How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jenkins, A., 2012. Literature: Wonders and ologies. Nature 482, 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Moscou, M.J., Bogdanove, A.J., 2009. A simple cipher governs DNA recognition by TAL effectors. Science 326, 1501.
A journal article with 3 authors
Baskin, A., Sadeghpour, H.R., Král, P., 2014. Correlated diskoid-like electronic states. Sci. Rep. 4, 5913.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Janssen, E.M., Lemmens, E.E., Wolfe, T., Christen, U., von Herrath, M.G., Schoenberger, S.P., 2003. CD4+ T cells are required for secondary expansion and memory in CD8+ T lymphocytes. Nature 421, 852–856.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alberts, B., Johnson, A., Lewis, J., Morgan, D., Raff, M., Roberts, K., Walter, P., 2017. Molekularbiologie der Zelle. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Gaj, P., Kwiecień, A., Stera, P. (Eds.), 2016. Computer Networks: 23rd International Conference, CN 2016, Brunów, Poland, June 14-17, 2016, Proceedings, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Galindo, M.F., Saez-Atienzar, S., Solesio, M.E., Jordán, J., 2014. 6-Hydroxydopamine as Preclinical Model of Parkinson’s Disease, in: Kostrzewa, R.M. (Ed.), Handbook of Neurotoxicity. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 639–651.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015. Astronomers Have Peered Into The Heart Of A Planet-Forming Solar System For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. Education and Employment Issue Area--Active Assignments (No. AA-97-13(1)). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gruhl, D.K., 2010. Santa Rosa Adopt-A-Grandparent Plus program: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J., 2016. Reading Toward Recovery. New York Times BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jenkins, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Jenkins, 2012; Moscou and Bogdanove, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Moscou and Bogdanove, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Janssen et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0920-4105
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Fuel Technology

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