How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research and Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lundgren P (2014) Earth science: Fertile fields for seismicity. Nature 509:436–437
A journal article with 2 authors
Srivastava D, Ivey KN (2006) Potential of stem-cell-based therapies for heart disease. Nature 441:1097–1099
A journal article with 3 authors
Behringer DC, Butler MJ, Shields JD (2006) Ecology: avoidance of disease by social lobsters. Nature 441:421
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Imai S, Armstrong CM, Kaeberlein M, Guarente L (2000) Transcriptional silencing and longevity protein Sir2 is an NAD-dependent histone deacetylase. Nature 403:795–800

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bennett DH (2013) Bennett’s Cardiac Arrhythmias. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
List B (2009) Asymmetric Organocatalysis. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Vick A, Vydyanathan A, Safi T, Gritsenko K (2015) Perioperative Considerations in Pharmacology. In: Kaye AD, Kaye AM, Urman RD (eds) Essentials of Pharmacology for Anesthesia, Pain Medicine, and Critical Care. Springer, New York, NY, pp 87–99

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) What Is The Speed Of Dark? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Analysis of the Energy Research and Development Budget Proposal Process. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom SA (2017) Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley B (2017) Theater; Have Rocket, Will Travel. New York Times AR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
AbbreviationBreast Cancer Res. Treat.
ISSN (print)0167-6806
ISSN (online)1573-7217
ScopeCancer Research

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