How to format your references using the Buildings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Buildings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chien, K.R. Regenerative Medicine and Human Models of Human Disease. Nature 2008, 453, 302–305.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oreskes, N.; Conway, E.M. Defeating the Merchants of Doubt. Nature 2010, 465, 686–687.
A journal article with 3 authors
López, C.A.; de Vries, A.H.; Marrink, S.J. Computational Microscopy of Cyclodextrin Mediated Cholesterol Extraction from Lipid Model Membranes. Sci. Rep. 2013, 3, 2071.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chang, P.; Fang, Y.; Saravanan, R.; Ji, L.; Seidel, H. The Cause of the Fragile Relationship between the Pacific El Niño and the Atlantic Niño. Nature 2006, 443, 324–328.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Delgrossi, L.; Zhang, T. Vehicle Safety Communications; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118452189.
An edited book
Mathematics Without Boundaries: Surveys in Pure Mathematics; Rassias, T.M., Pardalos, P.M., Eds.; Springer: New York, NY, 2014; ISBN 9781493911059.
A chapter in an edited book
Newman, L. Questions About Gender: Children with Atypical Gender Development. In Disorders of Sex Development: An Integrated Approach to Management; Hutson, J.M., Warne, G.L., Grover, S.R., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 31–39 ISBN 9783642229633.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Buildings.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Peak Athletic Performance Is Dependent On Sleep Cycle (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Governmentwide Initiatives: Critical Issues Facing the Next Federal Telecommunications System; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1994;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olson, B.A. Problem Management: A System Engineering Management Framework. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Latvia: Language Law Dropped. New York Times 2002, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBuildings
ISSN (online)2075-5309

Other styles