How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nerenberg, R.: Microbiology. Breathing perchlorate. Science. 340, 38–39 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Hågvar, S., Ohlson, M.: Ancient carbon from a melting glacier gives high 14C age in living pioneer invertebrates. Sci. Rep. 3, 2820 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmauss, C., Lee-McDermott, Z., Medina, L.R.: Trans-generational effects of early life stress: the role of maternal behavior. Sci. Rep. 4, 4873 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, H., Shen, X., Tang, H., Li, J., Xiang, T., Yu, W.: Using microPET imaging in quantitative verification of the acupuncture effect in ischemia stroke treatment. Sci. Rep. 3, 1070 (2013)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Koepsell, D.: Who Owns You? John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Goodman, R.D., Gorski, P.C. eds: Decolonizing “Multicultural” Counseling through Social Justice. Springer, New York, NY (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, P.-C., Kim, Y.-C.: Linkages of Cross-Functional Units in Different Types of Subsidiaries. In: Kim, Y.-C. (ed.) US Firms’ Business Competence in the Taiwanese IT Industry. pp. 183–212. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Coffee Before Bed Delays Our Internal Clock,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airline Industry: Potential Mergers and Acquisitions Driven by Financial and Competitive Pressures. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Grandon, J.: The Distribution of Apiaceae in Lafayette and St. Martin Parishes, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: By Providing Power Off the Bench, Conforto Preserves Place on Mets’ Roster, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica
AbbreviationActa Mech.
ISSN (print)0001-5970
ISSN (online)1619-6937
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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