How to format your references using the Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schlermiler, German research agency “doesn’t stifle creativity”, say 1,600 scientists, Nature. 404 (2000) 915.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.J. Gokhale, M. Rais-Zadeh, Phonon-electron interactions in piezoelectric semiconductor bulk acoustic wave resonators, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5617.
A journal article with 3 authors
K. Jensen, J. Call, M. Tomasello, Chimpanzees are rational maximizers in an ultimatum game, Science. 318 (2007) 107–109.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.J. de Nijs, N.J. Berry, G.J. Wells, D.S. Reay, Quantification of biophysical adaptation benefits from Climate-Smart Agriculture using a Bayesian Belief Network, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Z.-G. Ji, Hydrodynamics and Water Quality, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
A.G. Filbrun, Handbook of Cystic Fibrosis, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
B. Aronov, K. Buchin, M. Buchin, M. van Kreveld, M. Löffler, J. Luo, R.I. Silveira, B. Speckmann, Connect the Dot: Computing Feed-Links with Minimum Dilation, in: F. Dehne, M. Gavrilova, J.-R. Sack, C.D. Tóth (Eds.), Algorithms and Data Structures: 11th International Symposium, WADS 2009, Banff, Canada, August 21-23, 2009. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology.

Blog post
J. Fang, Teeny Tiny Snail Could Fit In A Needle’s Eye 10 Times, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, The F-14 Aircraft, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1972.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E.Y. Ramirez, Barriers to access to health care among Latino immigrants in the United States: A quantitative study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, Justices Hear Arguments About Pacts On Pricing, New York Times. (2007) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
AbbreviationJ. Trace Elem. Med. Biol.
ISSN (print)0946-672X
Molecular Medicine
Inorganic Chemistry

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