How to format your references using the Journal of Power Sources citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Power Sources. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Gulledge, Debt crisis: Crunch time for US science, Nature. 477 (2011) 155–156.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.M. Canup, E. Asphaug, Origin of the Moon in a giant impact near the end of the Earth’s formation, Nature. 412 (2001) 708–712.
A journal article with 3 authors
A. Groisman, M. Enzelberger, S.R. Quake, Microfluidic memory and control devices, Science. 300 (2003) 955–958.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
B. La Scola, S. Audic, C. Robert, L. Jungang, X. de Lamballerie, M. Drancourt, R. Birtles, J.-M. Claverie, D. Raoult, A giant virus in amoebae, Science. 299 (2003) 2033.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Lombard, SolidWorks® Administration Bible, Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA, 2009.
An edited book
I. Schieferdecker, A. Hartman, eds., Model Driven Architecture – Foundations and Applications: 4th European Conference, ECMDA-FA 2008, Berlin, Germany, June 9-13, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
C. de Granville, D. Wang, J. Southerland, A.H. Fagg, R. Platt, Grasping Affordances: Learning to Connet vission to Hand Action, in: G. Sukhatme (Ed.), The Path to Autonomous Robots: Essays in Honor of George A. Bekey, Springer US, Boston, MA, 2009: pp. 1–22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Power Sources.

Blog post
E. Andrew, National Geographic Changed Its Maps To Reflect The Effects Of Climate Change In The Arctic, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Detroit City Airport, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.B. Asare, Understanding the Transformational Leadership Practices of Colleges of Education Principals, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, Aleksei German, 74, Director of Anti-Soviet Movies, New York Times. (2013) A20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Power Sources
AbbreviationJ. Power Sources
ISSN (print)0378-7753
ScopePhysical and Theoretical Chemistry
Energy Engineering and Power Technology
Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Other styles