How to format your references using the Neurocase citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurocase. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shubin, N. (2012). Farish A. Jenkins Jr (1940-2012). Nature, 492(7427), 42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Handschin, C., & Spiegelman, B. M. (2008). The role of exercise and PGC1alpha in inflammation and chronic disease. Nature, 454(7203), 463–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Moseley, R. L., Pulvermüller, F., & Shtyrov, Y. (2013). Sensorimotor semantics on the spot: brain activity dissociates between conceptual categories within 150 ms. Scientific Reports, 3, 1928.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rasmussen, S. G. F., Choi, H.-J., Fung, J. J., Pardon, E., Casarosa, P., Chae, P. S., Devree, B. T., Rosenbaum, D. M., Thian, F. S., Kobilka, T. S., Schnapp, A., Konetzki, I., Sunahara, R. K., Gellman, S. H., Pautsch, A., Steyaert, J., Weis, W. I., & Kobilka, B. K. (2011). Structure of a nanobody-stabilized active state of the β(2) adrenoceptor. Nature, 469(7329), 175–180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DiGrado, B. D., & Thorp, G. A. (2007). The Aboveground Steel Storage Tank Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Sassa, K., Fukuoka, H., Wang, F., & Wang, G. (Eds.). (2007). Progress in Landslide Science. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaur, M. (2016). Genetically Modified Logistic Regression with Radial Basis Function for Robust Software Effort Prediction. In R. Singh, M. Vatsa, A. Majumdar, & A. Kumar (Eds.), Machine Intelligence and Signal Processing (pp. 55–66). Springer India.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurocase.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, September 9). The iPhone 7’s Tagline Means Something Slightly Naughty In Hong Kong. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Railroad Safety: Continued Emphasis Needed for an Effective Track Safety Inspection Program (RCED-94-56). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Poyaoan-Linzaga, M. R. (2014). The effects of patient communication in early intervention for falls among the Medicare patients [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Larkin, E. (2017, May 26). Trust and Trauma. New York Times, BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shubin, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Handschin & Spiegelman, 2008; Shubin, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Handschin & Spiegelman, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Moseley et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Rasmussen et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurocase
ISSN (print)1355-4794
ISSN (online)1465-3656
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

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