How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Elliott, Tim. 2014. “Planetary Science. Speed Metal.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 344 (6188): 1086–1087.
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal, Edward J., and Seth R. Bordenstein. 2015. “MICROBIOME. Rethinking Heritability of the Microbiome.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 349 (6253): 1172–1173.
A journal article with 3 authors
Liu, X. C., H. W. Zhang, and K. Lu. 2013. “Strain-Induced Ultrahard and Ultrastable Nanolaminated Structure in Nickel.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 342 (6156): 337–340.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Focia, Pamela J., Irina V. Shepotinovskaya, James A. Seidler, and Douglas M. Freymann. 2004. “Heterodimeric GTPase Core of the SRP Targeting Complex.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 303 (5656): 373–377.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bliesner, David M. 2006. Establishing a CGMP Laboratory Audit System. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wittbrodt, Edmund. 2006. Dynamics of Flexible Multibody Systems: Rigid Finite Element Method. Edited by Iwona Adamiec-Wójcik and Stanisaw Wojciech. Foundations of Engineering Mechanics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lim, Hubert H., Minoo Lenarz, and Thomas Lenarz. 2009. “A New Auditory Prosthesis Using Deep Brain Stimulation: Development and Implementation.” In Implantable Neural Prostheses 1: Devices and Applications, edited by Elias Greenbaum and David Zhou, 117–153. Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering. New York, NY: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Fang, Janet. 2014. “Digital Metamaterials Get Us Closer to Invisibility Cloaks.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1982. The Impact of Budget Cuts on Three Directorates of the National Science Foundation. PAD-82-25. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, H. Paul. 2003. “The Pragmatics of Direct Address in the Iliad: A Study in Linguistic Politeness.” Doctoral dissertation, Columbus, OH: Ohio State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, Caitlin. 2009. “For the Stressed Business Owner, a Range of Pursuits to Revive the Spirit.” New York Times, September 3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Elliott 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Elliott 2014; van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015)
  • Three authors: (Liu, Zhang, and Lu 2013)
  • 4 or more authors: (Focia et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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