How to format your references using the Infectious Agents and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infectious Agents and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Sukhdev P. Sustainability: The corporate climate overhaul. Nature. 2012;486:27–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Krueger AB, Stone AA. Psychology and economics. Progress in measuring subjective well-being. Science. 2014;346:42–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Nudleman E, Wall D, Kaiser D. Cell-to-cell transfer of bacterial outer membrane lipoproteins. Science. 2005;309:125–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Scott C, Lyons TW, Bekker A, Shen Y, Poulton SW, Chu X, et al. Tracing the stepwise oxygenation of the Proterozoic ocean. Nature. 2008;452:456–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Ko CJ, Barr RJ. Dermatopathology. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
1. Langdon P, Clarkson J, Robinson P, editors. Designing Inclusive Futures. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Benton PA. A Developable Surface of Uniformly Negative Internal Angle Deficit. In: Martin R, Sabin M, Winkler J, editors. Mathematics of Surfaces XII: 12th IMA International Conference, Sheffield, UK, September 4-6, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 64–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infectious Agents and Cancer.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Is This Italian Volcano About To Explode Into Life And Bury Rome? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/italian-volcano-explode-life-bury-rome/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1990 Apr. Report No.: IMTEC-90-39FS.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Kramer-Duffield J. Beliefs and uses of tagging among undergraduates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. Days of a Dynasty Are Only a Memory For a Distinct Race. New York Times. 2011 Jun 12;SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfectious Agents and Cancer
AbbreviationInfect. Agent. Cancer
ISSN (online)1750-9378
ScopeCancer Research
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Oncology

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