How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dominissini, Dan. 2014. Genomics and Proteomics. Roadmap to the epitranscriptome. Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 1192.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gibson, Daniel G., and J. Craig Venter. 2014. Synthetic biology: Construction of a yeast chromosome. Nature 509: 168–169.
A journal article with 3 authors
Verhulst, Eveline C., Leo W. Beukeboom, and Louis van de Zande. 2010. Maternal control of haplodiploid sex determination in the wasp Nasonia. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328: 620–623.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Coronado, E., J. R. Galán-Mascarós, C. J. Gómez-García, and V. Laukhin. 2000. Coexistence of ferromagnetism and metallic conductivity in a molecule-based layered compound. Nature 408: 447–449.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Held, Gilbert. 2005. Virtual Private Networking. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Nguyen, Hung T. 2012. Computing Statistics under Interval and Fuzzy Uncertainty: Applications to Computer Science and Engineering. Edited by Vladik Kreinovich, Berlin Wu, and Gang Xiang. Vol. 393. Studies in Computational Intelligence. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Martos, B., and J. Kornai. 2011. Experiments in Hungary with Industry-Wide and Economy-Wide Programming. In Mathematical Optimiation in Economics, ed. Bruno de Finetti, 165–192. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2015. Mini Colons Grown in the Lab from Tumors. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 8.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. University Funding: Assessing Federal Funding Mechanisms for University Research. RCED-86-75. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lamanna, Scott G. 2012. Colombian Spanish in North Carolina: The role of language and dialect contact in the formation of a new variety of U.S. Spanish. Doctoral dissertation, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, James. 2017. Big Setback For Wright; Season Ends For Cespedes. New York Times, August 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dominissini 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dominissini 2014; Gibson and Venter 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gibson and Venter 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Coronado et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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