How to format your references using the Neurocase citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurocase. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Duffy, M. A. (2014). Epidemiology. It helps to be well connected. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6189), 1229–1230.
A journal article with 2 authors
Audet, P., & Bürgmann, R. (2014). Possible control of subduction zone slow-earthquake periodicity by silica enrichment. Nature, 510(7505), 389–392.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen, G. Z., Fray, D. J., & Farthing, T. W. (2000). Direct electrochemical reduction of titanium dioxide to titanium in molten calcium chloride. Nature, 407(6802), 361–364.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bernet, M. L., Miniati, F., Lilly, S. J., Kronberg, P. P., & Dessauges-Zavadsky, M. (2008). Strong magnetic fields in normal galaxies at high redshift. Nature, 454(7202), 302–304.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly, V. A. (2015). ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Sun, L. (2013). Guide to Voice and Video over IP: For Fixed and Mobile Networks (I.-H. Mkwawa, E. Jammeh, & E. Ifeachor, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, D. (2016). Resilience of Spatial Networks. In J. Lü, X. Yu, G. Chen, & W. Yu (Eds.), Complex Systems and Networks: Dynamics, Controls and Applications (pp. 79–106). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurocase.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, July 17). Australian PM Bans Solar And Wind Power Investment. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2016). Aviation Security: TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness, but Improvements in Screener Oversight Are Needed (GAO-16-707T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellhous, W. T. (2017). Factors and Interactions Contributing to the Risk of Fire following Earthquake for Urban Southern California [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2017, July 8). DeGrom Escapes Despite A Barrage of Home Runs. New York Times, D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Duffy, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Audet & Bürgmann, 2014; Duffy, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Audet & Bürgmann, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Chen et al., 2000)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bernet et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurocase
ISSN (print)1355-4794
ISSN (online)1465-3656
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

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