How to format your references using the British Journal of Sociology of Education citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sociology of Education. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Parsch, John. 2011. “Evolution. The Cost of Being Male.” Science (New York, N.Y.) 332 (6031): 798–799.
A journal article with 2 authors
Genda, Hidenori, and Yutaka Abe. 2005. “Enhanced Atmospheric Loss on Protoplanets at the Giant Impact Phase in the Presence of Oceans.” Nature 433 (7028): 842–844.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schmidt, Daniel, Qiu-Xing Jiang, and Roderick MacKinnon. 2006. “Phospholipids and the Origin of Cationic Gating Charges in Voltage Sensors.” Nature 444 (7120): 775–779.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zimmermann, Michal, Olga Murina, Martin A. M. Reijns, Angelo Agathanggelou, Rachel Challis, Žygimantė Tarnauskaitė, Morwenna Muir, et al. 2018. “CRISPR Screens Identify Genomic Ribonucleotides as a Source of PARP-Trapping Lesions.” Nature 559 (7713): 285–289.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Duffy, Daniel J. 2006. Introduction to C++ for Financial Engineers. Oxford, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Anne Bollwerk, Elizabeth, and Shannon Tushingham, eds. 2016. Perspectives on the Archaeology of Pipes, Tobacco and Other Smoke Plants in the Ancient Americas. 1st ed. 2016. Interdisciplinary Contributions to Archaeology. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Bruzzone, Agostino G., Marina Massei, Francesco Longo, Davide Scalzo, Carlo Martini, Jonathan Villanueva, and Luca Bucchianica. 2016. “Simulation Based Design of Innovative Quick Response Processes in Cloud Supply Chain Management for ‘Slow Food’ Distribution.” In Theory, Methodology, Tools and Applications for Modeling and Simulation of Complex Systems: 16th Asia Simulation Conference and SCS Autumn Simulation Multi-Conference, AsiaSim/SCS AutumnSim 2016, Beijing, China, October 8-11, 2016, Proceedings, Part III, edited by Lin Zhang, Xiao Song, and Yunjie Wu, 25–34. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sociology of Education.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise. 2014. “Researchers Develop Muscle Powered Biorobots.” IFLScience. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1972. GAO Role in the Evaluation of Federally Funded Education Programs. 094553. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McKelvey, Diane Mcjury. 2008. “Relationships between Attitudes of School-Based Administrators and Inclusion Practices of Students with Autism/Asperger’s Syndrome.” Doctoral dissertation, Phoenix, AZ: University of Phoenix.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson, Michael. 2017. “Plays Big and Small Split a Top Obie Award.” New York Times, May 23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Parsch 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Parsch 2011; Genda and Abe 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Genda and Abe 2005)
  • Three authors: (Schmidt, Jiang, and MacKinnon 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Zimmermann et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sociology of Education
AbbreviationBr. J. Sociol. Educ.
ISSN (print)0142-5692
ISSN (online)1465-3346
Sociology and Political Science

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