How to format your references using the British Journal of Biomedical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Biomedical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Holman CM. Genetics. Trends in human gene patent litigation. Science. 2008 Oct 10;322(5899):198–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
List B, Yang JW. Chemistry. The organic approach to asymmetric catalysis. Science. 2006 Sep 15;313(5793):1584–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Surdutovich E, Yakubovich AV, Solov’yov AV. Biodamage via shock waves initiated by irradiation with ions. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1289.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Ghosh A, Praefcke GJK, Renault L, Wittinghofer A, Herrmann C. How guanylate-binding proteins achieve assembly-stimulated processive cleavage of GTP to GMP. Nature. 2006 Mar 2;440(7080):101–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cauvin C, Escobar F, Serradj A. Thematic Cartography and Transformations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Kryszkiewicz M, Cornelis C, Ciucci D, Medina-Moreno J, Motoda H, Raś ZW, editors. Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems Paradigms: Second International Conference, RSEISP 2014, Held as Part of JRS 2014, Granada and Madrid, Spain, July 9-13, 2014. Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. XIV, 394 p. 92 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 8537).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ghosh A, Corves B. Design of Micromechanisms. In: Corves B, editor. Introduction to Micromechanisms and Microactuators. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015. p. 57–79. (Mechanisms and Machine Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Biomedical Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Volcano May Be Erupting Off The Coast Of The USA [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/undersea-volcanic-eruption-coast-central-oregon/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Proposed Procedure for Access by GAO to Records of Students in the Murphy School District. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Jul. Report No.: B-164031(1).174.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Trantham LC. PSA surveillance following radical prostatectomy: What we know and why it matters [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hardy M. In Houston, Juneteenth Site Rises From the Ruins. New York Times. 2017 Jun 17;A11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Biomedical Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (print)0967-4845
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Immunology
Microbiology
Biochemistry, medical
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

Other styles