How to format your references using the Journal of Building Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.R. Lowry, Resonant slow fault slip in subduction zones forced by climatic load stress, Nature. 442 (2006) 802–805.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Jing, L.-A. Wu, Control of decoherence with no control, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2746.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.Y. Park, A. Shcheglovitov, R. Dolmetsch, The CRAC channel activator STIM1 binds and inhibits L-type voltage-gated calcium channels, Science. 330 (2010) 101–105.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Bonke, S. Thitamadee, A.P. Mähönen, M.-T. Hauser, Y. Helariutta, APL regulates vascular tissue identity in Arabidopsis, Nature. 426 (2003) 181–186.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Dasgupta, Resolving Erroneous Reports in Toxicology and Therapeutic Drug Monitoring, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2012.
An edited book
P. Thilenius, C. Pahlberg, V. Havila, eds., Extending the Business Network Approach: New Territories, New Technologies, New Terms, Palgrave Macmillan UK, London, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Marescaux, D. Mutter, The World Virtual University and the Internet:, in: R.M. Satava, A. Gaspari, N.D. Lorenzo (Eds.), Emerging Technologies in Surgery, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007: pp. 19–25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Engineering.

Blog post
J. Fang, Earliest Evidence of Man-Made Pollution Found in Tartar on 400,000-Year-Old Teeth, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Charter Schools: Recent Experiences in Accessing Federal Funds, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
G. Reser, Assessing the Relationship between Adult Attachment and Differentiation of Self to Coparental Divorce Adjustment, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Saslow, A Foreign Affair: Italian Film Festival at Stony Brook, New York Times. (2005) 14LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Build. Eng.
ISSN (print)2352-7102
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles