How to format your references using the The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Willyard C. Heritability: The family roots of obesity. Nature. 2014;508:S58-60.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalski JR, Bleacher JE. Supervolcanoes within an ancient volcanic province in Arabia Terra, Mars. Nature. 2013;502:47–52.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roberts L, Stone R, Sugden A. The rise of restoration ecology. Science. 2009;325:555.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Büttner T, Geier J, Frison G, Harmer J, Calle C, Schweiger A, et al. A stable aminyl radical metal complex. Science. 2005;307:235–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schiek B, Rolfes I, Siweris H-J. Noise in High-Frequency Circuits and Oscillators. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
Liu Q. TA-Q-BIN: Service Excellence and Innovation in Urban Logistics. 1st ed. 2015. Goh M, editor. Singapore: Springer; 2015. X, 192 p. 92 illus., 73 illus. in color. (Management for Professionals).
A chapter in an edited book
Portugali J. Complexity Theories of Cities: Achievements, Criticism and Potentials. In: Portugali J, Meyer H, Stolk E, Tan E, editors. Complexity Theories of Cities Have Come of Age: An Overview with Implications to Urban Planning and Design. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 47–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
Luntz S. “The Beast” Asteroid Tracked As It Passed Earth By [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Evaluating the Acquisition and Operation of Information Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 Jul. Report No.: 130485.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayberry DS. Total Relaxation Center, LLC [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gordon MR. Iraqi Forces Open a New Front Against ISIS in West Mosul. New York Times. 2017;A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0091-6749
ISSN (online)1097-6825
Immunology and Allergy

Other styles