How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research and Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baldwin RL (2002) Making a network of hydrophobic clusters. Science 295:1657–1658
A journal article with 2 authors
Devos DP, Reynaud EG (2010) Evolution. Intermediate steps. Science 330:1187–1188
A journal article with 3 authors
Zorzi M, Priftis K, Umiltà C (2002) Brain damage: neglect disrupts the mental number line. Nature 417:138–139
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Clark PU, McCabe AM, Mix AC, Weaver AJ (2004) Rapid rise of sea level 19,000 years ago and its global implications. Science 304:1141–1144

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Salleh S, Zomaya AY, Olariu S, Sanugi B (2005) Numerical Simulations and Case Studies Using Visual C++.Net. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Alexandrov AS (2007) Polarons in Advanced Materials. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Sato C (2013) Influences of Water on the Adhesive Properties. In: Silva LFM da, Sato C (eds) Design of Adhesive Joints Under Humid Conditions. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 77–94

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Planet Nine Could Cause Havoc In The Solar System In The Distant Future. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) [Comments on Referral of NASA Subcontractors’ Claims to Congress]. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Liu S (2010) Methods for generating addressable focus cues in stereoscopic displays. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S (2002) Russian Troops Seal Off Town In Search for Chechen Rebels. New York Times 13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
AbbreviationBreast Cancer Res. Treat.
ISSN (print)0167-6806
ISSN (online)1573-7217
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles