How to format your references using the British Journal of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Political Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kun H (2015) Evaluation: Moving Away from Metrics. Nature 520, S18-20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ferguson-Smith AC and Surani MA (2001) Imprinting and the Epigenetic Asymmetry between Parental Genomes. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 1086–1089.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim S, Wong P and Coulombe PA (2006) A Keratin Cytoskeletal Protein Regulates Protein Synthesis and Epithelial Cell Growth. Nature 441, 362–365.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hwang D et al. (2014) Hierarchically Structured Zn2SnO4 Nanobeads for High-Efficiency Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Scientific reports 4, 7353.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tyson H (2010) Microsoft® Word 2010 Bible. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Czichos H, Saito T and Smith L (eds) (2011) Springer Handbook of Metrology and Testing. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Maybodi M, Hertle RW and Bachynski BN (2006) Ocular Motility Disorders. In Wright KW, Spiegel PH and Thompson LS (eds), Handbook of Pediatric Neuro-Ophthalmology. New York, NY: Springer, pp. 107–203.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Political Science.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) US States Ignore White House And Form A ‘Climate Alliance’ To Continue Decarbonization. IFLScience. Available from (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Federal Coordination Efforts Could Be Further Strengthened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thompson MC (2008) ‘Autonomy in Occupational Health Nursing: An Application of Abbott’s Theory of Professions’. Doctoral dissertation, New York, NY: Columbia University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2016) A Lesson on Slavery With Bite and No Mercy. New York Times, September 27, C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kun 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Ferguson-Smith and Surani 2001; Kun 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ferguson-Smith and Surani 2001)
  • Three authors: (Kim, Wong, and Coulombe 2006)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hwang et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Political Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Polit. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-1234
ISSN (online)1469-2112
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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