How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gammon, D. 2000. Electrons in artificial atoms. Nature 405: 899–900.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cadwell, Ken, and Laurent Coscoy. 2005. Ubiquitination on nonlysine residues by a viral E3 ubiquitin ligase. Science (New York, N.Y.) 309: 127–130.
A journal article with 3 authors
Costello, Mark J., Robert M. May, and Nigel E. Stork. 2013. Response to comments on “Can we name Earth’s species before they go extinct?” Science (New York, N.Y.) 341: 237.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Fernández-Chacón, R., A. Königstorfer, S. H. Gerber, J. García, M. F. Matos, C. F. Stevens, N. Brose, J. Rizo, C. Rosenmund, and T. C. Südhof. 2001. Synaptotagmin I functions as a calcium regulator of release probability. Nature 410: 41–49.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hooker, John. 2000. Logic-Based Methods for Optimization. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Filippini, Daniel, ed. 2013. Autonomous Sensor Networks: Collective Sensing Strategies for Analytical Purposes. Vol. 13. Springer Series on Chemical Sensors and Biosensors, Methods and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Obrosova, Irina G. 2007. Hyperglycemia-Initiated Mechanisms in Diabetic Neuropathy. In Diabetic Neuropathy: Clinical Management, ed. Aristidis Veves and Rayaz A. Malik, 69–90. Clinical Diabetes. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Andrews, Robin. 2016. Infrared Imaging Shows Jupiter’s Gas Streaks In A New Light. IFLScience. IFLScience. June 28.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1984. The Energy Information Administration Needs To Strengthen Its Computer Systems Development Procedures. RCED-84-42. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wahl, Stacy E. 2008. Registered nurse preceptorship orientation: A study of the relationship between burnout rates of new graduates and number of preceptors worked with in the clinical orientation phase. Doctoral dissertation, Minneapolis, MN: Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
de la MERCED, Michael J. 2017. Unity Technologies Agrees to Funding. New York Times, May 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gammon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gammon 2000; Cadwell and Coscoy 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cadwell and Coscoy 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Fernández-Chacón et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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