How to format your references using the Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mundy, D., 2005. Recruiters and academia. Lessons learned from a denied grant. Zen and the art of grant application. Nature 435, 382.
A journal article with 2 authors
Deeks, S.G., Barré-Sinoussi, F., 2012. Public health: Towards a cure for HIV. Nature 487, 293–294.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, X., Roberti, R., Blobel, G., 2015. Structure of an integral membrane sterol reductase from Methylomicrobium alcaliphilum. Nature 517, 104–107.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Foukal, P., Fröhlich, C., Spruit, H., Wigley, T.M.L., 2006. Variations in solar luminosity and their effect on the Earth’s climate. Nature 443, 161–166.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mishra, A.R., 2010. Cellular Technologies for Emerging Markets. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Altmann, K.-. H., 2009. The Epothilones: An Outstanding Family of Anti-Tumor Agents: From Soil to the Clinic, Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe / Progress in the Chemistry of Organic Natural Products. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Belleannée, C., Sallou, O., Nicolas, J., 2014. Logol: Expressive Pattern Matching in Sequences. Application to Ribosomal Frameshift Modeling, in: Comin, M., Käll, L., Marchiori, E., Ngom, A., Rajapakse, J. (Eds.), Pattern Recognition in Bioinformatics: 9th IAPR International Conference, PRIB 2014, Stockholm, Sweden, August 21-23, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 34–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2015. Arsenic In American Red Wine Exceeds Legal Levels For Drinking Water [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/american-red-wine-found-have-higher-levels-arsenic-legally-allowed-drinking/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986. The School Dropout Problem (No. 129915). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pookcharoen, S., 2009. Metacognitive online reading strategies among Thai EFL university students (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2001. As a Neighborhood Rebuilds, An Ex-Gadfly Gets Some Clout. New York Times 144.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mundy, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Deeks and Barré-Sinoussi, 2012; Mundy, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Deeks and Barré-Sinoussi, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Foukal et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Innovation and Societal Transitions
AbbreviationEnviron. Innov. Soc. Transit.
ISSN (print)2210-4224
Scope

Other styles