How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McGowan, K., 2011. Masterclass: The gathering brainstorm. Nature 478, S19-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burgisser, A., Bergantz, G.W., 2011. A rapid mechanism to remobilize and homogenize highly crystalline magma bodies. Nature 471, 212–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Levis, R.J., Menkir, G.M., Rabitz, H., 2001. Selective bond dissociation and rearrangement with optimally tailored, strong-field laser pulses. Science 292, 709–713.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, C.-H., Benedick, A.J., Fendel, P., Glenday, A.G., Kärtner, F.X., Phillips, D.F., Sasselov, D., Szentgyorgyi, A., Walsworth, R.L., 2008. A laser frequency comb that enables radial velocity measurements with a precision of 1 cm s(-1). Nature 452, 610–612.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pangarkar, V.G., 2014. Design of Multiphase Reactors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Cacuci, D.G. (Ed.), 2010. Handbook of Nuclear Engineering. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Redzic, O., Rabel, D., 2015. A Location Cloud for Highly Automated Driving, in: Meyer, G., Beiker, S. (Eds.), Road Vehicle Automation 2, Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Peeling Sticky Tape Produces X-rays [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Aviation Safety: Information on FAA’s Data on Operational Errors At Air Traffic Control Towers (No. GAO-03-1175R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
DeVito, M.A., 2015. Facebook Family Values: A News Feed Hierarchy Of Needs (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., Rashbaum, W.K., Hakim, D., 2017. Trump Foot Soldier Sidelined Under Glare of Russia Inquiry. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McGowan, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Burgisser and Bergantz, 2011; McGowan, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burgisser and Bergantz, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0920-4105
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Fuel Technology

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