How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Amigo, I., 2015. Science made me a better parent. Science 350, 1286.
A journal article with 2 authors
Guillot, C., Lecuit, T., 2013. Mechanics of epithelial tissue homeostasis and morphogenesis. Science 340, 1185–1189.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zeng, C., Liu, X., Wang, G., 2014. Electrically tunable graphene plasmonic quasicrystal metasurfaces for transformation optics. Sci. Rep. 4, 5763.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, K.S.Y., Siebert, M., Mertel, S., Knoche, E., Wegener, S., Wichmann, C., Matkovic, T., Muhammad, K., Depner, H., Mettke, C., Bückers, J., Hell, S.W., Müller, M., Davis, G.W., Schmitz, D., Sigrist, S.J., 2011. RIM-binding protein, a central part of the active zone, is essential for neurotransmitter release. Science 334, 1565–1569.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gwynne, A., 2013. Guide to Building Control. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
León, B., 2014. From Robot to Human Grasping Simulation, Cognitive Systems Monographs. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Fermon, C., Ott, F., Menelle, A., 2009. Neutron Reflectometry, in: Daillant, J., Gibaud, A. (Eds.), X-Ray and Neutron Reflectivity: Principles and Applications, Lecture Notes in Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 183–234.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Smartphone Microscope Diagnoses Parasitic Worm Infection [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. NASA: Earned Value Management Implementation across Major Spaceflight Projects Is Uneven (No. GAO-13-22). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jurka, J., 2010. The importance of being a complement: CED effects revisited (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burghardt, L.F., 2006. Mutiny in the Harbor: One Ship Too Many. New York Times LI7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Amigo, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Amigo, 2015; Guillot and Lecuit, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Guillot and Lecuit, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Phys. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-5096
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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