How to format your references using the British Journal of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Political Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gershon D (2000) US Congress Encouraged to Lay out the Welcome Mat for Skilled Foreigners. Nature 405, 597–598.
A journal article with 2 authors
Richardson MI and Wilson RJ (2002) A Topographically Forced Asymmetry in the Martian Circulation and Climate. Nature 416, 298–301.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ishishita S, Matsuda Y and Kitada K (2014) Genetic Evidence Suggests That Spata22 Is Required for the Maintenance of Rad51 Foci in Mammalian Meiosis. Scientific reports 4, 6148.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang K et al. (2014) Retinal Structure and Function Preservation by Polysaccharides of Wolfberry in a Mouse Model of Retinal Degeneration. Scientific reports 4, 7601.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cox DA (2004) Galois Theory. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Dubbink W, Liedekerke L van and Luijk H van (eds) (2011) European Business Ethics Cases in Context: The Morality of Corporate Decision Making. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Huang R and Yang J (2016) Digital Learners and Digital Teachers: Challenges, Changes, and Competencies. In Spector JM et al. (eds), Competencies in Teaching, Learning and Educational Leadership in the Digital Age: Papers from CELDA 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 47–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Political Science.

Blog post
Hale T (2017) Deer Photographed Gnawing On Human Remains For The First Time. IFLScience. Available from (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) ADP Systems: HCFA’s Failure to Follow Guidelines Makes Systems Effectiveness Uncertain. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Glasgow HL (2015) ‘Design and Selection of Probes for In Vivo Molecular Targeting and Imaging’. Doctoral dissertation, La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski S (2015) So Much Student Debt, So Little Information. New York Times, March 20, BU5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gershon 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Gershon 2000; Richardson and Wilson 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Richardson and Wilson 2002)
  • Three authors: (Ishishita, Matsuda, and Kitada 2014)
  • 4 or more authors: (Wang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Political Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Polit. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-1234
ISSN (online)1469-2112
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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