How to format your references using the Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler D. The battle of Tugen Hills. Nature. 2001;410(6828):508-509.
A journal article with 2 authors
Przyborski J, Lanzer M. Parasitology. The malarial secretome. Science. 2004;306(5703):1897-1898.
A journal article with 3 authors
Michel P, Benz W, Richardson DC. Disruption of fragmented parent bodies as the origin of asteroid families. Nature. 2003;421(6923):608-611.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kaur R, Kumar R, Bhondekar AP, Kapur P. Human opinion dynamics: an inspiration to solve complex optimization problems. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman MC. Kant and Applied Ethics. Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Fränzle M, Kapur D, Zhan N, eds. Dependable Software Engineering: Theories, Tools, and Applications: Second International Symposium, SETTA 2016, Beijing, China, November 9-11, 2016, Proceedings. Vol 9984. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Mucha HJ. Classification, Clustering, and Visualisation Based on Dual Scaling. In: Gaul W, Geyer-Schulz A, Baba Y, Okada A, eds. German-Japanese Interchange of Data Analysis Results. Studies in Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization. Springer International Publishing; 2014:59-69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy.

Blog post
Fang J. Europa’s Giant Geysers Disappear. IFLScience. Published September 5, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Chapter 1 Accountability: Greater Focus on Program Goals Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dhantole G. Evaluating Provision of Healthcare System in the U.S. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich JR. Lamenting Dead Kings, Spending Sunday at the Pub. New York Times. January 13, 2017:C6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleBrazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
ISSN (print)1413-3555

Other styles