How to format your references using the British Journal of Biomedical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Biomedical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Pain E. Science careers. Measuring the impact of invasive plants. Science. 2008 Jun 13;320(5882):1516.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoeller D, Dikic I. Targeting the ubiquitin system in cancer therapy. Nature. 2009 Mar 26;458(7237):438–44.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Salje J, Zuber B, Löwe J. Electron cryomicroscopy of E. coli reveals filament bundles involved in plasmid DNA segregation. Science. 2009 Jan 23;323(5913):509–12.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zuber J, Shi J, Wang E, Rappaport AR, Herrmann H, Sison EA, et al. RNAi screen identifies Brd4 as a therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukaemia. Nature. 2011 Aug 3;478(7370):524–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Duggan D. Enterprise Software Architecture and Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Niekerk AV, editor. Ethics in Agriculture — An African Perspective. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2005. VIII, 167 p.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vendrell O, Schröder M, Meyer H-D. Vibrational Spectroscopy and Molecular Dynamics. In: Gatti F, editor. Molecular Quantum Dynamics: From Theory to Applications. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 117–45. (Physical Chemistry in Action).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Biomedical Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Controversial Home DNA Test Launched In The UK Despite Concerns [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/controversial-home-dna-test-launched-uk-despite-concerns/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Tax Systems Modernization: IRS Award to MITRE Corporation Violated the Competition in Contracting Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992 Mar. Report No.: IMTEC-92-28.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bombard B. Literature circles book club for science and language arts [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Grynbaum MM. Assessing The Intent In a Critique Of the Media. New York Times. 2017 Oct 12;A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Biomedical Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (print)0967-4845
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Immunology
Microbiology
Biochemistry, medical
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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