How to format your references using the Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (BSSA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barrett, T. A., 2012, Developmental biology. Intestinal wound healing requires a Wnt balancing act, Science, 338, no. 6103, 51–52.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bartek, J., and J. Lukas, 2006, Cell biology. The stress of finding NEMO, Science, 311, no. 5764, 1110–1111.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ehrsson, H. H., C. Spence, and R. E. Passingham, 2004, That’s my hand! Activity in premotor cortex reflects feeling of ownership of a limb, Science, 305, no. 5685, 875–877.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Head, J. W., J. F. Mustard, M. A. Kreslavsky, R. E. Milliken, and D. R. Marchant, 2003, Recent ice ages on Mars, Nature, 426, no. 6968, 797–802.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vento, J. J., 2013, Financial Independence (Getting to Point X ), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jain, V., 2012, Pharmacology of Bombax ceiba Linn, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, SpringerBriefs in Pharmacology and Toxicology.
A chapter in an edited book
Large, D. C., and J. J. H. Large, 2016, A Most Contentious Contest: Politics and Protests at the 1936 Berlin Olympics, in Sport, Protest and Globalisation: Stopping Play J. Dart, and S. Wagg (Editors), Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 51–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015, Researchers Discover Huge Underground Neolithic “Super-Henge,” IFLScience: <> (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000, Early Education and Care: Overlap Indicates Need to Assess Crosscutting Programs, HEHS-00-78, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Klochko, K., 2009, An empirical re-evaluation of the boron isotope/pH proxy in marine carbonates, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chumsky, S., 2013, Two Legacies, Now Home to Roost, E1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barrett, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bartek and Lukas, 2006; Barrett, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bartek and Lukas, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Head et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the Seismological Society of America
ISSN (print)0037-1106
ISSN (online)1943-3573

Other styles