How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Psaltis, D., 2002: Coherent optical information systems. Science, 298, 1359–1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mahowald, M. W., and C. H. Schenck, 2005: Insights from studying human sleep disorders. Nature, 437, 1279–1285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fiser, J., C. Chiu, and M. Weliky, 2004: Small modulation of ongoing cortical dynamics by sensory input during natural vision. Nature, 431, 573–578.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Sanai, N., M. S. Berger, J. M. Garcia-Verdugo, and A. Alvarez-Buylla, 2007: Comment on “Human neuroblasts migrate to the olfactory bulb via a lateral ventricular extension.” Science, 318, 393; author reply 393.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mackenzie, A. F. D., 2013: Places of Possibility. Blackwell Publishing Ltd,.
An edited book
Dichev, C., and G. Agre, eds., 2016: Artificial Intelligence: Methodology, Systems, and Applications: 17th International Conference, AIMSA 2016, Varna, Bulgaria, September 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, XII, 370 p. 84 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Shishkin, A., P. Schützner, C. Wagner, and F.-O. Lehmann, 2012: Experimental Quantification and Numerical Simulation of Unsteady Flow Conditions during Free Flight Maneuvers of Insects. Nature-Inspired Fluid Mechanics: Results of the DFG Priority Programme 1207 ”Nature-inspired Fluid Mechanics” 2006-2012, C. Tropea and H. Bleckmann, Eds., Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design, Springer, 81–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015: NASA Think They Found Enormous Volcanoes On Pluto’s Surface That Spew ICE Instead Of Lava And Ash. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982: Information on State Versus Local Administration of CETA Prime Sponsors in Michigan. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richey, B., 2014: Exploration of a Tandem Diels-Alder Ugi-Smiles Reaction. Southern Illinois University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Clarke, J., 2016: What’s the Circuit’s Most Fearsome Bull Afraid Of? You Name It. New York Times, November 5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Psaltis 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Psaltis 2002; Mahowald and Schenck 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mahowald and Schenck 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Sanai et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

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