How to format your references using the Infectious Agents and Cancer citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Infectious Agents and Cancer. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Barrow JD. Einstein as icon. Nature. 2005;433:218–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hsieh J, Schneider JW. Neuroscience. Neural stem cells, excited. Science. 2013;339:1534–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Rideout WM 3rd, Eggan K, Jaenisch R. Nuclear cloning and epigenetic reprogramming of the genome. Science. 2001;293:1093–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Freire-de-Lima CG, Nascimento DO, Soares MB, Bozza PT, Castro-Faria-Neto HC, de Mello FG, et al. Uptake of apoptotic cells drives the growth of a pathogenic trypanosome in macrophages. Nature. 2000;403:199–203.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Böhm M. Symmetrien in Festkörpern. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2005.
An edited book
1. Maslen EH, Schweitzer G, editors. Magnetic Bearings: Theory, Design, and Application to Rotating Machinery. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cohen JA, Rae-Grant A. Treatment of acute relapses of multiple sclerosis. In: Rae-Grant A, editor. Handbook of Multiple Sclerosis. Tarporley: Springer Healthcare Ltd.; 2010. p. 25–8.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Infectious Agents and Cancer.

Blog post
1. Hamilton K. 15 Common Inaccuracies Found In Science Illustrations [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/watch-video-about-15-inaccuracies-found-common-science-illustrations/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Opinion on the Legality of the Scheduled Transfer of Administrative Responsibility for Certain Law Enforcement Education Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980 May. Report No.: B-198096.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Eng R. Exploring Investors’ Decision Making Processes During the 2008 Financial Crisis Using Epstein’s Cognitive Experiential Self-Theory: A Multiple-case Study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Scottsdale, AZ]: Northcentral University; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Gordon MR. U.S. Fighter Downs Drone Over Syria. New York Times. 2017 Jun 20;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleInfectious Agents and Cancer
AbbreviationInfect. Agent. Cancer
ISSN (online)1750-9378
ScopeCancer Research
Epidemiology
Infectious Diseases
Oncology

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