How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Tooze, S.A., 2001. Cell biology. GGAs tie up the loose ends. Science 292, 1663–1665.
A journal article with 2 authors
Turtle, E.P., Pierazzo, E., 2001. Thickness of a Europan ice shell from impact crater simulations. Science 294, 1326–1328.
A journal article with 3 authors
Clark, C.J., Elias, D.O., Prum, R.O., 2011. Aeroelastic flutter produces hummingbird feather songs. Science 333, 1430–1433.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogawa, H., Ishiguro, K.-I., Gaubatz, S., Livingston, D.M., Nakatani, Y., 2002. A complex with chromatin modifiers that occupies E2F- and Myc-responsive genes in G0 cells. Science 296, 1132–1136.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Haupt, R.L., 2015. Timed Arrays. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Khachidze, V., Wang, T., Siddiqui, S., Liu, V., Cappuccio, S., Lim, A. (Eds.), 2012. Contemporary Research on E-business Technology and Strategy: International Conference, iCETS 2012, Tianjin, China, August 29-31, 2012, Revised Selected Papers, Communications in Computer and Information Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Schmid, A., 2009. What Does Emergence in Computer Simulations? Simulation between Epistemological and Ontological Emergence, in: Squazzoni, F. (Ed.), Epistemological Aspects of Computer Simulation in the Social Sciences: Second International Workshop, EPOS 2006, Brescia, Italy, October 5-6, 2006, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 60–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. European Weather-Monitoring Satellite Takes Its First Image Of Earth [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Polar-Orbiting Operational Environmental Satellites: Restructuring Is Under Way, but Challenges and Risks Remain (No. GAO-07-910T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Copeland, A.D., 2013. A qualitative study of clinical oncology nurses’ perceptions of work-life balance (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Forman, J., Jr, 2016. ‘We Are Not Beasts.’ New York Times BR20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tooze, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Tooze, 2001; Turtle and Pierazzo, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Turtle and Pierazzo, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogawa et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Phys. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-5096
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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