How to format your references using the Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Desiraju, G.R., 2003. In search of clarity. Nature 423, 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Istvan, E.S., Deisenhofer, J., 2001. Structural mechanism for statin inhibition of HMG-CoA reductase. Science 292, 1160–1164.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yu, Q., Liu, X., Tang, D., 2013. Extreme extensibility of copper foil under compound forming conditions. Sci. Rep. 3, 3556.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Curran, S.P., Wu, X., Riedel, C.G., Ruvkun, G., 2009. A soma-to-germline transformation in long-lived Caenorhabditis elegans mutants. Nature 459, 1079–1084.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Böhmer, E., 2015. Dentistry in Rabbits and Rodents. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Korbicz, J., Kowal, M. (Eds.), 2014. Intelligent Systems in Technical and Medical Diagnostics, Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Farrelly, C., Lovejoy, V., 2015. A Whole-School Approach to Adolescent Wellbeing in Open-Plan Schools, in: Prain, V., Cox, P., Deed, C., Edwards, D., Farrelly, C., Keeffe, M., Lovejoy, V., Mow, L., Sellings, P., Waldrip, B. (Eds.), Personalising Learning in Open-Plan Schools. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp. 57–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Researchers Discover The Same Swimming Technique In Over Two Dozen Unrelated Sea Creatures [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2016. Social Security Administration: Effective Planning and Management Practices Are Key to Overcoming IT Modernization Challenges (No. GAO-16-815T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shina, Y.E., 2013. Youth under the care of the child welfare and juvenile justice systems: A grant proposal for crossover youth (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L., 2014. The Justices Have Cellphones, Too. New York Times A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Desiraju, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Desiraju, 2003; Istvan and Deisenhofer, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Istvan and Deisenhofer, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Curran et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
AbbreviationEnviron. Innov. Soc. Transit.
ISSN (print)2210-4224

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