How to format your references using the The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Lellouch E. Planetary science. Titan’s zoo of clouds. Science. 2006;311:186–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Endow SA, Higuchi H. A mutant of the motor protein kinesin that moves in both directions on microtubules. Nature. 2000;406:913–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Laliberté E, Zemunik G, Turner BL. Environmental filtering explains variation in plant diversity along resource gradients. Science. 2014;345:1602–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Chen Y, Yang L, Ren F, An K. Visualizing the structural evolution of LSM/xYSZ composite cathodes for SOFC by in-situ neutron diffraction. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5179.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Baber RL. The Language of Mathematics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Labarta J, Joe K, Sato T, editors. High-Performance Computing: 6th International Symposium, ISHPC 2005, Nara, Japan, September 7-9, 2005, First International Workshop on Advanced Low Power Systems, ALPS 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. XV, 528 p. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 4759).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Francis JJ, Klitzke CJ. Dietary Reference Intakes: Cutting Through the Confusion. In: Wilson T, Bray GA, Temple NJ, Struble MB, editors. Nutrition Guide for Physicians. Totowa, NJ: Humana Press; 2010. p. 65–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Humans Are Still Evolving But In Ways That Might Surprise You. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Contracts Awarded by the Social and Rehabilitation Service of the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare on a Noncompetitive Basis. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971 Aug. Report No.: B-164031(3).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Smith GS. The relationship between legislative implementations and educator readiness in inclusive educational environments [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. Two Legislative Seats To Be Filled on March 27. New York Times. 2007;14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
AbbreviationJ. Allergy Clin. Immunol.
ISSN (print)0091-6749
ISSN (online)1097-6825
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy

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