How to format your references using the Business Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Business Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, Lauren. 2014. Liver cancer. Nature 516: S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
McAndrew, Patrick, and Eileen Scanlon. 2013. Education. Open learning at a distance: lessons for struggling MOOCs. Science (New York, N.Y.) 342: 1450–1451.
A journal article with 3 authors
Beldade, Patrícia, Paul M. Brakefield, and Anthony D. Long. 2002. Contribution of Distal-less to quantitative variation in butterfly eyespots. Nature 415: 315–318.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Kuwabata, Susumu, Hiro Minamimoto, Kosuke Inoue, Akihito Imanishi, Ken Hosoya, Hiroshi Uyama, Tsukasa Torimoto, Tetsuya Tsuda, and Shu Seki. 2014. Three-dimensional micro/nano-scale structure fabricated by combination of non-volatile polymerizable RTIL and FIB irradiation. Scientific reports 4: 3722.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The American Ceramic Society. 2009. Progress in Nanotechnology. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Geertman, Stan, Joseph Ferreira Jr., Robert Goodspeed, and John Stillwell, ed. 2015. Planning Support Systems and Smart Cities. Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Naqvi, S. W. A. 2010. Indian Ocean Margins. In Carbon and Nutrient Fluxes in Continental Margins: A Global Synthesis, ed. Kon-Kee Liu, Larry Atkinson, Renato Quiñones, and Liana Talaue-McManus, 171–210. Global Change – The IGBP Series. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Business Research.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. Biggest Misconceptions About The Universe Explained. IFLScience. IFLScience. May 28.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1994. Medicare: New Claims Processing System Benefits and Acquisition Risks. HEHS/AIMD-94-79. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sanchez, Yesenia. 2012. Effectiveness of parent-child interaction therapy for Latino families: A secondary analysis of existing data. Doctoral dissertation, Long Beach, CA: California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, Linda. 2006. Vermont Campaign Limits Get Cool Reception at Court. New York Times, March 1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2014).
This sentence cites two references (McAndrew and Scanlon 2013; Gravitz 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McAndrew and Scanlon 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kuwabata et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBusiness Research
AbbreviationBus. Res.
ISSN (print)2198-3402
ISSN (online)2198-2627

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