How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Arns M. Open access is tiring out peer reviewers. Nature. 2014;515(7528):467.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Wang Y, Hekimi S. Mitochondrial dysfunction and longevity in animals: Untangling the knot. Science. 2015;350(6265):1204-1207.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Iborra FJ, Jackson DA, Cook PR. Coupled transcription and translation within nuclei of mammalian cells. Science. 2001;293(5532):1139-1142.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhang W, Wan H, Feng G, et al. SIRT6 deficiency results in developmental retardation in cynomolgus monkeys. Nature. 2018;560(7720):661-665.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gardi F, Benoist T, Darlay J, Estellon B, Megel R. Mathematical Programming Solver Based on Local Search. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Ishai Y, ed. Theory of Cryptography: 8th Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2011, Providence, RI, USA, March 28-30, 2011. Proceedings. Vol 6597. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
McGee S, Baudendistel D. Chiari Malformation and Syringomyelia. In: Cartwright CC, Wallace DC, eds. Nursing Care of the Pediatric Neurosurgery Patient. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013:141-156.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Skipping Rocks On Frozen Lake Makes The “Coolest Sound Ever.” IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Leveraging Best Practices to Help Ensure Successful Major Acquisitions. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2013.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Taaz Z. Boiler automation and monitoring of temperature and steam flow using Simulink. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L. For Roosevelt Schools, New Year and New Woes. New York Times. September 17, 2006:14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
ISSN (print)1413-3555
Scope

Other styles