How to format your references using the The Auk citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Auk. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Edwards, P. P. (2011). Chemistry. Electrons in cement. Science (New York, N.Y.) 333:49–50.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shchukin, D., and H. Möhwald (2013). Materials science. A coat of many functions. Science (New York, N.Y.) 341:1458–1459.
A journal article with 3 authors
Misura, K. M., R. H. Scheller, and W. I. Weis (2000). Three-dimensional structure of the neuronal-Sec1-syntaxin 1a complex. Nature 404:355–362.
A journal article with 13 or more authors
Yang, Y., P.-P. Wang, Z.-C. Zhang, H.-L. Liu, J. Zhang, J. Zhuang, and X. Wang (2013). Nanowire membrane-based nanothermite: towards processable and tunable interfacial diffusion for solid state reactions. Scientific reports 3:1694.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Masujima, M. (2005). Applied Mathematical Methods in Theoretical Physics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Johnston, R. J., J. Rolfe, R. S. Rosenberger, and R. Brouwer (Editors) (2015). Benefit Transfer of Environmental and Resource Values: A Guide for Researchers and Practitioners. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleveland, H. H., A. Baker, and L. R. Dean (2010). Characteristics of Collegiate Recovery Community Members. In Substance Abuse Recovery in College: Community Supported Abstinence (H. H. Cleveland, K. S. Harris and R. P. Wiebe, Editors). Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 37–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Auk.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2015). NASA Releases Astonishing GoPro Footage From Astronauts POV. IFLScience. [Online.] Available at


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007). Older Driver Safety: Knowledge Sharing Should Help States Prepare for Increase in Older Driver Population. U.S. Government Printing Office GAO-07-413.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grzeda, S. (2012). Use of Binomial Cluster Analysis in the Identification of Temporary Disaster Debris Management Sites.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
McKINLEY, J. C., Jr (2017). 2nd Etan Patz Jury Knew Members of First Jury Were Watching, Defense Says. New York Times:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Edwards 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Edwards 2011, Shchukin and Möhwald 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shchukin and Möhwald 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Yang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Auk
ISSN (print)0004-8038
ISSN (online)1938-4254
ScopeAnimal Science and Zoology
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

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