How to format your references using the Acta Mechanica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Mechanica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M.: Disease: Closing the door on HIV. Nature. 528, S8-9 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Spilianakis, C.G., Flavell, R.A.: Molecular biology. Managing associations between different chromosomes. Science. 312, 207–208 (2006)
A journal article with 3 authors
Perrachione, T.K., Del Tufo, S.N., Gabrieli, J.D.E.: Human voice recognition depends on language ability. Science. 333, 595 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keren, K., Berman, R.S., Buchstab, E., Sivan, U., Braun, E.: DNA-templated carbon nanotube field-effect transistor. Science. 302, 1380–1382 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M.M., Islam, M.R.: Zero Waste Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2012)
An edited book
Brady, L.W., Yaeger, T.E. eds: Encyclopedia of Radiation Oncology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Gupta, A., Al-Ahmad, A.: Case 5. In: Natale, A., Al-Ahmad, A., Wang, P.J., and DiMarco, J. (eds.) Cardiac Electrophysiology: Clinical Case Review. pp. 19–21. Springer, London (2011)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Mechanica.

Blog post
Evans, K.: An Asteroid Just Flew By Earth About 50% Closer Than The Moon, And We Barely Saw It Coming,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: The Title I Program for the Handicapped. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1977)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ibarra, A.L.: Novice Clinicians and the Experience of Transcendence in Clinical Training and Supervision, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Park, L.S.: No Safe Place, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Mechanica
AbbreviationActa Mech.
ISSN (print)0001-5970
ISSN (online)1619-6937
ScopeComputational Mechanics
Mechanical Engineering

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