How to format your references using the Neurocase citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurocase. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yahia, M. (2011). Global health: a uniquely Egyptian epidemic. Nature, 474(7350), S12-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grill, E., & Christmann, A. (2007). Botany. A plant receptor with a big family. Science (New York, N.Y.), 315(5819), 1676–1677.
A journal article with 3 authors
Squartini, T., van Lelyveld, I., & Garlaschelli, D. (2013). Early-warning signals of topological collapse in interbank networks. Scientific Reports, 3, 3357.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Li, H., Tsang, C. K., Watkins, M., Bertram, P. G., & Zheng, X. F. S. (2006). Nutrient regulates Tor1 nuclear localization and association with rDNA promoter. Nature, 442(7106), 1058–1061.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heywood, J. (2005). Engineering Education. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Gelmetti, C. (Ed.). (2015). Storia della Dermatologia e della Venereologia in Italia. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Silva, P. V. (2012). Groups and Automata: A Perfect Match. In M. Kutrib, N. Moreira, & R. Reis (Eds.), Descriptional Complexity of Formal Systems: 14th International Workshop, DCFS 2012, Braga, Portugal, July 23-25, 2012. Proceedings (pp. 50–63). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurocase.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, November 2). China Successfully Completes Mission To The Moon And Back. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2017). High Risk: Actions Needed to Address Serious Weaknesses in Federal Management of Programs Serving Indian Tribes (GAO-17-589T). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grefe, S. E. (2013). Plasmonic and topological insulator nanostructures and metamaterials nanoscale near-field investigations: Experiment and theory [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, April 29). In a 6-to-3 Vote, Justices Uphold A Voter ID Law. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yahia, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Grill & Christmann, 2007; Yahia, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grill & Christmann, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Squartini et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Li et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurocase
ISSN (print)1355-4794
ISSN (online)1465-3656
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

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