How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, A., 2012: Archaeology: A clash of symbols. Nature, 483, 27–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liebman, S. W., and J. E. Haber, 2013: Retrospective. Fred Sherman (1932-2013). Science, 342, 1059.
A journal article with 3 authors
Murthy, V. R., W. van Westrenen, and Y. Fei, 2003: Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores. Nature, 423, 163–165.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Larsson, J., and Coauthors, 2011: X-ray illumination of the ejecta of supernova 1987A. Nature, 474, 484–486.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Horváth, T., 2006: Understanding Lightning and Lightning Protection. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Zeng, D., ed., 2011: Applied Informatics and Communication: International Conference, ICAIC 2011,Xi’an, China, August 20-21, 2011, Proceedings, Part I. Springer, XIII, 753 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Cocks, M., 2010: What is Biocultural Diversity? A Theoretical Review. Human Ecology: Contemporary Research and Practice, D.G. Bates and J. Tucker, Eds., Springer US, 67–77.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2016: Divers Explore The World’s Deepest Underwater Cave. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009: Telecommunications: Long-Term Strategic Vision Would Help Ensure Targeting of E-rate Funds to Highest-Priority Uses. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson, B. R., 2009: A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. Lindenwood University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kepner, T., 2017: Cubs Seize Control as Bloop Cancels Out Blunder. New York Times, October 10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson 2012; Liebman and Haber 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liebman and Haber 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Larsson et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

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