How to format your references using the Journal of Sports Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sports Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gould, J. (2015). Learning from nature’s best. Nature, 519(7544), S2-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barth, C., & Reichling, M. (2001). Imaging the atomic arrangements on the high-temperature reconstructed alpha-Al2O3(0001) surface. Nature, 414(6859), 54–57.
A journal article with 3 authors
Duivenvoorden, J. F., Svenning, J. C., & Wright, S. J. (2002). Ecology. Beta diversity in tropical forests. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5555), 636–637.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jaeger, J.-J., Beard, K. C., Chaimanee, Y., Salem, M., Benammi, M., Hlal, O., … Brunet, M. (2010). Late middle Eocene epoch of Libya yields earliest known radiation of African anthropoids. Nature, 467(7319), 1095–1098.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Utas, G. (2006). Robust Communications Software. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Jensen, K., Aalst, W. M. P. van der, Balbo, G., Koutny, M., & Wolf, K. (Eds.). (2013). Transactions on Petri Nets and Other Models of Concurrency VII (Vol. 7480). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ispány, M. (2016). Some Asymptotic Results for Strongly Critical Branching Processes with Immigration in Varying Environment. In I. M. del Puerto, M. González, C. Gutiérrez, R. Martínez, C. Minuesa, M. Molina, … A. Ramos (Eds.), Branching Processes and Their Applications (pp. 77–95). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sports Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 4). Evolution Took Many Paths To Building ‘Pygmy’ Bodies. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1988). Airport Noise: FAA’s Enforcement of Noise Rules at National Airport (No. RCED-88-117). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Matos, G. (2013). Re-fashioning goddesses: Exploring women’s archetypal fashion in the classroom (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eldred, S. M., & Eligon, J. (2016, May 11). Doctor Saw Prince a Day Before His Death. New York Times, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schroeder, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Adam, 2014; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barth & Reichling, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Duivenvoorden, Svenning, & Wright, 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Willert et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sports Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Sports Sci.
ISSN (print)0264-0414
ISSN (online)1466-447X
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles