How to format your references using the Breast Cancer Research and Treatment citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hutchinson J (2014) Evolutionary developmental biology: Dynasty of the plastic fish. Nature 513:37–38
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilson TD, Bar-Anan Y (2008) Psychology. The unseen mind. Science 321:1046–1047
A journal article with 3 authors
Kohli RM, Walsh CT, Burkart MD (2002) Biomimetic synthesis and optimization of cyclic peptide antibiotics. Nature 418:658–661
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hong S-T, Bang S, Hyun S, et al (2008) cAMP signalling in mushroom bodies modulates temperature preference behaviour in Drosophila. Nature 454:771–775

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Le Ruyet D, Pischella M (2015) Digital Communications 1. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Stolzenburg J-U, Türk IA, Liatsikos EN (2011) Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Surgery in Urology: Atlas of Standard Procedures, 1st ed. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Casciaro R (2005) Computational asymptotic post-buckling analysis of slender elastic structures. In: Pignataro M, Gioncu V (eds) Phenomenological and Mathematical Modelling of Structural Instabilities. Springer, Vienna, pp 195–276

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Breast Cancer Research and Treatment.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Female Insects Prefer Dinner To “Handcuffs.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1977) Capitalization and Use of the Automatic Data Processing Fund That Is Administered by the General Services Administration. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ware RJ (2012) Middle School Students’ Perceptions of Their Interests in Reading As Defined By Engagement and Social Interaction When Using Sustained Silent Reading, SSR, and Peer Interests Reading Strategies, PIRS. Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Herskovic L (2013) Blunt Doctor Cures Headaches. New York Times A14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
AbbreviationBreast Cancer Res. Treat.
ISSN (print)0167-6806
ISSN (online)1573-7217
ScopeCancer Research

Other styles