How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Howie A (2012) Akira Tonomura (1942-2012). Nature 486:324
A journal article with 2 authors
Krüger F, Ohrnberger M (2005) Tracking the rupture of the Mw = 9.3 Sumatra earthquake over 1,150 km at teleseismic distance. Nature 435:937–939
A journal article with 3 authors
Miller SP, Lunzer M, Dean AM (2006) Direct demonstration of an adaptive constraint. Science 314:458–461
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Sánchez-Danés A, Larsimont J-C, Liagre M, et al (2018) A slow-cycling LGR5 tumour population mediates basal cell carcinoma relapse after therapy. Nature 562:434–438

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chaudhry A, Coetsee D, Bakker E, et al (2014) 2015 Interpretation and Application of International Financial Reporting Standards. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Cunningham H, Hanbury A, Rüger S (eds) (2010) Advances in Multidisciplinary Retrieval: First Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2010, Vienna, Austria, May 31, 2010. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Knopp T, Buzug TM (2012) Prior to Reconstruction – The System Function. In: Buzug TM (ed) Magnetic Particle Imaging: An Introduction to Imaging Principles and Scanner Instrumentation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 97–125

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Too Much Of This Vitamin Could Give You Acne. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Telecommunications: Direct Broadcast Satellite Subscribership Has Grown Rapidly, but Varies across Different Types of Markets. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Yang L (2012) A comparison of unsupervised learning techniques for detection of medical abuse in automobile claims. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu L (2017) On Dealing With NATO Allies, and Military Spending. New York Times A12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Howie 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Krüger and Ohrnberger 2005; Howie 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Krüger and Ohrnberger 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sánchez-Danés et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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