How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Crabtree RH. Chemistry. Creating ligands with multiple personalities. Science. 2010;330(6003):455-456.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher CR, Girguis P. Microbiology. A proteomic snapshot of life at a vent. Science. 2007;315(5809):198-199.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dinner AR, Blackburn GM, Karplus M. Uracil-DNA glycosylase acts by substrate autocatalysis. Nature. 2001;413(6857):752-755.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kamalakar MV, Dankert A, Bergsten J, Ive T, Dash SP. Enhanced tunnel spin injection into graphene using chemical vapor deposited hexagonal boron nitride. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6146.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
André É, Soulat R. The Inverse Method. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Wang L, Chen K, Ong YS, eds. Advances in Natural Computation: First International Conference, ICNC 2005, Changsha, China, August 27-29, 2005, Proceedings, Part II. Vol 3611. Springer; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Winter A, Haux R, Ammenwerth E, Brigl B, Hellrung N, Jahn F. Health Information Systems. In: Haux R, Ammenwerth E, Brigl B, Hellrung N, Jahn F, eds. Health Information Systems: Architectures and Strategies. Health Informatics. Springer; 2011:33-42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew D. What’s The Best Way To Go To The Toilet – Squatting Or Sitting? IFLScience. Published August 17, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Student Loans: Characteristics of Defaulted Borrowers in the Stafford Student Loan Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Perelygin K. Developing Physics Simulations with OpenCL on a Graphics Processing Unit. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leibovich M. The Real House Candidates of Beverly Hills. New York Times. April 24, 2014:MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
ISSN (print)1413-3555

Other styles