How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Heeney, Jonathan L. 2015. Ebola: Hidden reservoirs. Nature 527: 453–455.
A journal article with 2 authors
Monsonego, Alon, and Howard L. Weiner. 2003. Immunotherapeutic approaches to Alzheimer’s disease. Science (New York, N.Y.) 302: 834–838.
A journal article with 3 authors
Luo, Minmin, Michale S. Fee, and Lawrence C. Katz. 2003. Encoding pheromonal signals in the accessory olfactory bulb of behaving mice. Science (New York, N.Y.) 299: 1196–1201.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Panchal, Vishal, Ruth Pearce, Rositza Yakimova, Alexander Tzalenchuk, and Olga Kazakova. 2013. Standardization of surface potential measurements of graphene domains. Scientific reports 3: 2597.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Singer, Brian, and Greg Fedorinchik. 2009. Investment Leadership and Portfolio Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Großhans, Helge, ed. 2010. Regulation of microRNAs. Vol. 700. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Rovira-Esteva, Muriel, Luis C. Pardo, Josep L. L. Tamarit, and F. Javier Bermejo. 2010. Neutron Diffraction as a Tool to Explore the Free Energy Landscape in Orientationally Disordered Phases. In Metastable Systems under Pressure, ed. Sylwester Rzoska, Aleksandra Drozd-Rzoska, and Victor Mazur, 63–77. NATO Science for Peace and Security Series A: Chemistry and Biology. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. Thousands Of Dying Fish Flood A Canal In New York. IFLScience. IFLScience. November 17.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2001. Intellectual Property: State Immunity in Infringement Actions. GAO-01-811. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Hyunok. 2008. Prediction and Elimination of Galling in Forming Galvanized Advanced High Strength Steels (AHSS). Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, Written by John. 2017. Silence Is Golden. New York Times, August 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Heeney 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Monsonego and Weiner 2003; Heeney 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Monsonego and Weiner 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Panchal et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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