How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goldston, D., 2009: Don’t cry politicization. Nature, 460, 24.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J. R., and R. Stocker, 2012: Trade-offs of chemotactic foraging in turbulent water. Science, 338, 675–679.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yi, M., N. Hong, and Y. Hong, 2009: Generation of medaka fish haploid embryonic stem cells. Science, 326, 430–433.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Hall, C., P. Tharakan, J. Hallock, C. Cleveland, and M. Jefferson, 2003: Hydrocarbons and the evolution of human culture. Nature, 426, 318–322.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Palmquist, S. R., 2015: Comprehensive Commentary on Kant’s Religion within the Bounds of Bare Reason. John Wiley & Sons, Inc,.
An edited book
Sassa, K., H. Fukuoka, F. Wang, and G. Wang, eds., 2007: Progress in Landslide Science. Springer, XXVII, 379 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Posłajko, K., 2015: Knowing Way Too Much: A Case Against Semantic Phenomenology. Problems of Normativity, Rules and Rule-Following, M. Araszkiewicz, P. Banaś, T. Gizbert-Studnicki, and K. Płeszka, Eds., Law and Philosophy Library, Springer International Publishing, 47–55.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017: Deer Photographed Gnawing On Human Remains For The First Time. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010: Telecommunications: Improved Management Can Enhance FCC Decision Making for the Universal Service Fund Low-Income Program. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vincent, P. S., 2012: The State of Chaos. Ohio State University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K., 2006: Pirogi, Too Fresh to Be Missed. New York Times, December 24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goldston 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Goldston 2009; Taylor and Stocker 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Stocker 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Hall et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

Other styles