How to format your references using the Biophysical Reviews citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Biophysical Reviews. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kuhn NJ (2000) Learn lateral thinking first and specialize later. Nature 404:542
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon O-H, Zewail AH (2010) 4D electron tomography. Science 328:1668–1673
A journal article with 3 authors
Ryu H-W, Park C-W, Ryu K-Y (2014) Disruption of polyubiquitin gene Ubb causes dysregulation of neural stem cell differentiation with premature gliogenesis. Sci Rep 4:7026
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Croll DA, Clark CW, Acevedo A, et al (2002) Only male fin whales sing loud songs. Nature 417:809

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Bagotsky V, M. Skundin A, M. Volfkovich Y (2014) Electrochemical Power Sources. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Nikoletseas S, Rolim JDP (eds) (2011) Theoretical Aspects of Distributed Computing in Sensor Networks. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
de Freitas CR, Perry M (2012) The Land. In: Perry M (ed) New Environmentalism: Managing New Zealand’s Environmental Diversity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 133–161

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Biophysical Reviews.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Scientists Create Electric Circuits Inside Plants. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013) Satellite Control: Long-Term Planning and Adoption of Commercial Practices Could Improve DOD’s Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ho T (2012) The influence of physical activity and unsafe neighborhoods on the development of gestational diabetes among women in California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard B (2016) Aleppo Reeling as Air Assaults Are Stepped Up. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kuhn 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Kuhn 2000; Kwon and Zewail 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kwon and Zewail 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Croll et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleBiophysical Reviews
AbbreviationBiophys. Rev.
ISSN (print)1867-2450
ISSN (online)1867-2469
Molecular Biology
Structural Biology

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