How to format your references using the British Journal of Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Baker M. Genomics: The search for association. Nature. 2010 Oct 28; 467: 1135–1138.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Hidaka H, Yoneda S. Radioactive Cs capture in the early solar system. Sci Rep. 2013; 3: 1330.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Walker JJ, Spear JR, Pace NR. Geobiology of a microbial endolithic community in the Yellowstone geothermal environment. Nature. 2005 Apr 21; 434: 1011–1014.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1
Park J-O, Tsuru T, Kodaira S, Cummins PR, Kaneda Y. Splay fault branching along the Nankai subduction zone. Science. 2002 Aug 16; 297: 1157–1160.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Meinert CL. Clinical Trials Dictionary. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1
Knox C. Public Policy, Philanthropy and Peacebuilding in Northern Ireland. Quirk P, editor. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Rivlin RS. An Introduction to Non-Linear Continuum Mechanics. In: Rilvil RS, editor. Non-linear Continuum Theories in Mechanics and Physics and their Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011. p. 151–309.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Surgery.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Anxious Conservative Or Easygoing Rebel? Busting The Birth-Order Myths [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/anxious-conservative-or-easygoing-rebel-busting-birth-order-myths/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. NASA’s FIA Program: NASA’s Progress in Implementing Financial Integrity Act Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1985 Nov. Report No.: NSIAD-86-3.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
VanQuickenborne T. Exploring generative change [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Alcindor Y, Shear MD. Video Disproves Story Kelly Told About Lawmaker. New York Times. 2017 Oct 20; A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Surgery
AbbreviationBr. J. Surg.
ISSN (print)0007-1323
ScopeSurgery

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