How to format your references using the Journal of Building Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Building Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
N. Eichinger, Getting in the frame, Nature. 446 (2007) 104–105.
A journal article with 2 authors
J. Ollerton, E. Coulthard, Paleontology. Evolution of animal pollination, Science. 326 (2009) 808–809.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Stone, R. Olinky, A. Huppert, Seasonal dynamics of recurrent epidemics, Nature. 446 (2007) 533–536.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.-Y. Chang, T. Krishnan, H. Wang, Y. Chen, W.-F. Yin, Y.-M. Chong, L.Y. Tan, T.M. Chong, K.-G. Chan, Non-antibiotic quorum sensing inhibitors acting against N-acyl homoserine lactone synthase as druggable target, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7245.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Liebhart, D. Chandramouli, C. Wong, J. Merkel, LTE for Public Safety, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2015.
An edited book
V. Marinca, Nonlinear Dynamical Systems in Engineering: Some Approximate Approaches, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
B. McDonald, S. McGehee, R. Landrum, Implementing Dashboard-Style Report Objects, in: S. McGehee, R. Landrum (Eds.), Pro SQL Server 2012 Reporting Services, Apress, Berkeley, CA, 2012: pp. 89–123.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Building Engineering.

Blog post
T. Hale, Cockroach Milk Could Make A Nutritious Meal In The Future, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Depository Institutions: Contracting Practices With Data Processing Servicers, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.M. Christian, Under the Navajo stars: The intersection of mythic narratives, archaeology, and star ceilings, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Feeney, Ask for a Taco, Not For Lucinda, New York Times. (2008) NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Building Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Build. Eng.
ISSN (print)2352-7102
ScopeCivil and Structural Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
Building and Construction

Other styles