How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gravitz, Lauren. 2015. “Animal Behaviour: Nested Instincts.” Nature 521 (7552): S60-1.
A journal article with 2 authors
Münck, Eckard, and Emile L. Bominaar. 2008. “Chemistry. Bringing Stability to Highly Reduced Iron-Sulfur Clusters.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 321 (5895): 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grafton, R. Q., T. Kompas, and R. W. Hilborn. 2007. “Economics of Overexploitation Revisited.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 318 (5856): 1601.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Jonkheijm, Pascal, Paul van der Schoot, Albertus P. H. J. Schenning, and E. W. Meijer. 2006. “Probing the Solvent-Assisted Nucleation Pathway in Chemical Self-Assembly.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 313 (5783): 80–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wilson, Gregory P. 2011. Managing to the New Regulatory Reality. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Braz, José, Alpesh Ranchordas, Helder Araújo, and Joaquim Jorge, eds. 2007. Advances in Computer Graphics and Computer Vision: International Conferences VISAPP and GRAPP 2006, Setúbal, Portugal, February 25-28, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 4. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Webster, James, Jonathan Roberts, and Roy Jones. 2008. “Development of a Comfort Model for Cricket Leg Guards (P9).” In The Engineering of Sport 7: Vol. 1, edited by Pierre Brisson, 35–44. Paris: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Taub, Ben. 2016. “Antibiotic Cow Farts Contain More Methane.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Navigation Systems. 094674. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zurheide, Philip Klaus. 2009. “Hydromorphology of Anomalous Bright Loamy Soils on the Mid-Atlantic Coastal Plain.” Doctoral dissertation, College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Haigney, Sophie. 2017. “Stunt Deaths Renew a Debate Over Safety.” New York Times, August 29.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gravitz 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gravitz 2015; Münck and Bominaar 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Münck and Bominaar 2008)
  • Three authors: (Grafton, Kompas, and Hilborn 2007)
  • 4 or more authors: (Jonkheijm et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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