How to format your references using the British Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pierrehumbert RT. The hydrologic cycle in deep-time climate problems. Nature 2002; 419:191–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
Law KS, Stohl A. Arctic air pollution: origins and impacts. Science 2007; 315:1537–40.
A journal article with 3 authors
Froemke RC, Poo M-M, Dan Y. Spike-timing-dependent synaptic plasticity depends on dendritic location. Nature 2005; 434:221–5.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Caro G, Bourdon B, Wood BJ, Corgne A. Trace-element fractionation in Hadean mantle generated by melt segregation from a magma ocean. Nature 2005; 436:246–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wuestenberg K. Clinical Small Animal Care. Ames, Iowa, USA, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Kryszkiewicz M, Bandyopadhyay S, Rybinski H, Pal SK, eds. Pattern Recognition and Machine Intelligence: 6th International Conference, PReMI 2015, Warsaw, Poland, June 30 - July 3, 2015, Proceedings. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Cleophas TJ, Zwinderman AH. Ordinal Scaling for Clinical Scores with Inconsistent Intervals (900 Patients with Different Levels of Health). In: Machine Learning in Medicine - Cookbook Three (Zwinderman AH, ed). Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2014; 29–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Three Men Receive Bionic Hands Controlled With Their Minds [WWW Document]. IFLScience. 2015.URL [accessed on 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Earth Observing System: Broader Involvement of the EOSDIS User Community Is Needed. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Selph CS. Origins of Music Programs in Liberal Arts Institutions: The Story of Three Florida Catholic Universities. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Justices Won’t Hear Appeal On Drugs for Terminally Ill. New York Times. 2008; :A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationBr. J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0007-0963
ISSN (online)1365-2133

Other styles