How to format your references using the Marine Geophysical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geophysical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lusk C (2003) Plant ecology: Tree-species competition and coexistence. Nature 422:580–1; discussion 852
A journal article with 2 authors
Douvris C, Ozerov OV (2008) Hydrodefluorination of perfluoroalkyl groups using silylium-carborane catalysts. Science 321:1188–1190
A journal article with 3 authors
Leopold DA, Bondar IV, Giese MA (2006) Norm-based face encoding by single neurons in the monkey inferotemporal cortex. Nature 442:572–575
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bikard D, Patel D, Le Metté C, et al (2009) Divergent evolution of duplicate genes leads to genetic incompatibilities within A. thaliana. Science 323:623–626

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hopkins BR (2012) Starting and Managing a Nonprofit Organization. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Holder RD, Mitton S (eds) (2012) Georges Lemaître: Life, Science and Legacy. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Trotter G (2012) Why the West Spurns Medical Rituals. In: Solomon D, Fan R, Lo P-C (eds) Ritual and the Moral Life: Reclaiming the Tradition. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 75–86

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geophysical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) Dear Prince Charles: An Open Letter About Homeopathy From A Chemist. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998) Federal Documents in Languages Other Than English Published and Distributed in Calendar Years 1995-1997. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rose L (2012) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing: An Exploration From Science to Soul. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2007) Bill Penalizes Adults in Under-Age Drinking. New York Times LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lusk 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Lusk 2003; Douvris and Ozerov 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Douvris and Ozerov 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Bikard et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geophysical Research
AbbreviationMar. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)0025-3235
ISSN (online)1573-0581
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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