How to format your references using the Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tromans, A., 2000. Entomology. Love is not puffed up. Nature 404, 138.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aβmann, M., Bayer, M., 2013. Compressive adaptive computational ghost imaging. Sci. Rep. 3, 1545.
A journal article with 3 authors
Qiu, X.H., Nazin, G.V., Ho, W., 2003. Vibrationally resolved fluorescence excited with submolecular precision. Science 299, 542–546.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, F., Rugheimer, P., Mateeva, E., Savage, D.E., Lagally, M.G., 2002. Nanomechanics: response of a strained semiconductor structure. Nature 416, 498.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Massotte, P., Corsi, P., 2017. Smart Decisions in Complex Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Reguero, M., 2013. Late Cretaceous/Paleogene West Antarctica Terrestrial Biota and its Intercontinental Affinities, SpringerBriefs in Earth System Sciences. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Kah, O., Le Page, Y., Vosges, M., Tong, S.-K., Chung, B.-C., Brion, F., 2011. Neural Progenitors Are Direct Targets of Xenoestrogens in Zebrafish, in: Bourguignon, J.-P., Jégou, B., Kerdelhué, B., Toppari, J., Christen, Y. (Eds.), Multi-System Endocrine Disruption, Research and Perspectives in Endocrine Interactions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2016. Construction Of Huge New Hawaiian Telescope May Be Moved To The Canary Islands Following Protests [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2013. National Mediation Board: Strengthening Planning and Controls Could Better Facilitate Rail and Air Labor Relations (No. GAO-14-5). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J.J., 2017. Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. For Some Major Leaguers, It’s Always Great to See ‘Friends.’ New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tauxe, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Brown, 2003; Conard, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aβmann and Bayer, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Difilippantonio et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
AbbreviationEnviron. Innov. Soc. Transit.
ISSN (print)2210-4224

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