How to format your references using the British Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Tate CG. Biochemistry. Membrane protein gymnastics. Science 2010;328:1644–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Longhi S, Della Valle G. Floquet bound states in the continuum. Sci Rep 2013;3:2219.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Provenzano V, Shapiro AJ, Shull RD. Reduction of hysteresis losses in the magnetic refrigerant Gd5Ge2Si2 by the addition of iron. Nature 2004;429:853–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Carroll KS, Hanna J, Simon I, et al. Role of Rab9 GTPase in facilitating receptor recruitment by TIP47. Science 2001;292:1373–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Sandou G. Metaheuristic Optimization for the Design of Automatic Control Laws. Hoboken, NJ USA: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2013.
An edited book
1
Cooper WW. Data Envelopment Analysis: A Comprehensive Text with Models, Applications, References and DEA-Solver Software. Second Edition. Boston, MA: : Springer US 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Toussaint B-M, Luengo V. Mining Surgery Phase-Related Sequential Rules from Vertebroplasty Simulations Traces. In: Holmes JH, Bellazzi R, Sacchi L, et al., eds. Artificial Intelligence in Medicine: 15th Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, AIME 2015, Pavia, Italy, June 17-20, 2015. Proceedings. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2015. 35–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1
Taub B. These Super Slow-Mo Videos Show A Viper Strike In All Its Glory. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/these-super-slow-mo-videos-show-viper-strike-all-its-glory/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Challenges of Protecting Personal Information in an Expanding Federal Computer Network Environment. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1978.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Knehans A. As you like it: The road to design. 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Williams ME. A Second Embrace, With Hearts and Eyes Open. New York Times. 2014;:ST6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationBr. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0007-1161
ISSN (online)1468-2079
ScopeOphthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles