How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lovelock, James. 2003. “Gaia: The Living Earth.” Nature 426 (6968): 769–770.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nicholson, Donald W., and Nancy A. Thornberry. 2003. “Apoptosis. Life and Death Decisions.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 299 (5604): 214–215.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lohmann, Christian, Karen L. Myhr, and Rachel O. L. Wong. 2002. “Transmitter-Evoked Local Calcium Release Stabilizes Developing Dendrites.” Nature 418 (6894): 177–181.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Baker, D. N., S. G. Kanekal, X. Li, S. P. Monk, J. Goldstein, and J. L. Burch. 2004. “An Extreme Distortion of the Van Allen Belt Arising from the ‘Hallowe’en’ Solar Storm in 2003.” Nature 432 (7019): 878–881.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dorronsoro, Bernabé, Patricia Ruiz, Grégoire Danoy, Yoann Pigné, and Pascal Bouvry. 2014. Evolutionary Algorithms for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hamilton, Sarah C. 2012. Geometric Control of Patterned Linear Systems. Edited by Mireille E. Broucke. Vol. 428. Lecture Notes in Control and Information Sciences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nečasová, Šárka, and Stanislav Kračmar. 2016. “Fundamental Solution of the Stationary Problem.” In Navier-Stokes Flow Around a Rotating Obstacle: Mathematical Analysis of Its Asymptotic Behavior, edited by Stanislav Kracmar, 25–38. Atlantis Briefs in Differential Equations. Paris: Atlantis Press.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2015. “Why Is It So Cold In Here? Setting The Office Thermostat Right – For Both Sexes.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2015. Transportation Safety: Results of Collection of Information on State Permitting Practices for Oversize Vehicles (GAO-15-235SP, February 2015), an E-Supplement to GAO-15-236 [Reissued on February 27, 2015]. GAO-15-235SP. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sorensen, Thomas R. 2010. “The Use of Classroom Walk-Through Observations as a Strategy to Improve Teaching and Learning: A Student Centered Perspective.” Doctoral dissertation, St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, Linda. 2009. “Big Breaks on Unpaid Parking Tickets, for a Limited Time Only.” New York Times, March 15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lovelock 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lovelock 2003; Nicholson and Thornberry 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nicholson and Thornberry 2003)
  • Three authors: (Lohmann, Myhr, and Wong 2002)
  • 4 or more authors: (Baker et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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