How to format your references using the Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Weijer, C. J., 2003: Visualizing signals moving in cells. Science, 300, 96–100.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulet, J. F. A., and B. Hedwig, 2006: The cellular basis of a corollary discharge. Science, 311, 518–522.
A journal article with 3 authors
Velicer, G. J., L. Kroos, and R. E. Lenski, 2000: Developmental cheating in the social bacterium Myxococcus xanthus. Nature, 404, 598–601.
A journal article with 9 or more authors
Weber, C. P., N. Gedik, J. E. Moore, J. Orenstein, J. Stephens, and D. D. Awschalom, 2005: Observation of spin Coulomb drag in a two-dimensional electron gas. Nature, 437, 1330–1333.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Deutsch, R., 2017: Convergence. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.
An edited book
Goh, C.-K., Y.-S. Ong, and K. C. Tan, eds., 2009: Multi-Objective Memetic Algorithms. Springer, XII, 404 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Yu, Y., R. Zimmermann, and S. Tang, 2015: Social Interactions over Location-Aware Multimedia Systems. Multimedia Data Mining and Analytics: Disruptive Innovation, A.K. Baughman, J. Gao, J.-Y. Pan, and V.A. Petrushin, Eds., Springer International Publishing, 117–146.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J., 2015: The Placebo Effect Works Even When You Know You Are Taking A Placebo. IFLScience,. (Accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015: Internet Protocol Transition: FCC Should Strengthen Its Data Collection Efforts to Assess the Transition’s Effects. U.S. Government Printing Office,.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ponder, S., 2010: Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment. Lindenwood University, .

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2006: In Moscow, A Museum Shows Off Its Stars. New York Times, August 22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Weijer 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Weijer 2003; Poulet and Hedwig 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulet and Hedwig 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Weber et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
AbbreviationJ. Atmos. Ocean. Technol.
ISSN (print)0739-0572
ISSN (online)1520-0426
ScopeAtmospheric Science
Ocean Engineering

Other styles