How to format your references using the Neurocase citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Neurocase. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C. (2003). A question of form. Nature, 422(6929), 341.
A journal article with 2 authors
Germain, R. N., & Paul, W. E. (2011). Baruj Benacerraf (1920-2011). Nature, 477(7362), 34.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coumou, D., Lehmann, J., & Beckmann, J. (2015). Climate change. The weakening summer circulation in the Northern Hemisphere mid-latitudes. Science (New York, N.Y.), 348(6232), 324–327.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pelling, A. E., Sehati, S., Gralla, E. B., Valentine, J. S., & Gimzewski, J. K. (2004). Local nanomechanical motion of the cell wall of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Science (New York, N.Y.), 305(5687), 1147–1150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hezaveh, A. (2007). SAS® 9 Study Guide. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Joost, H.-G. (Ed.). (2012). Appetite Control (Vol. 209). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Arthurs, O. J., & Sebire, N. J. (2015). Perinatal Imaging. In T. Y. Khong & R. D. G. Malcomson (Eds.), Keeling’s Fetal and Neonatal Pathology (pp. 123–140). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Neurocase.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016, May 5). Why Aren’t More People Vegetarian? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2005). Information Technology: FBI Is Taking Steps to Develop an Enterprise Architecture, but Much Remains to Be Accomplished (GAO-05-363). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, K. M. (2008). Diversity and evolution of 185/333, an immune -related gene family from the purple sea urchin, Strongylocentrotus purpuratus [Doctoral dissertation]. George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, June 8). Hyperactive Latvian ‘Not Afraid of Anything’ Makes Final. New York Times, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Germain & Paul, 2011; Smith, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Germain & Paul, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Coumou et al., 2015)
  • 6 or more authors: (Pelling et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNeurocase
ISSN (print)1355-4794
ISSN (online)1465-3656
ScopeArts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Clinical Neurology

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