How to format your references using the Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ormerod, P., 2012. Social networks can spread the Olympic effect. Nature 489, 337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Barnes, W., Sambles, R., 2004. Physics. Only skin deep. Science 305, 785–786.
A journal article with 3 authors
Geary, C., Rothemund, P.W.K., Andersen, E.S., 2014. RNA nanostructures. A single-stranded architecture for cotranscriptional folding of RNA nanostructures. Science 345, 799–804.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Piperno, D.R., Ranere, A.J., Holst, I., Hansell, P., 2000. Starch grains reveal early root crop horticulture in the Panamanian tropical forest. Nature 407, 894–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wiebe, V.J., 2015. Drug Therapy for Infectious Diseases of the Dog and Cat. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Shukla, G., Varma, A. (Eds.), 2011. Soil Enzymology, Soil Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, J., Man, H., Yen, N.Y., Jin, Q., Shih, T.K., 2010. Dynamic Navigation for Personalized Learning Activities Based on Gradual Adaption Recommendation Model, in: Luo, X., Spaniol, M., Wang, L., Li, Q., Nejdl, W., Zhang, W. (Eds.), Advances in Web-Based Learning – ICWL 2010: 9th International Conference, Shanghai, China, December 8-10, 2010. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Stem Cell Therapy Allows Mice With MS-Like Condition To Walk Again [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Title I Preschool Education: More Children Served, but Gauging Effect on School Readiness Difficult (No. HEHS-00-171). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitra, A., 2014. Sigma Factor N: A Novel Regulator of Acid Resistance and Locus of Enterocyte Effacement in Escherichia coli O157:H7 (Doctoral dissertation). University of South Florida, Tampa, FL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller, B., Wang, V., Piccoli, S., 2017. 3 Men From Shelter Held in Sexual Assault on Woman Leaving Church. New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ormerod, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Barnes and Sambles, 2004; Ormerod, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Barnes and Sambles, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Piperno et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Pet. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)0920-4105
ScopeGeotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
Fuel Technology

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