How to format your references using the Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lastoskie, C., 2010. Chemistry. Caging carbon dioxide. Science 330, 595–596.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kingston, T., Rossiter, S.J., 2004. Harmonic-hopping in Wallacea’s bats. Nature 429, 654–657.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shembade, N., Ma, A., Harhaj, E.W., 2010. Inhibition of NF-kappaB signaling by A20 through disruption of ubiquitin enzyme complexes. Science 327, 1135–1139.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Keppler, H., Dubrovinsky, L.S., Narygina, O., Kantor, I., 2008. Optical absorption and radiative thermal conductivity of silicate perovskite to 125 gigapascals. Science 322, 1529–1532.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ginena, K., Hamid, A., 2015. Foundations of Sharī‘ah Governance of Islamic Banks. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Assi, A., 2016. Numerical Semigroups and Applications, RSME Springer Series. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Bloom, L.B., 2009. DNA Replication, Recombination, and Repair, in: Krawetz, S. (Ed.), Bioinformatics for Systems Biology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 67–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Squid and Humans Evolved the Same Eye [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Narcotic Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation Programs in New York City (No. B-166217). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhao, J., 2012. Contextual Differential Item Functioning: Examining the Validity of Teaching Self-Efficacy Instruments Using Hierarchical Generalized Linear Modeling (Doctoral dissertation). Ohio State University, Columbus, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2017. Müller Climbs the Rankings at an Age When Others Retire. New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lastoskie, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Kingston and Rossiter, 2004; Lastoskie, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kingston and Rossiter, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Keppler et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
AbbreviationJ. Mech. Phys. Solids
ISSN (print)0022-5096
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Condensed Matter Physics

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