How to format your references using the Journal of Sports Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Sports Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fiete, G. A. (2011). Physics. How do you want that insulator? Science (New York, N.Y.), 332(6029), 546–547.
A journal article with 2 authors
van der Zwaag, D., & Meijer, E. W. (2015). SELF-ORGANIZATION. Fueling connections between chemistry and biology. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6252), 1056–1057.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gillis, A. J., Schuller, A. P., & Skordalakes, E. (2008). Structure of the Tribolium castaneum telomerase catalytic subunit TERT. Nature, 455(7213), 633–637.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Long, S., Perniola, L., Cagli, C., Buckley, J., Lian, X., Miranda, E., … Suñé, J. (2013). Voltage and power-controlled regimes in the progressive unipolar RESET transition of HfO₂-based RRAM. Scientific Reports, 3, 2929.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, W. (2016). Reservoir Engineering in Modern Oilfields. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Muntean, T., Poulakis, D., & Rolland, R. (Eds.). (2013). Algebraic Informatics: 5th International Conference, CAI 2013, Porquerolles, France, September 3-6, 2013. Proceedings (Vol. 8080). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhong, Z., Zhang, Y., Yang, G., & Kong, Y. (2015). GPU-Based Parallel Processing Technology in DPI. In R. Cai, K. Chen, L. Hong, X. Yang, R. Zhang, & L. Zou (Eds.), Web Technologies and Applications: APWeb 2015 Workshops, BSD, WDMA, and BDAT, Guangzhou, China, September 18, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 44–53). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Sports Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014, June 12). Dark Gamma Ray Bursts Obscured By Dust. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Analysis of Cost Estimates for the Space Shuttle and Two Alternate Programs (No. B-173677). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lowry, L. A. (2017). Creative Aging in Senior Centers: A Grounded Theory Study (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L. F. (2007, July 1). For Police Recruits, Training in Tolerance. New York Times, p. LI11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fiete, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fiete, 2011; van der Zwaag & Meijer, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van der Zwaag & Meijer, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Gillis, Schuller, & Skordalakes, 2008)
  • 6 or more authors: (Long et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Sports Sciences
AbbreviationJ. Sports Sci.
ISSN (print)0264-0414
ISSN (online)1466-447X
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles