How to format your references using the Psychiatric Clinics of North America citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychiatric Clinics of North America (PSC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Garde S. Physical chemistry: Hydrophobic interactions in context. Nature 2015;517:277–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ito T., Yokoyama S. Two enzymes bound to one transfer RNA assume alternative conformations for consecutive reactions. Nature 2010;467:612–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Alexandre C., Baena-Lopez A., Vincent J-P. Patterning and growth control by membrane-tethered Wingless. Nature 2014;505:180–5.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bevilacqua L., Doly S., Kaprio J., et al. A population-specific HTR2B stop codon predisposes to severe impulsivity. Nature 2010;468:1061–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Lacalle D. Life in the Financial Markets. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Al-Majeed SS., Hu C-L., Nagamalai D. Advances in Wireless, Mobile Networks and Applications: International Conferences, WiMoA 2011 and ICCSEA 2011, Dubai, United Arab Emirates, May 25-27, 2011. Proceedings. vol. 154. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Baco E., Berge V., Rud E. How Do We Select Patients Eligible for Focal Therapy? Imaging and Targeted Biopsies: A Basic Prerequisite for Focal Therapy. In: Thüroff S, Chaussy CG, editors. Focal Therapy of Prostate Cancer: An Emerging Strategy for Minimally Invasive, Staged Treatment. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 39–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychiatric Clinics of North America.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. How We Found Out There Are Three Trillion Trees On Earth. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Significant Management Challenges May Adversely Affect Implementation of the Transportation Security Administration’s Secure Flight Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Zhang G. Roles of serotonin 2A receptor in a serotonin syndrome. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017:MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychiatric Clinics of North America
AbbreviationPsychiatr. Clin. North Am.
ISSN (print)0193-953X
ISSN (online)1558-3147
ScopePsychiatry and Mental health

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