How to format your references using the British Journal of Sports Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Sports Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Eldakar OT. Journal club. An evolutionary biologist learns how to be remembered: cheat someone. Nature 2009;460:783.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Zhang Y, Kalderon D. Hedgehog acts as a somatic stem cell factor in the Drosophila ovary. Nature 2001;410:599–604.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Pfeiffer T, Schuster S, Bonhoeffer S. Cooperation and competition in the evolution of ATP-producing pathways. Science 2001;292:504–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Piffanelli P, Ramsay L, Waugh R, et al. A barley cultivation-associated polymorphism conveys resistance to powdery mildew. Nature 2004;430:887–91.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Noar J. Interceptive Orthodontics. Oxford, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2014.
An edited book
1
Sun L, Ma H, Hong F, editors. Advances in Wireless Sensor Networks: 7th China Conference, CWSN 2013, Qingdao, China, October 17-19, 2013. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Mark D, Topley K, Nutting J, et al. More User Interface Fun. In: Topley K, Nutting J, Olsson F, et al., eds. Beginning iPhone Development with Swift 2: Exploring the iOS SDK. Berkeley, CA: : Apress 2015. 91–140.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Blog post
1
Andrew D. Infecting Mosquitoes With Bacteria So They Can’t Infect Us With Viruses Like Zika And Dengue. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/infecting-mosquitoes-with-bacteria-so-they-cant-infect-us-with-viruses-like-zika-and-dengue/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Training and Education Programs for Civilian Employees in the Federal Government. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1973.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Evans KM. Evolution of Craniofacial Diversity in Neotropical Electric Fishes (Gymnotiformes: Teleostei). 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Walsh MW, Zezima K. Small City, Big Debt Problems. New York Times. 2011;:B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Sports Medicine
AbbreviationBr. J. Sports Med.
ISSN (print)0306-3674
ISSN (online)1473-0480
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles