How to format your references using the British Journal of Anaesthesia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for British Journal of Anaesthesia (BJA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bonetta L. Gene expression: an expression of interest. Nature 2006; 440: 1233–7
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Zegerman P, Diffley JFX. Phosphorylation of Sld2 and Sld3 by cyclin-dependent kinases promotes DNA replication in budding yeast. Nature 2007; 445: 281–5
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Malinowski JT, Sharpe RJ, Johnson JS. Enantioselective synthesis of pactamycin, a complex antitumor antibiotic. Science 2013; 340: 180–2
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Long JA, Young GC, Holland T, Senden TJ, Fitzgerald EMG. An exceptional Devonian fish from Australia sheds light on tetrapod origins. Nature 2006; 444: 199–202

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Freeman RL. Reference Manual for Telecommunications Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2002.
An edited book
1.
Pancerz K, Zaitseva E, editors. Computational Intelligence, Medicine and Biology: Selected Links. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kuhlmann M, Gogolla M. Strengthening SAT-Based Validation of UML/OCL Models by Representing Collections as Relations. In: Vallecillo A, Tolvanen J-P, Kindler E, Störrle H, Kolovos D, editors. Modelling Foundations and Applications: 8th European Conference, ECMFA 2012, Kgs Lyngby, Denmark, July 2-5, 2012 Proceedings Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 32–48

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for British Journal of Anaesthesia.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Steps Made Towards New Zika Therapy That May Help Protect Unborn Children [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/steps-made-towards-new-zika-therapy-that-may-help-protect-unborn-children/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. The School Dropout Problem. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986 May Report No.: 129915.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Edwards K. Autism Spectrum Disorder and Social Narratives: Personalization of Delivery via Brief Experimental Analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow K. Tarred and Weathered, Cobblestones Are in Trouble. New York Times 2003; 147

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1 2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBritish Journal of Anaesthesia
AbbreviationBr. J. Anaesth.
ISSN (print)0007-0912
ISSN (online)1471-6771
ScopeAnesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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