How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amaravadi RK (2011) Cancer. Autophagy in tumor immunity. Science 334:1501–1502
A journal article with 2 authors
Stefankiewicz AR, Sanders JKM (2010) Chemistry. Harmony of the self-assembled spheres. Science 328:1115–1116
A journal article with 3 authors
Weidinger M, Møller P, Fynbo JPU (2004) The Lyman-alpha glow of gas falling into the dark matter halo of a z = 3 galaxy. Nature 430:999–1001
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ning W, Du H, Kong F, et al (2013) One-dimensional weak antilocalization in single-crystal Bi2Te3 nanowires. Sci Rep 3:1564

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tardu S (2011) Statistical Approach to Wall Turbulence. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Lyons P (ed) (2006) Obstetrics in Family Medicine: A Practical Guide. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
Zheng H, Yang G (2012) Investigation of Aerodynamic Performance of High-Speed Train by Detached Eddy Simulation. In: Ni Y-Q, Ye X-W (eds) Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on High-Speed and Intercity Railways: Volume 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 31–39

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Octopus Vs. Jar. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1997) Health, Education and Human Services Information Systems Issue Area--Active Assignments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Neilson DH (2009) Structured interactions and collective outcomes essays on production and finance. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2006) Case of the Dwindling Docket Mystifies the Supreme Court. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amaravadi 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Stefankiewicz and Sanders 2010; Amaravadi 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stefankiewicz and Sanders 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ning et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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