How to format your references using the British Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Xu X. Surface recombination and charged exciton in nanocrystal quantum dots on photonic crystals under two-photon excitation. Sci Rep 2014;4:5039.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Verchère A, Menon AK. Structural biology: Lipid gymnastics. Nature 2015;524:420–2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Mei L, Chen Y, Ma J. Gas sensing of SnO2 nanocrystals revisited: developing ultra-sensitive sensors for detecting the H2S leakage of biogas. Sci Rep 2014;4:6028.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Dejea CM, Fathi P, Craig JM, et al. Patients with familial adenomatous polyposis harbor colonic biofilms containing tumorigenic bacteria. Science 2018;359:592–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Paschedag AR. CFD in der Verfahrenstechnik. Weinheim, FRG: : Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA 2004.
An edited book
1
Raddawi R, editor. Intercultural Communication with Arabs: Studies in Educational, Professional and Societal Contexts. Singapore: : Springer 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Borchers H-J, Sen RN. Local Structure and Topology. In: Sen RN, ed. Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2006. 31–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1
Andrew E. No, Johns Hopkins Did Not Release An ‘Update’ Revealing The ‘Truth’ About Cancer. IFLScience. 2014.https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/no-johns-hopkins-did-not-release-update-revealing-truth-about-cancer/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Statutory Copyright Licenses: Stakeholders’ Views on a Phaseout of Licenses for Broadcast Programming. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Vento KA. The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Subjective Well-Being of Collegiate Athletes. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Greenhouse L. Justice Unbound. New York Times. 2009;:WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationBr. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0007-1161
ISSN (online)1468-2079
ScopeOphthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles