How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mascola JR (2015) HIV. The modern era of HIV-1 vaccine development. Science 349:139–140
A journal article with 2 authors
Chenn A, Walsh CA (2002) Regulation of cerebral cortical size by control of cell cycle exit in neural precursors. Science 297:365–369
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta G, Jalil MBA, Liang G (2014) Effect of band-alignment operation on carrier transport in Bi2Se3 topological insulator. Sci Rep 4:6220
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Noble PW, Young MR, Bernatsky S, et al (2014) A nucleolytic lupus autoantibody is toxic to BRCA2-deficient cancer cells. Sci Rep 4:5958

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yang H, Lee EK (2016) Healthcare Analytics: From Data to Knowledge to Healthcare Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
An edited book
Chesi G (2009) Homogeneous Polynomial Forms for Robustness Analysis of Uncertain Systems. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Easwaran S, Dixit M, Sinha S (2015) Bitcoin Dynamics: The Inverse Square Law of Price Fluctuations and Other Stylized Facts. In: Abergel F, Aoyama H, Chakrabarti BK, et al. (eds) Econophysics and Data Driven Modelling of Market Dynamics. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 121–128

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Almost 150 Of Our Genes May Have Come From Microbes. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) FCC: Provision of Roaming Services by Commercial Mobile Radio Service Providers. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huger Marsh DP (2012) Perspectives of disciplinary problems and practices in elementary schools. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Duerden J (2017) Trendy Shanghai District Has a Team With Glitter of Its Own. New York Times B11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mascola 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Chenn and Walsh 2002; Mascola 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chenn and Walsh 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Noble et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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