How to format your references using the British Journal of Sports Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sports Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Burkov A. PHYSICS. Chiral anomaly without relativity. Science 2015;350:378–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Lattimer JM, Prakash M. The physics of neutron stars. Science 2004;304:536–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Franke KJ, Schulze G, Pascual JI. Competition of superconducting phenomena and Kondo screening at the nanoscale. Science 2011;332:940–4.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Holgate S, Jevrejeva S, Woodworth P, et al. Comment on ‘A semi-empirical approach to projecting future sea-level rise’. Science 2007;317:1866; author reply 1866.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Krysinski T, Malburet F. Mechanical Instability. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Bjorner A, Cohen F, Concini CD, et al., editors. Configuration Spaces: Geometry, Combinatorics and Topology. Pisa: : Scuola Normale Superiore 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Alves-Prado HF, Bocchini DA, Gomes E, et al. Optimization of Cyclodextrin Glucanotransferase Production From Bacillus clausii E16 in Submerged Fermentation Using Response Surface Methodology. In: Mielenz JR, Klasson KT, Adney WS, et al., eds. Applied Biochemistry and Biotecnology: The Twenty-Eighth Symposium Proceedings of the Twenty-Eight Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals Held April 30–May 3, 2006, in Nashville, Tennessee. Totowa, NJ: : Humana Press 2007. 27–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Massive Clouds Erupted 260km Into Martian Atmosphere – And No One Knows Why. IFLScience. 2015.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Energy Research: Opportunities Exist to Recover Federal Investment in Technology Development Projects. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Bavkar IN. In-Node Vehicle Classification and Identification. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Lee L. Eve Thompson and Richard Robinson. New York Times. 2008;:ST11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
AbbreviationBr. J. Sports Med.
ISSN (print)0306-3674
ISSN (online)1473-0480
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles