How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bertone, G., 2010. The moment of truth for WIMP dark matter. Nature 468, 389–393.
A journal article with 2 authors
Arinaminpathy, N., Dowdy, D., 2015. Understanding the incremental value of novel diagnostic tests for tuberculosis. Nature 528, S60-7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jakosky, B.M., Haberle, R.M., Arvidson, R.E., 2005. Planetary science. The changing picture of volatiles and climate on Mars. Science 310, 1439–1440.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wijnands, R., Van Der Klis, M., Homan, J., Chakrabarty, D., Markwardt, C.B., Morgan, E.H., 2003. Quasi-periodic X-ray brightness fluctuations in an accreting millisecond pulsar. Nature 424, 44–47.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Eicker, U., 2005. Solar Technologies for Buildings. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Lone, S.H., 2015. Chemical and Pharmacological Perspective of Artemisia amygdalina, SpringerBriefs in Pharmacology and Toxicology. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Pachter, R., Wang, Z., 2009. Adaptive Simulated Annealing and its Application to Protein Folding, in: Floudas, C.A., Pardalos, P.M. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Optimization. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 21–26.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Carpineti, C., 2017. Moron Decides To Tease Enormous Alligator While Dressed As A T-Rex [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of State Automated Systems That Support Federal Human Services Programs (No. T-AIMD-99-91). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shellhouse, K., 2017. The Cretaceous-Paleogene Boundary Deposit in LaSalle Parish, Louisiana (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P., Kaplan, T., Shear, M.D., 2017. Trump Bypasses G.O.P. To Strike a Deal on Debt. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bertone, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Arinaminpathy and Dowdy, 2015; Bertone, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Arinaminpathy and Dowdy, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Wijnands et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0920-4105
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Fuel Technology

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