How to format your references using the The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Stringer C. Evolution: What makes a modern human. Nature. 2012;485:33–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
de Brito OM, Scorrano L. Mitofusin 2 tethers endoplasmic reticulum to mitochondria. Nature. 2008;456:605–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Galbraith CG, Yamada KM, Galbraith JA. Polymerizing actin fibers position integrins primed to probe for adhesion sites. Science. 2007;315:992–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Bond G, Kromer B, Beer J, Muscheler R, Evans MN, Showers W, et al. Persistent solar influence on North Atlantic climate during the Holocene. Science. 2001;294:2130–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vander Vorst A, Rosen A, Kotsuka Y. RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Martin R, editor. Handbook of Hydroxyacetophenones: Preparation and Physical Properties. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. eReference.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Roederer J, Zhang H. Particle Fluxes, Distribution Functions and Violation of Invariants. In: Zhang H, editor. Dynamics of Magnetically Trapped Particles: Foundations of the Physics of Radiation Belts and Space Plasmas. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 89–122. (Astrophysics and Space Science Library).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. For Fish, Warmer Waters Are Okay, But Not Extreme Heat [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fish-warmer-waters-are-okay-not-extreme-heat/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Summary Analysis of Federal Commercial Aviation Taxes and Fees. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2004 Mar. Report No.: GAO-04-406R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Llerena K. The social behaviors and emotional characteristics of individuals elevated on social anhedonia [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Barron J. Now Arriving on the New York Subway: Free E-Books, Timed for Your Commute. New York Times. 2016;A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0091-6749
ISSN (online)1097-6825
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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