How to format your references using the British Journal of Political Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Political Science (BJPS). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow N (2008) Stem Cells: In Search of Common Ground. Nature 451, 855–858.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cohen JE and Gürtler RE (2001) Modeling Household Transmission of American Trypanosomiasis. Science (New York, N.Y.) 293, 694–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Malakoff D, Yeston J and Smith J (2010) Getting Better to Get Bigger. Science (New York, N.Y.) 329, 779.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hof B et al. (2006) Finite Lifetime of Turbulence in Shear Flows. Nature 443, 59–62.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Oden JT (2011) An Introduction to Mathematical Modeling. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Reible DD (ed.) (2014) Processes, Assessment and Remediation of Contaminated Sediments. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cao X-A (2012) Green Nitride LEDs. In Pearton S (ed.), GaN and ZnO-Based Materials and Devices. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 121–152.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Political Science.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2015) Mercury Is Being Bombarded With Meteors. IFLScience. Available from (accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1999) Customs Service Modernization: Ineffective Software Development Processes Increase Customs System Development Risks. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Detweiler KR (2012) ‘Exploring Discursive Interaction, Habitus, and Dynamic Co-Emergence Among an Agency Leader and Congressional Oversight Committee: A Case Study of Languaging in Practice’. Doctoral dissertation, Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Mueller B and Baker AL (2017) Steep Drop in Gang Violence Pushed City Shootings Below 1,000 in 2016. New York Times, January 4, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Blow 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Blow 2008; Cohen and Gürtler 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cohen and Gürtler 2001)
  • Three authors: (Malakoff, Yeston, and Smith 2010)
  • 4 or more authors: (Hof et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Political Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Polit. Sci.
ISSN (print)0007-1234
ISSN (online)1469-2112
ScopeSociology and Political Science

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