How to format your references using the Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Giles, J., 2001. Mad cow disease comes to Japan. Nature 413, 240.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kim, W.-Y., Snider, W.D., 2008. Neuroscience. Overcoming inhibitions. Science 322, 869–872.
A journal article with 3 authors
Angelakis, D.G., Das, P., Noh, C., 2014. Probing the topological properties of the Jackiw-Rebbi model with light. Sci. Rep. 4, 6110.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herbig, J., Kraemer, T., Mark, M., Weber, T., Chin, C., Nägerl, H.-C., Grimm, R., 2003. Preparation of a pure molecular quantum gas. Science 301, 1510–1513.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Madden, B.J., 2010. Wealth Creation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chick, G. (Ed.), 2013. Acute and Chronic Finger Injuries in Ball Sports, Sports and Traumatology. Springer, Paris.
A chapter in an edited book
Merenski, J.P., Miller, R.L., DeLozier, M.W., 2015. A Value Exchange Model for the Channel of Distribution, in: Rogers, J.C., III, Lamb, C.W., Jr. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1983 Academy of Marketing Science (AMS) Annual Conference, Developments in Marketing Science: Proceedings of the Academy of Marketing Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 22–27.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Scientists Create “Evolved” Protein That Stops Cancer Spreading In Mice [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. Public Health Information Technology: Additional Strategic Planning Needed to Guide HHS’s Efforts to Establish Electronic Situational Awareness Capabilities (No. GAO-11-99). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Davis, M., 2015. Opprobrious Identities: The Enslaving Effect of Black Respectability on Queer Black Men (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sanger-Katz, M., Abelson, R., 2017. President Dismisses Markets, but One Insurer Bets Big on Them. New York Times A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Giles, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Giles, 2001; Kim and Snider, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kim and Snider, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Herbig et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
AbbreviationEnviron. Innov. Soc. Transit.
ISSN (print)2210-4224

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