How to format your references using the British Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Sage L. Scope for improvement. Nature 2001;414:4–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Yun MH, Hiom K. CtIP-BRCA1 modulates the choice of DNA double-strand-break repair pathway throughout the cell cycle. Nature 2009;459:460–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Thomas AM, Nadeau RM, Bürgmann R. Tremor-tide correlations and near-lithostatic pore pressure on the deep San Andreas fault. Nature 2009;462:1048–51.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Bunce M, Worthy TH, Ford T, et al. Extreme reversed sexual size dimorphism in the extinct New Zealand moa Dinornis. Nature 2003;425:172–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Hannam J. What Everyone Needs to Know about Tax. Chichester, UK: : John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2017.
An edited book
1
Gregory MA. Security and the Networked Society. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Baldoni R, Guerraoui R, Levy RR, et al. Unconscious Eventual Consistency with Gossips. In: Datta AK, Gradinariu M, eds. Stabilization, Safety, and Security of Distributed Systems: 8th International Symposium, SSS 2006, Dallas, TX, USA, November 17-19, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006. 65–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. Ancient Nova Is Now Thought To Be A Stellar Collision. IFLScience. 2015.https://www.iflscience.com/space/ancient-nova-now-thought-be-stellar-collision/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: FAA’s Safety Oversight System Is Effective but Could Benefit from Better Evaluation of Its Programs’ Performance. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Breska J. Mentoring for juvenile gang members and at-risk youth: A grant proposal project. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Shear MD, Haberman M. Friend Suggests Trump May Fire Special Counsel. New York Times. 2017;:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationBr. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0007-1161
ISSN (online)1468-2079
ScopeOphthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles