How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dance, A., 2015. Neuroscience: Connectomes make the map. Nature 526, 147–149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matsumoto, K., Tanaka, K., 2004. Neuroscience. Conflict and cognitive control. Science 303, 969–970.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cacchione, D.A., Pratson, L.F., Ogston, A.S., 2002. The shaping of continental slopes by internal tides. Science 296, 724–727.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Deguchi, S., Mukai, S.-A., Sakaguchi, H., Nonomura, Y., 2013. Non-engineered nanoparticles of C₆₀. Sci. Rep. 3, 2094.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aldridge, P., O’Dwyer, L., 2013. Practical Emergency and Critical Care Veterinary Nursing. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., West Sussex, UK.
An edited book
Vazquez Alvarez, A.J., 2015. An Introduction to Optimal Satellite Range Scheduling, Springer Optimization and Its Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Kuwert, T., 2011. Bone Imaging with SPECT-CT, in: Farsad, M., Mansi, L. (Eds.), Atlas of SPECT-CT. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 105–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2016. Rapid Evolution Lets Tasmanian Devils Fight Back Against Fatal Cancer [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2010. K-12 Education: Many Challenges Arise in Educating Students Who Change Schools Frequently (No. GAO-11-40). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Duffy, B., 2012. Analytical Methods and Perturbation Theory for the Elliptic Restricted Three-Body Problem of Astrodynamics (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., Cooper, M., 2011. Faltering City Testing Its Vow To Pensioners. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dance, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Dance, 2015; Matsumoto and Tanaka, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Matsumoto and Tanaka, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Deguchi et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Phys. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-5096
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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