How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borniger, J. C., 2015: Leaping into the unknown. Science, 350, 882.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, A., and A. N. Koehler, 2015: Drug discovery. Tying up a transcription factor. Science, 347, 713–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amodeo, G. A., M. J. Rudolph, and L. Tong, 2007: Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. Nature, 449, 492–495.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Jimenez-Useche, I., J. Ke, Y. Tian, D. Shim, S. C. Howell, X. Qiu, and C. Yuan, 2013: DNA methylation regulated nucleosome dynamics. Sci. Rep., 3, 2121.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arthur D. Little, Inc., 2010: Making EHS an Integral Part of Process Design. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,.
An edited book
Eppstein, D., and E. R. Gansner, eds., 2010: Graph Drawing: 17th International Symposium, GD 2009, Chicago, IL, USA, September 22-25, 2009. Revised Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 426 p. 199 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Yen, J.-Y., and M. Yor, 2013: Paul Lévy’s Arcsine Laws. Local Times and Excursion Theory for Brownian Motion: A Tale of Wiener and Itô Measures, M. Yor, Ed., Lecture Notes in Mathematics, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti, A., 2016: There Might Be A Huge Salty Ocean Beneath Pluto’s Heart. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003: Transportation Security Research: Coordination Needed in Selecting and Implementing Infrastructure Vulnerability Assessments. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Sherwin, P. R., 2012: The disconnection between high school and college: A study of retention of students who are at risk of leaving college before completing a degree. Lindenwood University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yaccino, S., and M. Cooper, 2013: Cries of Betrayal As Detroit Plans To Cut Pensions. New York Times, July 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borniger 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Borniger 2015, [CSL STYLE ERROR: reference with no printed form.]).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Koehler 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Jimenez-Useche et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

Other styles