How to format your references using the Advanced Engineering Informatics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Engineering Informatics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Mathur, The physics detective: Schrödinger’s mousetrap. Part 2, Nature. 433 (2005) 363.
A journal article with 2 authors
S. Bauer, B.J. Hoye, Migratory animals couple biodiversity and ecosystem functioning worldwide, Science. 344 (2014) 1242552.
A journal article with 3 authors
F. Haerizadeh, M.B. Singh, P.L. Bhalla, Transcriptional repression distinguishes somatic from germ cell lineages in a plant, Science. 313 (2006) 496–499.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
G.H. Jones, E. Roussos, N. Krupp, C. Paranicas, J. Woch, A. Lagg, D.G. Mitchell, S.M. Krimigis, M.K. Dougherty, Enceladus’ varying imprint on the magnetosphere of Saturn, Science. 311 (2006) 1412–1415.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Glisic, Advanced Wireless Communications, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005.
An edited book
B. Arts, A. Lagendijk, H. van Houtum, eds., The Disoriented State: Shifts in Governmentality, Territoriality and Governance, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
T. Kardel, P. Maquet, 3 In Paris and France 1664-1665, in: T. Kardel, P. Maquet (Eds.), Nicolaus Steno: Biography and Original Papers of a 17th Century Scientist, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 115–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Engineering Informatics.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Watch Live As Two Astronauts Perform A Spacewalk On The ISS Today, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Coordination of Computerized Information Systems Reporting on Active Research Efforts, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
V.R. Schick, Examining the vulva: The relationship between female genital aesthetic perceptions and gynecological care, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Dinardo, Jim Gaffigan, on Traveling With Young Children, New York Times. (2015) TR3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Engineering Informatics
AbbreviationAdv. Eng. Inform.
ISSN (print)1474-0346
ScopeArtificial Intelligence
Information Systems

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