How to format your references using the Infectious Agents and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infectious Agents and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Arnqvist G. Comment on “Bateman in nature: predation on offspring reduces the potential for sexual selection.” Science. 2013;340:549.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Horne-Badovinac S, Munro E. Developmental biology. Tubular transformations. Science. 2011;333:294–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Yuasa S, Nagahama T, Suzuki Y. Spin-polarized resonant tunneling in magnetic tunnel junctions. Science. 2002;297:234–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Jaeger J-J, Beard KC, Chaimanee Y, Salem M, Benammi M, Hlal O, et al. Late middle Eocene epoch of Libya yields earliest known radiation of African anthropoids. Nature. 2010;467:1095–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Paret D, Riesco R. RFID and Contactless Smart Card Applications. Chichester, West Sussex, England: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
1. Werf J van der, Graser H-U, Frankham R, Gondro C, editors. Adaptation and Fitness in Animal Populations: Evolutionary and Breeding Perspectives on Genetic Resource Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Platen E, Bruti-Liberati N. Stochastic Expansions. In: Bruti-Liberati N, editor. Numerical Solution of Stochastic Differential Equations with Jumps in Finance. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 187–231.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infectious Agents and Cancer.

Blog post
1. Evans K. African Forest Elephants Could Take 100 Years To Recover From Poaching [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/african-forest-elephants-could-take-100-years-to-recover-from-poaching/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loan Programs: Opportunities Exist to Improve Audit Requirements and Oversight Procedures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Jul. Report No.: GAO-10-668.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Flynn MJ. Lifeguard employability skills [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Healy J, Kovaleski SF. One Mother, 7 Dead Newborns and a Stunned Community in Utah. New York Times. 2014 Apr 27;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfectious Agents and Cancer
AbbreviationInfect. Agent. Cancer
ISSN (online)1750-9378
ScopeCancer Research
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Oncology

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