How to format your references using the The Auk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Auk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, R. F. (2000). ELECTRONIC OPTICS: Organic Lasers Promise New Lease on Light. Science (New York, N.Y.) 289:519–521.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kronenberg, M., and A. Rudensky (2005). Regulation of immunity by self-reactive T cells. Nature 435:598–604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P. J., B. Wible, and M. McCartney (2010). Science, language, and literacy. Learning to read, reading to learn. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.) 328:447.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Zhang, L., X. Ding, J. Cui, H. Xu, J. Chen, Y.-N. Gong, L. Hu, Y. Zhou, J. Ge, Q. Lu, L. Liu, et al. (2011). Cysteine methylation disrupts ubiquitin-chain sensing in NF-κB activation. Nature 481:204–208.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Paschedag, A. R. (2004). CFD in der Verfahrenstechnik. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Radev, D. (Editor) (2013). Puzzles in Logic, Languages and Computation: The Green Book. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheikhrouhou, L., G. Rock, W. Stephan, M. Schwan, and G. Lassmann (2006). Verifying a Chipcard-Based Biometric Identification Protocol in VSE. In Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security: 25th International Conference, SAFECOMP 2006, Gdansk, Poland, September 27-29, 2006. Proceedings (J. Górski, Editor). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 42–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Auk.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014). World’s Fastest Camera Takes 4.4 TRILLION Frames Per Second. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2008). Highway Bridge Program: Clearer Goals and Performance Measures Needed for a More Focused and Sustainable Program. U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-08-1043.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sheppard, K. C. (2017). An Examination of School Choice Access, Opportunities, and Academic Outcomes in an Intra-District School Choice Program.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S. K. (2005). World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Officers Cleared Of Chechen Deaths. New York Times:A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Service 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Service 2000, Kronenberg and Rudensky 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kronenberg and Rudensky 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Auk
ISSN (print)0004-8038
ISSN (online)1938-4254
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Other styles