices for low-resource health care. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 1055–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dangl, Jeffery L., Diana M. Horvath, and Brian J. Staskawicz. 2013. Pivoting the plant immune system from dissection to deployment. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 746–751.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Sengupta, Shiladitya, David Eavarone, Ishan Capila, Ganlin Zhao, Nicki Watson, Tanyel Kiziltepe, and Ram Sasisekharan. 2005. Temporal targeting of tumour cells and neovasculature with a nanoscale delivery system. Nature 436: 568–572.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Neupert, Richard. 2011. French Animation History. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Prokop, Aleš. 2012. Systems Biology in Biotech & Pharma: A Changing Paradigm. Edited by Seth Michelson. Vol. 2. SpringerBriefs in Pharmaceutical Science & Drug Development. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Krummenacher, Heinz. 2006. Computer Assisted Early Warning – the FAST Example. In Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention, ed. Robert Trappl, 71–80. Advances in Group Decision and Negotiation. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Luntz, Stephen. 2016. Signs Of 14,000-Year-Old Human Habitation Found In Southern South America. IFLScience. IFLScience. September 28.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2004. Financial Management Systems: Lack of Disciplined Processes Puts Implementation of HHS’ Financial System at Risk. GAO-04-1008. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moore, Diane L. 2012. The Challenge Program: A quantitative analysis of strategies designed to eliminate the achievement gap. Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lehman, Susan. 2016. The Big Try-On. New York Times, November 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Widera 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Richards-Kortum and Oden 2013; Widera 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richards-Kortum and Oden 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Sengupta et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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