How to format your references using the Journal of Power Sources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Power Sources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
H.T. Blair, Neuroscience. Charting the islands of memory, Science. 343 (2014) 846–847.
A journal article with 2 authors
C.W. Wright, C.S. Duckett, The aryl hydrocarbon nuclear translocator alters CD30-mediated NF-kappaB-dependent transcription, Science. 323 (2009) 251–255.
A journal article with 3 authors
J. Labidi, P. Cartigny, M. Moreira, Non-chondritic sulphur isotope composition of the terrestrial mantle, Nature. 501 (2013) 208–211.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. Dorigo, T. Schalch, A. Kulangara, S. Duda, R.R. Schroeder, T.J. Richmond, Nucleosome arrays reveal the two-start organization of the chromatin fiber, Science. 306 (2004) 1571–1573.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S. Stahl, Real Analysis, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
M. Fischlin, S. Katzenbeisser, eds., Number Theory and Cryptography: Papers in Honor of Johannes Buchmann on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
N. Khan, S. Yoshimura, P. Roth, E. Cesnulis, D. Koenue-Leblebicioglu, M. Curcic, H.-G. Imhof, Y. Yonekawa, Conventional microsurgical treatment of paraclinoid aneurysms: state of the art with the use of the selective extradural anterior clinoidectomy SEAC, in: Y. Yonekawa, E. Keller, Y. Sakurai, T. Tsukahara (Eds.), New Trends of Surgery for Stroke and Its Perioperative Management, Springer, Vienna, 2005: pp. 23–29.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Power Sources.

Blog post
A. Carpineti, How Did Supermassive Black Holes Form So Quickly In The Universe?, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: Vulnerabilities and Potential Improvements for the Air Cargo System, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2002.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Elizalde, Relationship between Latino adolescents and their mental health well-being: A quantitative study, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
E. St. John Kelly, PLAYING IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD, New York Times. (1994) 1314.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Power Sources
AbbreviationJ. Power Sources
ISSN (print)0378-7753
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles