How to format your references using the British Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cyranoski D. Malaysia plans ‘red book’ in its attempts to go green. Nature 2005; 436: 313
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Burdett TC, Freeman MR. Neuroscience. Astrocytes eyeball axonal mitochondria. Science 2014; 345: 385–6
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Seymour RS, White CR, Gibernau M. Environmental biology: heat reward for insect pollinators. Nature 2003; 426: 243–4
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Edmonds HN, Michael PJ, Baker ET, et al. Discovery of abundant hydrothermal venting on the ultraslow-spreading Gakkel ridge in the Arctic Ocean. Nature 2003; 421: 252–6

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lad BK, Shrivastava D, Kulkarni MS. Machine Tool Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Chessa S, Knauth S, editors. Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking: International Competitions and Final Workshop, EvAAL 2012, July and September 2012. Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Jiang B, Tang J, Luo B. Graph Matching with Nonnegative Sparse Model. In: Kropatsch WG, Artner NM, Haxhimusa Y, Jiang X, editors. Graph-Based Representations in Pattern Recognition: 9th IAPR-TC-15 International Workshop, GbRPR 2013, Vienna, Austria, May 15-17, 2013 Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 41–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti A. The Peer-Reviewed EmDrive Paper Is Officially Out [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/the-peer-reviewed-emdrive-paper-is-officially-out/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Secretary of the Senate Accountability as of March 31, 1977. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1977 Jul Report No.: GGD-77-66.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Oliver CN. The relationship between length of kindergarten day and student literacy and math achievement [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kelly T. Send In the Hard Hats. New York Times 2005; 1417

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationBr. J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0007-0912
ISSN (online)1471-6771
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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