How to format your references using the Neurocase citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurocase. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Urquhart, K. (2002). European research. Directive could give postdocs permanency. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 724.
A journal article with 2 authors
Behar, S. M., & Baehrecke, E. H. (2015). Tuberculosis: Autophagy is not the answer. Nature, 528(7583), 482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Daigaku, Y., Davies, A. A., & Ulrich, H. D. (2010). Ubiquitin-dependent DNA damage bypass is separable from genome replication. Nature, 465(7300), 951–955.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Okamura-Oho, Y., Shimokawa, K., Nishimura, M., Takemoto, S., Sato, A., Furuichi, T., & Yokota, H. (2014). Broad integration of expression maps and co-expression networks compassing novel gene functions in the brain. Scientific Reports, 4, 6969.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming, D. J. (2010). Venture Capital. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hatzfeld, C., & Kern, T. A. (Eds.). (2014). Engineering Haptic Devices: A Beginner’s Guide (2nd ed. 2014). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mandelkow, E.-M., Thies, E., Konzack, S., & Mandelkow, E. (2009). Tau and Intracellular Transport in Neurons. In P. H. S. George-Hyslop, W. C. C. Mobley, & Y. Christen (Eds.), Intracellular Traffic and Neurodegenerative Disorders (pp. 59–70). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurocase.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, August 23). Antarctica’s Massive Crack Is Growing At A Worrying Rate. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1972). Employment Security Operations--The Impact of a Computerized Job Bank in Baltimore, Maryland (B-133182). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wall, J. D. (2017). The Effects of Acute L-Dopa on Brux-like and Masticatory Motor Patterns: EMG Phase Analysis in Rats [Doctoral dissertation]. Southern Illinois University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Widdicombe, B. (2017, January 4). Charming for a Cause. New York Times, D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Urquhart, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Behar & Baehrecke, 2015; Urquhart, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Behar & Baehrecke, 2015)
  • Three authors: (Daigaku et al., 2010)
  • 6 or more authors: (Okamura-Oho et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurocase
ISSN (print)1355-4794
ISSN (online)1465-3656
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

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