How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gupta, S., 2015. Contingency management: Why it pays to quit. Nature 522, S57-9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Michalakis, Y., Roze, D., 2004. Evolution. Epistasis in RNA viruses. Science 306, 1492–1493.
A journal article with 3 authors
Young, W.R., Roberts, A.J., Stuhne, G., 2001. Reproductive pair correlations and the clustering of organisms. Nature 412, 328–331.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xia, G., Tan, Y., Li, D., Guo, Z., Liu, H., Liu, Z., Yu, X., 2014. Hierarchical porous Li₂Mg(NH)₂@C nanowires with long cycle life towards stable hydrogen storage. Sci. Rep. 4, 6599.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kim, Y.-H., 2010. Sound Propagation. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shultz, L., Viczko, M. (Eds.), 2016. Assembling and Governing the Higher Education Institution: Democracy, Social Justice and Leadership in Global Higher Education, Palgrave Studies in Global Citizenship Education and Democracy. Palgrave Macmillan UK, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Zeng, X., Chauhan, C., Hou, S.X., 2013. Stem Cells in the Drosophila Digestive System, in: Hime, G., Abud, H. (Eds.), Transcriptional and Translational Regulation of Stem Cells, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. Whose Job Is It To Protect The Arctic? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Governmentwide Initiatives: Critical Issues Facing the Next Federal Telecommunications System (No. T-AIMD-94-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Magner, T.J., 2014. Performance and leadership in multiplayer online gaming (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. Weekend Entertainments From the Archives of The New York Times. New York Times C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gupta, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Gupta, 2015; Michalakis and Roze, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Michalakis and Roze, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Xia et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Phys. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-5096
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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