How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dalton, R.: Anger as Princeton closes “inspirational” museum. Nature. 407, 825 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, E.G., Sleep, N.H.: The habitat and nature of early life. Nature. 409, 1083–1091 (2001)
A journal article with 3 authors
Lowman, M., D’Avanzo, C., Brewer, C.: Ecology. A national ecological network for research and education. Science. 323, 1172–1173 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Thompson, A.M., Witte, J.C., Hudson, R.D., Guo, H., Herman, J.R., Fujiwara, M.: Tropical tropospheric ozone and biomass burning. Science. 291, 2128–2132 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Neil, P.V.: Beginning Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2008)
An edited book
Salinelli, E.: Modelli Dinamici Discreti. Springer, Milano (2009)
A chapter in an edited book
Enarson, E.: Two Solitudes, Many Bridges, Big Tent: Women’s Leadership in Climate and Disaster Risk Reduction. In: Alston, M. and Whittenbury, K. (eds.) Research, Action and Policy: Addressing the Gendered Impacts of Climate Change. pp. 63–74. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Cretaceous Insect Larvae Hunted Spiders Using Long Legs, Sharp Jaws,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Reimbursement of Depreciation and Interest Costs for Construction of Satellite Hospital. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Creed, C.K.: Identifying Controls on Patterns of Intermittent Streamflow in Three Streams of the American Southwest: A Geospatial Approach, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R.: The New Southern Male, (2000)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica
AbbreviationActa Mech.
ISSN (print)0001-5970
ISSN (online)1619-6937
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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