How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T. V. 2014. Developing countries: The outcomes paradox. Nature 508: S14-5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mathews, John A., and Hao Tan. 2014. Economics: Manufacture renewables to build energy security. Nature 513: 166–168.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sainsbury, Sarah, Jürgen Niesser, and Patrick Cramer. 2013. Structure and function of the initially transcribing RNA polymerase II-TFIIB complex. Nature 493: 437–440.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Marsh, A. G., L. S. Mullineaux, C. M. Young, and D. T. Manahan. 2001. Larval dispersal potential of the tubeworm Riftia pachyptila at deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Nature 411: 77–80.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Weston, Paul. 2006. Bioinformatics Software Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Toyota, Naoki. 2007. Low-Dimensional Molecular Metals. Edited by Jens Müller and Michael Lang. Vol. 154. Springer Series in Solid-State Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Holbrow, Charles H., James N. Lloyd, Joseph C. Amato, Enrique Galvez, and M. Elizabeth Parks. 2010. Gas Laws. In Modern Introductory Physics, ed. James N. Lloyd, Joseph C. Amato, Enrique Galvez, and M. Elizabeth Parks, 83–108. New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. Geminid Meteor Shower Will Peak Tonight, But The Supermoon Might Outshine It. IFLScience. IFLScience. December 13.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1986. Social Security: Improved Telephone Accessibility Would Better Serve the Public. HRD-86-85. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abuzainab, Nof. 2013. Energy and security aspects of wireless networks: Performance and tradeoffs. Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, James B. 2017. How United Pulled Out Of Its Public Nose Dive. New York Times, July 27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Mathews and Tan 2014; Padma 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mathews and Tan 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Marsh et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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