How to format your references using the World Allergy Organization Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for World Allergy Organization Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Angier N. No, no, no. Science. 2000;289:550a.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Clarke CF, Allan CM. Biochemistry: Unexpected role for vitamin B2. Nature. 2015;522:427–8.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Shiu R-F, Chin W-C, Lee C-L. Carbonaceous particles reduce marine microgel formation. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5856.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. West RA, Brown ME, Salinas SV, Bouchez AH, Roe HG. No oceans on Titan from the absence of a near-infrared specular reflection. Nature. 2005;436:670–2.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Rao KR, Bojkovic ZS, Milovanovic DA. Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Heupel M, Reinold T, editors. The Rule of Law in Global Governance. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cantz T, Sharma AD, Manns MP, Ott M. Liver. In: Steinhoff G, editor. Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 5 Regenerative Therapies II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 145–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for World Allergy Organization Journal.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. New Hepatitis C Vaccine Shows Promise In Human Trials [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Nov. Report No.: RCED-91-32.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Tsang SD. The depth range of azimuthal anisotropy beneath Southern California via analyses of long-period Rayleigh-waves [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Koblin J. CBS Late-Night Host Wins Season Ratings Battle, Thanks to DVRs. New York Times. 2017 May 24;B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWorld Allergy Organization Journal
AbbreviationWorld Allergy Organ. J.
ISSN (online)1939-4551
ScopeImmunology and Allergy

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