How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews (Biophys Rev). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singer PW (2011) Military robotics and ethics: a world of killer apps. Nature 477:399–401
A journal article with 2 authors
Bhoj VG, Chen ZJ (2009) Ubiquitylation in innate and adaptive immunity. Nature 458:430–437
A journal article with 3 authors
Gao Y, Chen G, Chan RHM (2014) Naming game on networks: let everyone be both speaker and hearer. Sci Rep 4:6149
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Blasco R, Finlayson C, Rosell J, et al (2014) The earliest pigeon fanciers. Sci Rep 4:5971

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Thiessen H (1996) Measuring the Real World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, England
An edited book
Mackenzie JS, Jeggo M, Daszak P, Richt JA (eds) (2013) One Health: The Human-Animal-Environment Interfaces in Emerging Infectious Diseases: The Concept and Examples of a One Health Approach. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Wasserman T, Wasserman LD (2016) A Proposed Learning Model for Therapy. In: Wasserman LD (ed) Depathologizing Psychopathology: The Neuroscience of Mental Illness and Its Treatment. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 23–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) Weather Detected On A World With Sapphire And Ruby Clouds. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Issues Raised by Proposal to Replace the Airline Ticket Tax. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alsobrook JA (2013) Music Education in America: A Content Analysis and National Perspective of Standards-Based Outcomes for K–8 General Music. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Baseball; Rainout Gives Injured Mets More Rest. New York Times B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKay 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Dixon 2001; Brumfiel 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bhoj and Chen 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Cao et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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