How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C. 2000. “World Bank Is Urged to Give Greater Priority to Science.” Nature 407 (6802): 276.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lazio, T. Joseph W., and Theodore N. LaRosa. 2005. “Astronomy. At the Heart of the Milky Way.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 307 (5710): 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rokas, Antonis, Dirk Krüger, and Sean B. Carroll. 2005. “Animal Evolution and the Molecular Signature of Radiations Compressed in Time.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 310 (5756): 1933–1938.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhu, Chunpeng, Wei Hu, Hao Wu, and Xun Hu. 2014. “No Evident Dose-Response Relationship between Cellular ROS Level and Its Cytotoxicity--a Paradoxical Issue in ROS-Based Cancer Therapy.” Scientific Reports 4 (May): 5029.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandru, Vijay, and John Hooker. 1999. Optimization Methods for Logical Inference. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Lodaya, Kamal, ed. 2013. Logic and Its Applications: 5th Indian Conference, ICLA 2013, Chennai, India, January 10-12, 2013. Proceedings. Vol. 7750. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Futagami, Koichi, and Akihisa Shibata. 2016. “Keeping One Step Ahead of the Joneses: Status, the Distribution of Wealth, and Long Run Growth.” In Behavioral Interactions, Markets, and Economic Dynamics: Topics in Behavioral Economics, edited by Shinsuke Ikeda, Hideaki Kiyoshi Kato, Fumio Ohtake, and Yoshiro Tsutsui, 141–162. Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “How Shrinking Aided Evolutionary Success of Dinosaurs.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 2002. Air Traffic Control: FAA Needs to Better Prepare for Impending Wave of Controller Attrition. GAO-02-591. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kim, Jae Woo. 2009. “Perceptually Motivated Automatic Dance Motion Generation for Music.” Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, Kelly. 2001. “Fireman’s Spirit Is the Wind Beneath a Bird’s Wings.” New York Times, November 11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Macilwain 2000; Lazio and LaRosa 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lazio and LaRosa 2005)
  • Three authors: (Rokas, Krüger, and Carroll 2005)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zhu et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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