How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D (2002) Cell biology gets plugged in. Nature 417:6
A journal article with 2 authors
Audétat A, Keppler H (2004) Viscosity of fluids in subduction zones. Science 303:513–516
A journal article with 3 authors
Monje ML, Toda H, Palmer TD (2003) Inflammatory blockade restores adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Science 302:1760–1765
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wasmer C, Lange A, Van Melckebeke H, et al (2008) Amyloid fibrils of the HET-s(218-289) prion form a beta solenoid with a triangular hydrophobic core. Science 319:1523–1526

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ibrahim RA (2017) Handbook of Structural Life Assessment. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Kostrzewa RM (ed) (2014) Handbook of Neurotoxicity. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Kishi Y, Hasegawa K, Kokudo N (2013) Surgical Resection for Small Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Cirrhosis: The Eastern Experience. In: Vauthey J-N, Brouquet A (eds) Multidisciplinary Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 69–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Davis J (2016) Early Humans Colonized Europe In A Series Of Separate Waves. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1983) Noncitizen Student Loan Defaults. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Roberts EM (2006) Whose Books Get Published?: Individual Agency and the Business of Children’s Publishing. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao PS, Isaac M (2017) Uber, Lamenting Cost of ‘Bad Reputation,’ Loses London License. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2002; Audétat and Keppler 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Audétat and Keppler 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Wasmer et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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