How to format your references using the Case Reports in Oncology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Case Reports in Oncology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Jacobs M. Climate policy: Deadline 2015. Nature. 2012 Jan;481(7380):137–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kofoed EM, Vance RE. Innate immune recognition of bacterial ligands by NAIPs determines inflammasome specificity. Nature. 2011 Aug;477(7366):592–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
LaDeau SL, Kilpatrick AM, Marra PP. West Nile virus emergence and large-scale declines of North American bird populations. Nature. 2007 Jun;447(7145):710–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Leanhardt AE, Pasquini TA, Saba M, Schirotzek A, Shin Y, Kielpinski D, et al. Cooling Bose-Einstein condensates below 500 picokelvin. Science. 2003 Sep;301(5639):1513–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Summers N. Managing Social Service Staff for Excellence. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1
Christianson B, Švenda P, Matyáš V, Malcolm J, Stajano F, Anderson J, editors. Security Protocols XXIII: 23rd International Workshop, Cambridge, UK, March 31 - April 2, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Chervenak A, Bharathi S. Peer-to-Peer Approaches to Grid Resource Discovery. In: Fragopoulou P, Getov V, editors. Making Grids Work: Proceedings of the CoreGRID Workshop on Programming Models Grid and P2P System Architecture Grid Systems, Tools and Environments 12-13 June 2007, Heraklion, Crete, Greece. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2008; pp 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Case Reports in Oncology.

Blog post
1
Hamilton K. Millions Rely On Cheap Cloth Masks That May Provide Little Protection Against Deadly Air Pollution [Internet]. IFLScience. 2016 Sep [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/millions-rely-on-cheap-cloth-masks-that-may-provide-little-protection-against-deadly-air-pollution/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Federal-Aid Highways: Trends, Effect on State Spending, and Options for Future Program Design. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Luna M. A Case Study of the Influence of Multipurpose Spaces on Campus Life at an Institution of Art and Design. 2017

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Leshy JD, Squillace M. The Endangered Antiquities Act. New York Times. 2017 Mar;A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCase Reports in Oncology
AbbreviationCase Rep. Oncol.
ISSN (online)1662-6575
ScopeOncology

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