How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research and Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Letvin NL (2009) Virology. Moving forward in HIV vaccine development. Science 326:1196–1198
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Swetter SM, Geller AC (2014) Perspective: catch melanoma early. Nature 515:S117
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Murton JB, Peterson R, Ozouf J-C (2006) Bedrock fracture by ice segregation in cold regions. Science 314:1127–1129
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Tsuji M, Komatsu N, Kawamoto S, et al (2009) Preferential generation of follicular B helper T cells from Foxp3+ T cells in gut Peyer’s patches. Science 323:1488–1492

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Sedlacek HH, Sapienza AM, Eid V (2008) Ways to Successful Strategies in Drug Research and Development. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
1.
König A, Dengel A, Hinkelmann K, et al (2011) Knowledge-Based and Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems: 15th International Conference, KES 2011, Kaiserslautern, Germany, September 12-14, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Miyazawa T, Nishine H (2013) Evaluating Outcomes After Interventional Procedures. In: Díaz-Jimenez JP, Rodriguez AN (eds) Interventions in Pulmonary Medicine. Springer, New York, NY, pp 71–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Mouse vs. Scorpion- Who Do You Think Wins? In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mouse-vs-scorpion-who-do-you-think-wins/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1988) Catalog of Human Resource Development Activities, 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Martin JC (2008) Tbx18 and the epicardium in cardiac development and regenerative medicine. Doctoral dissertation, University of California San Diego

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shpigel B (2017) Building a Better Bowler. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
AbbreviationBreast Cancer Res. Treat.
ISSN (print)0167-6806
ISSN (online)1573-7217
ScopeCancer Research
Oncology

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