How to format your references using the British Journal of Dermatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Dermatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Narbonne GM. Modular construction of early Ediacaran complex life forms. Science 2004; 305:1141–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sherratt TN, Roberts G. Ecology. When paths to cooperation converge. Science 2012; 337:1304–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Karunadasa HI, Chang CJ, Long JR. A molecular molybdenum-oxo catalyst for generating hydrogen from water. Nature 2010; 464:1329–33.
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xiong ZH, Wu D, Vardeny ZV, Shi J. Giant magnetoresistance in organic spin-valves. Nature 2004; 427:821–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang Y, Wen F, Xiao M. Quantum Control of Multi-Wave Mixing. Weinheim, Germany, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2013.
An edited book
Schattman GL, Esteves SC, Agarwal A, eds. Unexplained Infertility: Pathophysiology, Evaluation and Treatment. New York, NY, Springer, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortega YR. Toxoplasmosis. In: Foodborne Parasites (Ortega YR, ed). Boston, MA, Springer US, 2006; 109–33.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Dermatology.

Blog post
Fang J. Humpback Whales No Longer Threatened? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. 2014.URL [accessed on 30 October 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Small Business Administration: Better Planning and Controls Needed for Information Systems. Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Breckheimer I. Mapping habitat quality in conservation’s neglected geography. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Daoud K. The French Disconnection. New York Times. 2017; :A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Dermatology
AbbreviationBr. J. Dermatol.
ISSN (print)0007-0963
ISSN (online)1365-2133

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