How to format your references using the Advanced Engineering Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Engineering Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
P. Tian, Three giants tighten their grip, Nature. 528 (2015) S176-8.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.K. Sinha, C.M. Smith, Selection of reference genes for expression analysis in Diuraphis noxia (Hemiptera: Aphididae) fed on resistant and susceptible wheat plants, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5059.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.K. Hamlin, K. Wynn, P. Bloom, Social evaluation by preverbal infants, Nature. 450 (2007) 557–559.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.-W. Lee, D.-Y. Son, T.K. Ahn, H.-W. Shin, I.Y. Kim, S.-J. Hwang, M.J. Ko, S. Sul, H. Han, N.-G. Park, Quantum-dot-sensitized solar cell with unprecedentedly high photocurrent, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1050.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Popescu, A. Gharbi, D. Stefanoiu, P. Borne, Process Control Design for Industrial Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2017.
An edited book
T. Pedersen, L. Bals, P.D. Ørberg Jensen, M.M. Larsen, eds., The Offshoring Challenge: Strategic Design and Innovation for Tomorrow’s Organization, Springer, London, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
F. Bauer, H. Groß, Exploring Terra Incognita – Operating Hours in the Service Sector, in: M. Smith, G. Cette, F. Bauer, L. Delsen (Eds.), Comparative Analyses of Operating Hours and Working Times in the European Union, Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 2009: pp. 83–115.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Engineering Informatics.

Blog post
K. Evans, Republicans Launch Attempt To Repeal Endangered Species Act, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, What Every Auditor Should Know About Computer Information Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1986.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.J. Miramontes, Examining eye fixation patterns during the Situation Present Assessment Method (SPAM) under varying levels of workload, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.J.O. Murphy, ‘Roots,’ the Series That Had Everyone Talking, New York Times. (2016) C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Engineering Informatics
AbbreviationAdv. Eng. Inform.
ISSN (print)1474-0346
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Information Systems

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