How to format your references using the Marine Geophysical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Marine Geophysical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zolla-Pazner S (2014) A critical question for HIV vaccine development: which antibodies to induce? Science 345:167–168
A journal article with 2 authors
Micchelli CA, Perrimon N (2006) Evidence that stem cells reside in the adult Drosophila midgut epithelium. Nature 439:475–479
A journal article with 3 authors
Gitlin AD, Shulman Z, Nussenzweig MC (2014) Clonal selection in the germinal centre by regulated proliferation and hypermutation. Nature 509:637–640
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Metodiev MV, Matheos D, Rose MD, Stone DE (2002) Regulation of MAPK function by direct interaction with the mating-specific Galpha in yeast. Science 296:1483–1486

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Harris M (2015) Inside the Crystal Ball. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Bleris L, Măndoiu I, Schwartz R, Wang J (eds) (2012) Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 8th International Symposium, ISBRA 2012, Dallas, TX, USA, May 21-23, 2012. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Stanta G (2015) Tissue Heterogeneity as a Pre-analytical Source of Variability. In: Dietel M, Wittekind C, Bussolati G, Winterfeld M von (eds) Pre-Analytics of Pathological Specimens in Oncology. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 35–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Marine Geophysical Research.

Blog post
Fang J (2015) Malagasy Songbird Is Rare Instance Of Evolution Working “Backwards.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) High Speed Ground Transportation: Funds Need to Be Focused Under Proposed Legislation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez JA (2015) Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Chapman MM (2015) U.A.W. Leaders Approve Proposed G.M. Contract. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zolla-Pazner 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Micchelli and Perrimon 2006; Zolla-Pazner 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Micchelli and Perrimon 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Metodiev et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleMarine Geophysical Research
AbbreviationMar. Geophys. Res.
ISSN (print)0025-3235
ISSN (online)1573-0581
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology

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