How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Scarpa, Toni. 2006. “Research Funding: Peer Review at NIH.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 311 (5757): 41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kutateladze, T., and M. Overduin. 2001. “Structural Mechanism of Endosome Docking by the FYVE Domain.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 291 (5509): 1793–1796.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, Long, Nir Friedman, and X. Sunney Xie. 2006. “Stochastic Protein Expression in Individual Cells at the Single Molecule Level.” Nature 440 (7082): 358–362.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhang, Wei, Keya Wang, Yiqi Luo, Yunting Fang, Junhua Yan, Tao Zhang, Xiaomin Zhu, Hao Chen, Wantong Wang, and Jiangming Mo. 2014. “Methane Uptake in Forest Soils along an Urban-to-Rural Gradient in Pearl River Delta, South China.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5120.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Whitcomb, Clifford A., and Leslie E. Whitcomb. 2013. Effective Interpersonal and Team Communication Skills for Engineers. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Cherry, Katie E., ed. 2009. Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita, and Other Storms. New York, NY: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Martins, Tiago Estêvão. 2016. “Student Views on Cross-Border Higher Education: The Views of the European Students’ Union.” In Cross-Border Higher Education and Quality Assurance: Commerce, the Services Directive and Governing Higher Education, edited by Maria João Rosa, Cláudia S. Sarrico, Orlanda Tavares, and Alberto Amaral, 93–102. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Hale, Tom. 2016. “How To Watch The Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower Tonight.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1973. Corrections and Pretrial Diversion Projects Funded by Grants From LEAA. B-171019. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slaughter, Rodney A. 2017. “Tradition and Progress: California Fire Technology Directors Beliefs and Values.” Doctoral dissertation, Malibu, CA: Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Ruprecht, Tom. 2010. “High-School Redux.” New York Times, April 2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Scarpa 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Scarpa 2006; Kutateladze and Overduin 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kutateladze and Overduin 2001)
  • Three authors: (Cai, Friedman, and Xie 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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