How to format your references using the Buildings citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Buildings. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Conrad, J. Reproducibility: Don’t cry wolf. Nature 2015, 523, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bisley, J.W.; Goldberg, M.E. Neuronal activity in the lateral intraparietal area and spatial attention. Science 2003, 299, 81–86.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hare, T.A.; Camerer, C.F.; Rangel, A. Self-control in decision-making involves modulation of the vmPFC valuation system. Science 2009, 324, 646–648.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ryan, J.V.; Berry, A.D.; Anderson, M.L.; Long, J.W.; Stroud, R.M.; Cepak, V.M.; Browning, V.M.; Rolison, D.R.; Merzbacher, C.I. Electronic connection to the interior of a mesoporous insulator with nanowires of crystalline RuO2. Nature 2000, 406, 169–172.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marston, R.C. Portfolio Design; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118267660.
An edited book
Adaptive Agents and Multi-Agent Systems II: Adaptation and Multi-Agent Learning; Kudenko, D., Kazakov, D., Alonso, E., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005; Vol. 3394; ISBN 9783540252603.
A chapter in an edited book
Farrelly, C.; Lovejoy, V. A Whole-School Approach to Adolescent Wellbeing in Open-Plan Schools. In Personalising Learning in Open-Plan Schools; Prain, V., Cox, P., Deed, C., Edwards, D., Farrelly, C., Keeffe, M., Lovejoy, V., Mow, L., Sellings, P., Waldrip, B., Eds.; SensePublishers: Rotterdam, 2015; pp. 57–76 ISBN 9789463001939.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Buildings.

Blog post
Andrew, D. The Definitive, Scientific Answers To 20 Health Questions Everyone Has Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Oversight of DOJ Funds for Recreational Activities; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2010;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mendoza-Williams, J. Road to success: The experiences of academically successful graduation-bound African American males. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rueck, K. “ LITTLE TIME FOR EXTRAS”; What’s a Stewardess. New York Times 1972, travel and resorts-summer vacations-part 1XX4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBuildings
ISSN (online)2075-5309

Other styles