How to format your references using the British Journal of Sports Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sports Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Kerr RA. GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA MEETING: Geologists Pursue Solar System’s Oldest Relics. Science 2000;290:2239–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Kirzhner T, Koren G. Pairing and the phase diagram of the normal coherence length ξN(T, x) above Tc of La(2-x)Sr(x)CuO4 thin films probed by the Josephson effect. Sci Rep 2014;4:6244.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Desai BS, Chadha A, Cook B. The stum gene is essential for mechanical sensing in proprioceptive neurons. Science 2014;343:1256–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Kapoor TM, Lampson MA, Hergert P, et al. Chromosomes can congress to the metaphase plate before biorientation. Science 2006;311:388–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Gee S. Fraud and Fraud Detection. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2014.
An edited book
1
Borrione D, editor. Advances in Design Methods from Modeling Languages for Embedded Systems and SoC’s: Selected Contributions on Specification, Design, and Verification from FDL 2009. Dordrecht: : Springer Netherlands 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Pollack G. Cells, Gels and the Engines of Life: A Fresh Physically Based Paradigm for Cell Function. In: Magjarevic R, Nagel JH, eds. World Congress on Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering 2006: August 27 – September 1, 2006 COEX Seoul, Korea “Imaging the Future Medicine”. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2007. 4–4.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Blog post
1
Hale T. 61-Year-Old Former Boxer Has A Run In With A Black Bear. IFLScience. 2016.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/61yearold-former-boxer-has-a-run-in-with-a-black-bear/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Broadcast and Cable Television: Requirements for Identifying Sponsored Programming Should Be Clarified. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Jurica ML. Napping in the workplace as an invisible stigma: The moderating roles of raters’ nap habit, work ethic, and organizational policy. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Hardy M. Texas Naturalists Also See A Border Wall as a Threat. New York Times. 2017;:A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
AbbreviationBr. J. Sports Med.
ISSN (print)0306-3674
ISSN (online)1473-0480
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles