How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lunshof, J., 2015: Regulate gene editing in wild animals. Nature, 521, 127.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zindl, C. L., and D. D. Chaplin, 2010: Immunology. Tumor immune evasion. Science, 328, 697–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nava, E., T. Steiger, and B. Röder, 2014: Both developmental and adult vision shape body representations. Sci. Rep., 4, 6622.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Stone, M. B., D. P. Bernstein, R. Barry, M. D. Pelc, Y.-K. Tsui, and P. Schiffer, 2004: Stress propagation: getting to the bottom of a granular medium. Nature, 427, 503–504.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Yaacoub, E. E., and Z. Dawy, 2012: Resource Allocation in Uplink OFDMA Wireless Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ,.
An edited book
Hippe, Z. S., J. L. Kulikowski, and T. Mroczek, eds., 2012: Human – Computer Systems Interaction: Backgrounds and Applications 2: Part 2. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XII, 504 p. 265 illus., 114 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Friederich, B., A. Laachachi, M. Ferriol, D. Ruch, M. Cochez, and V. Toniazzo, 2011: Improvement of Thermal Stability and Fire Behaviour of pmma by a (Metal Oxide Nanoparticles/Ammonium Polyphosphate/ Melamine Polyphosphate) Ternary System. Integrated Systems, Design and Technology 2010: Knowledge Transfer in New Technologies, M. Fathi, A. Holland, F. Ansari, and C. Weber, Eds., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 47–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015: Four-Legged Snake Burrowed Around in Cretaceous Brazil. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1986: NASA’s Shuttle Booster Rocket Motor Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turpin-Padberg, S., 2017: Effects of Elementary Teacher Preparation and Support on Retention. Lindenwood University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M. K., 2017: The Accidental Tourist. New York Times, May 9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lunshof 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Lunshof 2015; Zindl and Chaplin 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zindl and Chaplin 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Stone et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

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