How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. British panel bans use of antidepressant to treat children. Nature 423, 792.
A journal article with 2 authors
Iijima, S., Qin, L.-C., 2002. Electron microscopic characterization of silver nanowire arrays. Science 296, 611.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang, K., Zhang, Y., Wang, S., 2013. Enhancing thermoelectric properties of organic composites through hierarchical nanostructures. Sci. Rep. 3, 3448.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Radic, S., Geitner, N.K., Podila, R., Käkinen, A., Chen, P., Ke, P.C., Ding, F., 2013. Competitive binding of natural amphiphiles with graphene derivatives. Sci. Rep. 3, 2273.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden, J.T., 2011. An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Okumura, M., Bekki, D., Satoh, K. (Eds.), 2012. New Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence: JSAI-isAI 2011 Workshops, LENLS, JURISIN, ALSIP, MiMI, Takamatsu, Japan, December 1-2, 2011. Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Homburg, C., Schäfer, H., Schneider, J., 2012. Sales Channels and Sales Partners: Designing the Route to the Customer, in: Schäfer, H., Schneider, J. (Eds.), Sales Excellence: Systematic Sales Management, Management for Professionals. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 45–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Mars Scientists Emerge From Eight-Month Isolation Experiment [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2001. Abstracts of Reports and Testimony: Fiscal Year 2000 (No. GAO-01-558SP). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T.H., 2015. Adolescent substance use family-based treatment: A grant proposal project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dunlap, D.W., Beachy, S.C., 2016. Seeking the Final Faces to Fill a Sept. 11 Tapestry. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Iijima and Qin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Iijima and Qin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Radic et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0920-4105
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Fuel Technology

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