How to format your references using the Buildings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Buildings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Javanainen, J. Physics. Bose-Einstein Condensates Interfere and Survive. Science 2005, 307, 1883–1885.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hunt, P.A.; Hassold, T.J. Sex Matters in Meiosis. Science 2002, 296, 2181–2183.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karlin, S.; Bergman, A.; Gentles, A.J. Genomics. Annotation of the Drosophila Genome. Nature 2001, 411, 259–260.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kubo, T.; Ohtani, E.; Kondo, T.; Kato, T.; Toma, M.; Hosoya, T.; Sano, A.; Kikegawa, T.; Nagase, T. Metastable Garnet in Oceanic Crust at the Top of the Lower Mantle. Nature 2002, 420, 803–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Perry, D.E.; Haluska, M.J. Hiring Greatness; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119176619.
An edited book
Advances in Computer Games: 12th International Conference, ACG 2009, Pamplona Spain, May 11-13, 2009. Revised Papers; Herik, H.J. van D., Spronck, P., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; Vol. 6048; ISBN 9783642129926.
A chapter in an edited book
Gschwind, T.; Koehler, J.; Wong, J. Applying Patterns during Business Process Modeling. In Business Process Management: 6th International Conference, BPM 2008, Milan, Italy, September 2-4, 2008. Proceedings; Dumas, M., Reichert, M., Shan, M.-C., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008; pp. 4–19 ISBN 9783540857570.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Buildings.

Blog post
Andrew, D. How To Fix All Of Your Sleep Problems With Science Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Program To Strengthen Developing Institutions of Higher Education Lacks Direction; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1979;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McConnell, M.E. A Dual Diagnosis of Hearing Loss and an Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Illustrative Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. LCD Soundsystem Tops Album Chart. New York Times 2017, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBuildings
ISSN (online)2075-5309

Other styles