How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lea, David W. 2015. Palaeoclimate: Climate sensitivity in a warmer world. Nature 518: 46–47.
A journal article with 2 authors
Strässer, K., and E. Hurt. 2001. Splicing factor Sub2p is required for nuclear mRNA export through its interaction with Yra1p. Nature 413: 648–652.
A journal article with 3 authors
Huynh, Wendy U., Janke J. Dittmer, and A. Paul Alivisatos. 2002. Hybrid nanorod-polymer solar cells. Science (New York, N.Y.) 295: 2425–2427.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Morisset, S., A. Rouleau, X. Ligneau, F. Gbahou, J. Tardivel-Lacombe, H. Stark, W. Schunack, C. R. Ganellin, J. C. Schwartz, and J. M. Arrang. 2000. High constitutive activity of native H3 receptors regulates histamine neurons in brain. Nature 408: 860–864.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chappell, David. 2008. The JCT Minor Works Building Contracts 2005. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
Agresta, Ferdinando, Fabio Cesare Campanile, Gabriele Anania, and Carlo Bergamini, ed. 2016. Emergency Laparoscopy. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Mays, Robert W. 2015. Clinical Development of MultiStem® for Treatment of Injuries and Diseases of the Central Nervous System. In Cell Therapy for Brain Injury, ed. David C. Hess, 47–63. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. We Could Find Alien Life, But Politicians Don’t Have The Will. IFLScience. IFLScience. August 20.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1989. ADP Systems: VA Actions to Improve Management of Information Resources. IMTEC-89-24. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, Steven Gabriel. 2010. Devotion to land: The Virgin Mary and the Mudejar in the post-conquest program of Alfonso X of Castile, 1252–1284. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Fernandez, Manny, and Richard Fausset. 2017. Houston Mayor’s Grave Dilemma: Whether to Tell Residents to Stay or Go. New York Times, August 28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lea 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Strässer and Hurt 2001; Lea 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Strässer and Hurt 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Morisset et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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