How to format your references using the British Journal of Ophthalmology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Ophthalmology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1
Stokstad E. SEDIMENTARY GEOLOGY: Homegrown Quartz Muddies the Water. Science 2000;289:1449–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
1
Lilley BN, Ploegh HL. A membrane protein required for dislocation of misfolded proteins from the ER. Nature 2004;429:834–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
1
Alexander JM, Diez JM, Levine JM. Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change. Nature 2015;525:515–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1
Ansel KM, Ngo VN, Hyman PL, et al. A chemokine-driven positive feedback loop organizes lymphoid follicles. Nature 2000;406:309–14.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1
Mynbaev KT. Short-Memory Linear Processes and Econometric Applications. Hoboken, NJ: : John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2011.
An edited book
1
Taylor DA, Sherry SP, Sing RF, editors. Interventional Critical Care: A Manual for Advanced Care Practitioners. Cham: : Springer International Publishing 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1
Grancharova A, Johansen TA. Explicit MPC of Constrained Nonlinear Systems with Quantized Inputs. In: Johansen TA, ed. Explicit Nonlinear Model Predictive Control: Theory and Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: : Springer 2012. 111–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Ophthalmology.

Blog post
1
O`Callaghan J. This May Be The First Failed Supernova We’ve Ever Found. IFLScience. 2017.https://www.iflscience.com/space/this-may-be-the-first-failed-supernova-weve-ever-found/ (accessed 30 Oct 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1
Government Accountability Office. Space Projects: Astrophysics Facility Program Contains Cost and Technical Risks. Washington, DC: : U.S. Government Printing Office 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1
Thiagarajan TT. A Simple and Effective Peak-To-Average Power Ratio Reduction Approach Based on Iterative Companding Transform and Filtering Framework of Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Signal. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1
Pilon M. U.S.T.A. Faces Suit Over Sabbath Schedule. New York Times. 2014;:D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
AbbreviationBr. J. Ophthalmol.
ISSN (print)0007-1161
ISSN (online)1468-2079
ScopeOphthalmology
Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
Sensory Systems

Other styles