How to format your references using the Marine Geophysical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geophysical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buchen L (2011) Cancer: Missing the mark. Nature 471:428–432
A journal article with 2 authors
Sáez AG, Lozano E (2005) Body doubles. Nature 433:111
A journal article with 3 authors
Holm MS, Saravanamurugan S, Taarning E (2010) Conversion of sugars to lactic acid derivatives using heterogeneous zeotype catalysts. Science 328:602–605
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reznick DN, Bryant MJ, Roff D, et al (2004) Effect of extrinsic mortality on the evolution of senescence in guppies. Nature 431:1095–1099

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yeakley CL, Fiebrich JD (2015) Collaborative Process Improvement. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Hollmén J, Klawonn F, Tucker A (eds) (2012) Advances in Intelligent Data Analysis XI: 11th International Symposium, IDA 2012, Helsinki, Finland, October 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Rota Bulò S, Pelillo M (2009) New Bounds on the Clique Number of Graphs Based on Spectral Hypergraph Theory. In: Stützle T (ed) Learning and Intelligent Optimization: Third International Conference, LION 3, Trento, Italy, January 14-18, 2009. Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 45–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geophysical Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Remains Of An Enormous Sea Creature Are Baffling Beach-Goers In Wales. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2006) NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope: Knowledge-Based Acquisition Approach Key to Addressing Program Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao X (2006) Exfoliation Corrosion Kinetics of High Strength Aluminum Alloys. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L (2007) Justices Revisit Campaign Finance Issue. New York Times A9

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Buchen 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Sáez and Lozano 2005; Buchen 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sáez and Lozano 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Reznick et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geophysical Research
AbbreviationMar. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)0025-3235
ISSN (online)1573-0581
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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