How to format your references using the The Auk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Auk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gewin, V. (2007). Hub of alternative energy. Nature 446:106.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hochedlinger, K., and R. Jaenisch (2006). Nuclear reprogramming and pluripotency. Nature 441:1061–1067.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zheng, N., X. Bu, and P. Feng (2003). Synthetic design of crystalline inorganic chalcogenides exhibiting fast-ion conductivity. Nature 426:428–432.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Volkman, S. K., A. E. Barry, E. J. Lyons, K. M. Nielsen, S. M. Thomas, M. Choi, S. S. Thakore, K. P. Day, D. F. Wirth, and D. L. Hartl (2001). Recent origin of Plasmodium falciparum from a single progenitor. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293:482–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwartz, R. A., M. G. Carew, and T. Maksimenko (2010). Micro Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cristóbal López, A. B., A. Martí Vega, and A. Luque López (Editors) (2012). Next Generation of Photovoltaics: New Concepts. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Campi, L. (2014). A Note on Market Completeness with American Put Options. In Inspired by Finance: The Musiela Festschrift (Y. Kabanov, M. Rutkowski and T. Zariphopoulou, Editors). Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 73–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Auk.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017). Proxima b, The Closest Exoplanet To Earth, Could Be Habitable. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2003). Technology Transfer: NIH-Private Sector Partnership in the Development of Taxol. U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-03-829.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Maldonado, J. A. (2010). Searching for Confirmation.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J. (2017). Victor Lownes, 88, Rake and Colleague of Hefner. New York Times:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gewin 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Hochedlinger and Jaenisch 2006, Gewin 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hochedlinger and Jaenisch 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Volkman et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Auk
ISSN (print)0004-8038
ISSN (online)1938-4254
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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