How to format your references using the British Journal of Biomedical Science citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Biomedical Science. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Holtz TR Jr. Palaeontology: mystery of the horrible hands solved. Nature. 2014 Nov 13;515(7526):203–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Pollard PJ, Ratcliffe PJ. Cancer. Puzzling patterns of predisposition. Science. 2009 Apr 10;324(5924):192–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Lestas I, Vinnicombe G, Paulsson J. Fundamental limits on the suppression of molecular fluctuations. Nature. 2010 Sep 9;467(7312):174–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Pastushenko I, Brisebarre A, Sifrim A, Fioramonti M, Revenco T, Boumahdi S, et al. Identification of the tumour transition states occurring during EMT. Nature. 2018 Apr;556(7702):463–8.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Devolder P, Janssen J, Manca R. Stochastic Methods for Pension Funds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2012.
An edited book
1.
Duncan GT. Statistical Confidentiality: Principles and Practice. Elliot M, Salazar-González J-J, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. XII, 200 p. (Statistics for Social and Behavioral Sciences).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Odendall C, Kagan JC. Peroxisomes and the Antiviral Responses of Mammalian Cells. In: del Río LA, editor. Peroxisomes and their Key Role in Cellular Signaling and Metabolism. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 67–75. (Subcellular Biochemistry).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Biomedical Science.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Major Breakthrough Made In Stem Cell Research [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/major-breakthrough-made-stem-cell-research/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Space Acquisitions: Challenges in Commercializing Technologies Developed under the Small Business Innovation Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Nov. Report No.: GAO-11-21.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Williams B. The Impact on Reunification for Families with Incarcerated Parents: A Policy Analysis of the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Sisario B. Beyoncé, With 9 Grammy Nods, Will Face Off Against Adele. New York Times. 2016 Dec 6;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Biomedical Science
AbbreviationBr. J. Biomed. Sci.
ISSN (print)0967-4845
ScopeClinical Biochemistry
Immunology
Microbiology
Biochemistry, medical
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases
Microbiology (medical)

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